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    Cold warpresentation Cold warpresentation Presentation Transcript

    • The Nuclear Arms Race Kevin Jiang Joe Greene Graham Goodwin
    • The Nuclear Arms RaceCompetition between the U.S., USSR, and their respective allies in the development and deployment of nuclear weapons.
    • Causes-US and Soviet Union --> two greatest superpowers following WWII-Tension occurred between the two: -Yalta Conference -Differing Ideals
    • Causes-Competition for military and technological superiority
    • Origins(Immediate Causes)- Dates back to World War II with Germanys development-US proves initial nuclear weapon superiority-US develops monopoly on nuclear weapons --> Greatly feared by Soviet Union Bombing Over Hiroshima
    • Early Developments-U.S. creates the Manhattan Project-Soviet Union infiltrates Manhattan Project with spies-US develops hydrogen bomb-Action-Reaction Cycle Manhattan Project Scientists
    • Hydrogen Bomb-More Powerful than Atomic Bomb-Destructive Power: Devastate An Area of 150Square Miles
    • General Motivations/Perceptions-USSR-->Feared Initial Progress of the US-More than just a competition over military or technological advances-US Government appeals to nationalism of citizens
    • Delivery MethodsTechnology and Systems used to bring a nuclear weapon to its target
    • Gravity Bombs-First and Most Common Method at first-Dropped from Bomber Aircraft-Possessed both positive and negative features
    • Missiles-More advanced option and strategically preferred-Many benefits (ex:faster and less vulnerable attack)
    • Missile Competition-The U.S. and Soviet Union had competing missiles programs-Both introduced Intercontinental ballistic missiles(ICBMs)-Great Destructive Power Launch of Titan II
    • Stategic Defense InitiativeWith the fear of imminent attack and the technological growth of nuclear weapons from the USSR, the U.S put in place an Anti- Ballistic Missile System to defend U.S soil.
    • Star Wars- The United states developed an experimental space based laser system under the title the Strategic Defense Initiative. Also Known as the "Star Wars" program
    • Growth of Nuclear Weapons-US developed around70,000 warheadsduring the Cold War-Soviet Union had30,000 nuclearweapons at the timeof collapse
    • Nuclear Weapons Treaties- Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty- was created by U.N to prevent the spread of nuclear technology to non-nuclear nations-Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty- Treaty created by both the U.S and USSR to limit the number of ICBM each country could have.
    • Mutually Assured Destruction(MAD)The well understood belief that when two opposing sides attack one another with weapons of mass destruction, both sides would be annihilated irrevocably
    • Mutually Assured Destruction(MAD)-Help to restrain nuclear warfare-Forces countries to continue developing their nuclear weapon technologies-Second Strike Capability-Counteracted most nuclear treaties
    • Brinkmanship-Policy of John Foster Dulles-Pushing things to the verge of disaster in order to achieve a desirable outcome-US and Soviet Union used brinksmanship against each other
    • Destructive Power"The destructive power of nuclear weapons cannot be contained in either space or time. They have the potential to destroy all civilization and the entire ecosystem of the planet."International Court of Justice, July 8, 1996
    • Destructive Power
    • General Nuclear Arms Race Effects-Economic Effects-Nuclear Paranoia-Hatred between US and USSR-Assisted in the bankruptcy of the USSR-Led to loose nuke issue
    • Loose Nukes-Poorly guarded nukes at the time of Soviet Union collapse-Many problems existed: -Criminal and Terrorist Use -Black Markets -Scientists attempting to profit
    • Loose Nukes-Security in Nuclear Weapons Facilities Remains an Issue in Russia
    • Discussion Questions
    • So Class....-Do you think the United States and/or Soviet Union had alternate motives behind this nuclear arms race? What could these motives be?
    • So Class....-Why do you think that no treaty was ever created between the US and USSR or even in modern day society, that bans nuclear weapons in general?
    • Photo CreditsCover Slide Picture up Flag by Side Rockets Bomb in Hiroshima Paranoia
    • Photo Credits PManhattan Project Scientists Bomb Wrestling Bomb Nukes
    • Photo CreditsMissle II Showing the Growth of Nuclear Weapons Foster Dulles Showing Destructive Power of Nuclear Weapons