Trade or Aid? <ul><li>Study pages 202-205 </li></ul><ul><li>Write notes to help you assess the extent to which the following have been good for Uganda: </li></ul><ul><li>Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Commodity exports in from 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Structural adjustments </li></ul><ul><li>Joining the WTO </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU </li></ul>2 25
Aid and Investment <ul><li>Look at page 206 </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of the difference between AID and INVESTMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Aid is a gift or more commonly a repayable loan provided by a country, group of countries or organisation such as the World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>INVESTMENT is a loan used to develop a country BUT with a share of the profits, and is normally provided by TNCs </li></ul><ul><li>Some projects can be a combination of the two, and sometimes it is not always clear as to the distinction </li></ul><ul><li>Now refer to pages 207-214 about seven examples of aid and/or investment designed to help narrow the development gap .... </li></ul>3
Resource & page number Project Aid or investment? Top-down or bottom-up 1 page 207 Akosombo Dam, Ghana Both aid and investment Top-down 2 page 208 Ghana’s aluminium smelter Both aid and investment Top-down 3 page 209 Water provision in Ghana Investment Top-down 4 page 210 The Pergau Dam, Malaysia Aid Top-down 5 page 211 Farming cooperative in Barlonyo, Uganda Aid Bottom-up 6 page 212 Kingship community project, Moldova Aid Top-down and bottom-up 7 page 213 Populist land reform in Zimbabwe Neither - politically motivated Top-down 8 Coopers’- Coborn School Twabuka project, Zambia Aid Top-down and bottom-up
What to do <ul><li>Choose FOUR of these projects and briefly summarise the relative success of them. Try to understand why each was a relative success or failure. Your choices should provide a balance of top-down and bottom-up projects as well as examples of both aid and investment. Try to assess the extent to which the aid projects represent examples of SMART aid (see mind map). </li></ul><ul><li>If you choose our school’s project (start by looking at the link on the CCCS official website) then don’t choose the Kingship project. Also don’t do both the Akosombo dam and the aluminium smelter. </li></ul><ul><li>These will provide mini case studies providing evidence for attempts made to narrow the development gap. You should be aware of the other projects but do not spend a lot of time drawing up a detailed analysis. </li></ul>5
The Millennium Goals <ul><li>From the specification - EXAMINING AN EXAMPLE OF A COUNTRY’S PROGRESS THROUGH THE MDGs INITIATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>TASK = “With reference to a variety of countries discuss how likely it will be that the MDGs will be met by 2015” </li></ul><ul><li>Choose four from Kenya, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Thailand from the conference notes, Bangladesh and Uganda from the text book pages 215-217 and Cambodia from class discussion and YouTube clip. </li></ul>8 31
What are the barriers to narrowing the development gap in Sub-Saharan Africa?