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The Built Environment, Public Health and Climate Change <ul><li>Kevin Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate Student, Departm...
The Built Environment
 
 
 
The Built Environment’s Effect on Public Health
 
 
 
 
Behavioral  Consequences
Obesity <ul><li>Obesity results from a complex interaction between  diet, physical activity, and the environment.   </li><...
Obesity and Climate Change
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data  <10%  10%–14%
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data  <10%  10%–14%
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1995 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data  <10%  10%–14% ...
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2000 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data  <10%  10%–14% ...
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2005 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data  <10%  10%–14% ...
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2008 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data  <10%  10%–14% ...
1999 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS,   1990, 1999, 2008 (*BMI   30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person)...
The Trend Continues…
<ul><li>Florida is 17th highest of overweight youths (ages 10-17) at 33.1 percent  </li></ul>
Simple Solutions… <ul><li>Each kilometre (.62 mile) walked per  </li></ul><ul><li>day was associated with  </li></ul><ul><...
ASK YOURSELF <ul><li>What Are Your Alternatives? </li></ul>
Take A Walk On The Wild Side <ul><li>Current Trends in Florida </li></ul>
We’re Number One!!
 
Florida National Ranking  for Bicycle Fatalities <ul><li>#1 in 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007....
WAIT A MINUTE! <ul><li>Florida is #1 in Pedestrian and Bicycle Deaths BUT your telling us to walk and bike more! </li></ul...
<ul><li>How we’ve planned our cities and our lifestyle choices are NOT working… It’s time to ask ourselves… </li></ul><ul>...
 
 
Air Quality and Built Environment
Air Quality and Respiratory Health
Shake, Rattle and SMOG
 
Georgia On My Mind <ul><li>1996 Summer Olympics Games in Atlanta, Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts to decrease traffic re...
Atlanta <ul><li>By making it easier to ride the transit, got people out of their cars!  </li></ul>Traffic What were the co...
Great For Atlanta…  But What Does That Mean For Me?
Dept. of Labor's  Bureau of Labor Statistics , Author Created Chart, 2010
Household Cost of Owning a Vehicle (per quintiles of income), 2006. <ul><li>2006 household cost of owning a vehicle per qu...
Money Spent on Filling Up:  (Twice a month) (15 gallons x $3.00gl) = $1080 What happens  when  hits … $4 a gallon: $1440 $...
How Much is TOO MUCH?
Going Green… SAVES GREEN! <ul><li>Try to drive less and walk more! </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage carpooling to work/school <...
Ask Yourself: What are my alternatives? Before You Fill That Tank.
2 Minute Warning!
Co-Benefits  Reduced Respiratory disease, Traffic injuries, Stress Increased Physical Activity, Social Capital Reduced Tra...
<ul><li>ALWAYS ASK YOURSELF… </li></ul><ul><li>What are my alternatives? </li></ul>
 
 
STOP Climate Change From HOME… AND Save Money! Turn OFF and Save Money! As Temperatures Go Up… SO DOES YOUR ELECTRIC BILL!!
When At Home <ul><li>Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>Change your light bulbs </li></ul><ul><li>Buy a water filter, STOP PAYING f...
When At Work <ul><li>Pack Your Lunch </li></ul><ul><li>Share Rides </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase Reusable Water Container, NO...
<ul><li>ALWAYS ASK YOURSELF… </li></ul><ul><li>What are my alternatives? </li></ul>
 
 
Thank You <ul><li>Kevin Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate Student, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida St...
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Health And Built Env. (Kevin Work)

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This is the presentation I gave in Jacksonville for our workshops based on Climate Change and Public Health. I attempted to shed light on the connection between urban planning and public health.
This was my first presentation for the Department of Health.

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
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  • The built environment includes all aspects of the environment that are modified by humans. Homes, schools, workplaces, shopping areas, parks, industrial areas, and highways. The built environment accounts for over half of our carbon emissions
  • Conclusions   In 2007-2008, the prevalence of obesity was 32.2% among adult men and 35.5% among adult women. The increases in the prevalence of obesity previously observed do not appear to be continuing at the same rate over the past 10 years, particularly for women and possibly for men.
  • When Buying a House (energy costs, VMT…need for a veh.) How much house do you really need? How much does it cost to heat, cool and operate this house How far away is it from stores, schools or hospitals?
  • What Does This Offer? (walking, mixed use, community, household entertainment)
  • Transcript of "Health And Built Env. (Kevin Work)"

    1. 1. The Built Environment, Public Health and Climate Change <ul><li>Kevin Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate Student, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. The Built Environment
    3. 6. The Built Environment’s Effect on Public Health
    4. 11. Behavioral Consequences
    5. 12. Obesity <ul><li>Obesity results from a complex interaction between diet, physical activity, and the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The built environment encompasses a range of physical and social elements that make up the structure of a community and may influence obesity. </li></ul>
    6. 13. Obesity and Climate Change
    7. 14. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
    8. 15. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
    9. 16. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1995 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
    10. 17. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2000 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%
    11. 18. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2005 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
    12. 19. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2008 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
    13. 20. 1999 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990, 1999, 2008 (*BMI  30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person) 2008 1990 No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
    14. 21. The Trend Continues…
    15. 22. <ul><li>Florida is 17th highest of overweight youths (ages 10-17) at 33.1 percent </li></ul>
    16. 23. Simple Solutions… <ul><li>Each kilometre (.62 mile) walked per </li></ul><ul><li>day was associated with </li></ul><ul><li>a 4.8% reduction in the </li></ul><ul><li>likelihood of obesity </li></ul><ul><li>(Frank et al., 2004 </li></ul>Each additional hour spent in a car per day was associated with a 6% increase in the likelihood of obesity (Frank et al., 2004)
    17. 24. ASK YOURSELF <ul><li>What Are Your Alternatives? </li></ul>
    18. 25. Take A Walk On The Wild Side <ul><li>Current Trends in Florida </li></ul>
    19. 26. We’re Number One!!
    20. 28. Florida National Ranking for Bicycle Fatalities <ul><li>#1 in 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007. </li></ul>
    21. 29. WAIT A MINUTE! <ul><li>Florida is #1 in Pedestrian and Bicycle Deaths BUT your telling us to walk and bike more! </li></ul><ul><li>What’s The DEAL?! </li></ul>
    22. 30. <ul><li>How we’ve planned our cities and our lifestyle choices are NOT working… It’s time to ask ourselves… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are our alternatives?? </li></ul></ul>
    23. 33. Air Quality and Built Environment
    24. 34. Air Quality and Respiratory Health
    25. 35. Shake, Rattle and SMOG
    26. 37. Georgia On My Mind <ul><li>1996 Summer Olympics Games in Atlanta, Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts to decrease traffic resulted in a peak morning traffic decrease of 23% </li></ul><ul><li>During this time, peak ozone levels decreased 28% </li></ul><ul><li>Acute asthma events decreased 42% in the Georgia Medicaid Claims file, 44% in a health maintenance organization, 11% in 2 pediatric emergency rooms, and 19% in the Georgia Hospital Discharge database. </li></ul><ul><li>During the same period, children’s emergency visits for causes other than asthma did not change. </li></ul><ul><li>Frumkin, Howard. Environmental Health From Global to Local, First Edition. John Wiley and Sons, 2008. </li></ul>Morning Traffic: -23% Ozone Levels: -28% Acute Asthma: -42%
    27. 38. Atlanta <ul><li>By making it easier to ride the transit, got people out of their cars! </li></ul>Traffic What were the co-benefits for Atlanta? Asthma Green House Gases Saved
    28. 39. Great For Atlanta… But What Does That Mean For Me?
    29. 40. Dept. of Labor's  Bureau of Labor Statistics , Author Created Chart, 2010
    30. 41. Household Cost of Owning a Vehicle (per quintiles of income), 2006. <ul><li>2006 household cost of owning a vehicle per quintiles of income. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics </li></ul>Item Lowest 20% of Income Earners Second 20% of Income Earners Third 20% of Income Earners Fourth 20% of Income Earners Highest 20% of Income Earners Total $2,856 $5,058 $7,310 $9,571 $15,198 Purchase $987 $1,954 $2,940 $3,774 $7,442 Gasoline/Oil $991 $1,624 $2,182 $2,829 $3,508 Other $879 $1,489 $2,188 $2,968 $4,248
    31. 42. Money Spent on Filling Up: (Twice a month) (15 gallons x $3.00gl) = $1080 What happens when hits … $4 a gallon: $1440 $5 a gallon: $1800 What are the Co-Benefits to driving less?
    32. 43. How Much is TOO MUCH?
    33. 44. Going Green… SAVES GREEN! <ul><li>Try to drive less and walk more! </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage carpooling to work/school </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage public transportation use </li></ul><ul><li>If you do take a car, maintain it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly inflated tires can improve gas mileage by 3% </li></ul></ul>
    34. 45. Ask Yourself: What are my alternatives? Before You Fill That Tank.
    35. 46. 2 Minute Warning!
    36. 47. Co-Benefits Reduced Respiratory disease, Traffic injuries, Stress Increased Physical Activity, Social Capital Reduced Traffic
    37. 48. <ul><li>ALWAYS ASK YOURSELF… </li></ul><ul><li>What are my alternatives? </li></ul>
    38. 51. STOP Climate Change From HOME… AND Save Money! Turn OFF and Save Money! As Temperatures Go Up… SO DOES YOUR ELECTRIC BILL!!
    39. 52. When At Home <ul><li>Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>Change your light bulbs </li></ul><ul><li>Buy a water filter, STOP PAYING for water bottles! </li></ul><ul><li>Limit Television Viewing </li></ul><ul><li>Make weekly trips to stores instead of daily </li></ul>
    40. 53. When At Work <ul><li>Pack Your Lunch </li></ul><ul><li>Share Rides </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase Reusable Water Container, NO MORE PLASTIC! </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage Recycling Programs and Habits </li></ul><ul><li>TAKE THE STAIRS! </li></ul>
    41. 54. <ul><li>ALWAYS ASK YOURSELF… </li></ul><ul><li>What are my alternatives? </li></ul>
    42. 57. Thank You <ul><li>Kevin Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate Student, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University </li></ul></ul>
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