Living Spaces in LEDCs -Urbanisation

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  • 1. Rural to urban migration
    • Less Economically Developed Countries
  • 2. Why are people in LEDCs moving to the cities?
    • Look at the graph page 169
    • Read page 170
    • Complete activity 4 under a suitable heading that refers to the view of one person who moved into Shanghai (China) from the countryside (rural area)
  • 3. Learning Intentions
    • To understand why people move to cities from rural areas in LEDCs
    • To appreciate the challenges such people face when they arrive in the city
  • 4. People migrate due to ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors
  • 5. What kind of people leave their village homes and move to the city?
    • In pairs draw up a profile of the average person from an LEDC country who chooses to move into the city
    • What kind of people will they be?
    • Will they be young or old?
    • Male or female?
    • Fit or frail?
  • 6. Typical migrants into the cities are ...
    • Young, fit, determined males who have a strong desire to make a better life
    • What are the consequences of this for the villages they leave behind?
  • 7.
    • ... the aged
    • ... the infirm
    • ... the weak
    • ... those with little ambition
    • ... and females who are often the sole remaining producers and having to do so while looking after their children, the sick and the elderly
    • THIS ONLY ADDS TO THE PROBLEMS THE RURAL AREAS (VILLAGES) ALREADY HAVE, WHICH WERE THE REASONS THEY LEFT IN THE FIRST PLACE!
    • .. They will be left with ....
  • 8. And what do the city migrants find when they arrive in the city?
    • Is the reality of what they experience the same as their hopes and dreams of what life would be like in the city?
    • Some find jobs, are given wages and use them to forge a better life with a decent shelter, food, clean water and all the attractions that city life brings
  • 9.  
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  • 11. But for many it is a different story - they simply replace one type of poverty with another or find it very difficult to adjust Some struggle to find work and are forced to live in make-shift accommodation
  • 12. Access this presentation from the VLE
  • 13.
    • Identify what life is like in the Favelas of Sao Paulo. Include notes about:
    • Site and location (site is the land on which the settlement has been built and location is where the place is in relation to its surroundings)
    • Housing – appearance, materials, building styles, density, etc
    • Health, sanitation and waste disposal
    • Security and safety
    • Facilities – shops and general services
    • Utilities – electricity, gas, water, etc
    • Improvements and management of the favelas
    • Any advantages of living in Favelas
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    • END