Using Evidence in A2 Geography Essays


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Using Evidence in A2 Geography Essays

  1. 1. <ul><li>A2 essay writing </li></ul>Looking for arguments & evidence from a range of sources
  2. 2. Recap activity <ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the worksheet - quick fire, so short phrases only but where possible offer evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass to left - use / or x or ? to check for relevance/accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add additional point(s) in the boxes where possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass to left for assessment using check sheet - return to original person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment at this stage is to ensure ‘along the right lines’ but encouraging if data/other evidence is provided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep assessment check sheet for revision </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Preparing for an essay <ul><li>“With reference to a range of case studies evaluate the various approaches being used to help close the global development gap.” </li></ul><ul><li>25 marks = 1500-2000 words </li></ul><ul><li>Uganda could be one country </li></ul><ul><li>Others may be Kenya and Cambodia </li></ul>3
  4. 4. Think of a question <ul><li>Think of a probing question that, if answered fully, will show understanding of one of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The existence of the global development gap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The causes of the development gap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How the development gap can be closed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be imaginative </li></ul><ul><li>Your question should not be too broad e.g. “how can we close the development gap?” </li></ul><ul><li>Instead you could ask “with reference to one country show how it is beginning to close the development gap?” </li></ul><ul><li>Write it down </li></ul>
  5. 5. And now … <ul><li>Put your question aside and out of view </li></ul><ul><li>We’ll come back to it later </li></ul>
  6. 6. Today’s learning Intention <ul><li>To hone observation, interpretation and analysis skills in order to write better A2 essays </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why do this? <ul><li>Recent assessments (e.g. India Superpowers essay and China test essay) the following have been deficient … </li></ul>8
  8. 8. Except- ional Most aspects in place Only partially covered Poorly covered Introduction : deconstructing the question , planning an approach and defining terms Research : a variety of sources used with evidence of independent research . Structure : well structured essay with good linkages between paragraphs. Relevant arguments and counter-arguments throughout. Communication : Written in a concise, discursive style. Very few spelling errors, appropriate punctuation and good tone of phrase with mature use of vocabulary Evidence: evidence underpins and supports arguments. Good use of data, places and (where relevant) actual case studies Understanding : understanding of relevant concepts readily apparent. Good grasp of complex issues and ideas. Good use of technical language Conclusion : conclusion is precise and directly linked to question. Good overview of arguments with elements of cross referencing
  9. 9. The particular area of concern is use of EVIDENCE 60% - India essay 70% - Test essay Exceptional Most aspects in place Only partially covered Poorly covered
  10. 10. What does the resource relate to? <ul><li>A Evidence of the existence of a development gap </li></ul><ul><li>B Arguments that suggest why the development gap exits OR is as wide as it is </li></ul><ul><li>C Actions taken to close the development gap </li></ul>
  11. 11. We’ll use three types of resources <ul><li>Cartoons </li></ul><ul><li>Video clip </li></ul><ul><li>A written text </li></ul>12
  12. 12. <ul><li>What do these cartoons imply about the development gap? </li></ul><ul><li>Think A, B or C? </li></ul>Cartoons
  13. 20. Using video clips <ul><li>YouTube clip (9.21mins) - Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>First classify clip - A, B or C </li></ul><ul><li>You will asked about this at the end of the clip </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>In pairs record three bullet points to provide evidence of actual strategies being undertaken to help take Cambodia out of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Swop with another pair who should verify accuracy and relevance of entries </li></ul><ul><li>And add one or two more bullet points - return sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Should have identified three different broad areas of development that were designed to reduce the development gap </li></ul><ul><li>These are water, land reform and irrigation systems </li></ul>
  14. 21. Trade not Aid <ul><li>Most poor countries have now moved away from a situation where they rely on aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Their plea now is for TRADE not aid. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the barriers to achieving fair trade? </li></ul>
  15. 22. “ The Global Rich and Poor Gap Widens” article - VOA News Now <ul><li>Read article for homework </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight with suitable icons/colours three things … </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>evidence that there is a global development gap </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>causal arguments of a development gap </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>action taken to reduce the development gap </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Bring to next lesson for assessment </li></ul>
  16. 23. Plenary <ul><li>Collaborative learning – essay swap </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieve the question composed at the start of the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>It will be asked of someone in the class </li></ul><ul><li>When answering you must use an argument and/or evidence from what you have learnt today </li></ul><ul><li>KCH to start - “with reference to one country show how it is beginning to close the development gap?” </li></ul>