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Las Vegas - Unsustainable City
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Las Vegas - Unsustainable City

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  • 1. Rural Living Spaces
    • Contrast to Chipping Campden
  • 2. Recap – Chipping Campden
    • Where is it?
    • What is it like there?
    • What kind of people live there?
    • Why do they choose to live there?
  • 3.
    • So where is this place ……
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
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  • 10. Is this rural or urban?
    • In that 1.5 million live in or immediately surrounding Las Vegas it is clearly an urban living space
    • But given it is in the middle of the desert with scores of miles between it and the next settlement it is in a rural setting
    • In about 50 years Las Vegas has grown from a small rural town to what it is today.
    • Urban spread has consumed the surrounding countryside – this is ‘greenfield’ development – a bit ironic given there’s not much that’s green!
  • 11. What is meant by greenfield development?
    • This is development on land that has not previously been used – unspoilt and in its natural state.
    • The opposite of this is brownfield development – development on land that has already been built on and is about to be torn down and re-developed
  • 12. Learning Intentions
    • Develop an understanding that not all rural living spaces are quiet sleepy little towns like Chipping Campden
    • Appreciate just how different Las Vegas is to Chipping Campden
    • Understand the problems generated by the rapid growth of this living space
  • 13. Built in the middle of a Mojave Desert in Clark County, Nevada, USA, it’s within half a day’s journey from the National Parks of Grand Canyon, Bryce Canyon and Zion
  • 14.  
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  • 17. 2009
  • 18. 1950
  • 19. What’s it like there?
    • http://vimeo.com/930121
  • 20.
    • First major resort built on the Las Vegas Strip was built in 1941.
    • 17 of the top 20 largest hotels in the world are located in Las Vegas.
    • 36 million people visit Las Vegas each year
    • The population of the city is almost 500,000 which increases to 1.5 million if the surrounding suburbs are included
    • The city is famous for gambling, fine dining and shopping as well as its themed hotels and urban districts – eg New York, Paris and Venice
    • There are 125,000 hotel beds available in Las Vegas at any one time
    • The city has been built in the middle of the Mojave Desert where annual rainfall is less than 10cms – less than 30 days of rain per year
    • If it were not for the dams and reservoirs built in the surrounding desert Las Vegas would not exist
    • It is not the most sustainable city in the world!!
  • 21. So who lives there?
    • The rich and famous – in hotel suites or out of town mansions
    • The not so rich and far from famous – those that maintain and service the city (hotel staff, bankers, lawyers, insurance brokers, tour operators, croupiers, etc)
    • Las Vegas is reputedly the fastest growing city in America
  • 22. Why do they live there?
    • Las Vegas exists solely as a tourist paradise – effectively an adult’s playground and theme park
    • It’s a far cry from Chipping Campden that many see as the English rural idyll
  • 23. What are the challenges?
    • Las Vegas the City shouldn’t exist – it’s in a desert!
    • It does so because a few super rich people had a dream and they spent a fortune realising it
    • It consumes more water per person than any other city in the world – 1,360 litres daily per capita (60 % more than ‘thirsty’ Los Angeles)
  • 24. To cope with the demand for living space Las Vegas must …
    • Build in the desert surrounding the city
    • and find water – and plenty of it
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/water-in-the-mojave-desert/4754.html
  • 25. Challenges
    • Wells need to be dug deeper – groundwater supplies have dropped 90 metres in recent times
    • $1-billion pipeline will need to be built to tap rivers and groundwater 250 miles away
    • Lake Mead, America’s largest reservoir behind the Hoover Dam, is at its lowest water level for 35 years
    • Desert landscapes are not easy habitats - wildlife is losing the battle for water as the city drinks it all!
    • To combat the intense heat (the city is at least 5 degrees C hotter than the very hot desert that surrounds it) thousands of air conditioning units are in place – these need huge quantities of electricity which is met in part at the expense of climate change.
    • Being so isolated car travel is vital – Las Vegas ties with New York City in fifth place for carbon monoxide pollution amongst US cities.
  • 26. Over to you
    • Create a brochure or flyer to encourage those thinking of moving to Las Vegas to think again.
    • Include photographs, text and quotes (made up or real!)
    • Provide a range of reasons and include evidence to support your arguments
    • Finish for homework if necessary