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  • 1. Administering Anesthesia
    By: Kevin Kruse
  • 2.
    • Anesthesia is the loss of sensation in the body with or without the loss of consciousness
    • 3. The loss of sensation is induced through administering certain drugs either through Iv’s, shots, or the inhalation of the drug
    What is anesthesia?
    This is an image of an anesthetic being induced through inhalation. The drug is being breathed in through the mask over the face.
  • 4.
    • Elective surgery occurred infrequently prior to the use of anesthesia
    • 5. Anesthesia is administered prior to surgery and the medicine is used to prevent pain during and after the surgery takes place
    • 6. Anesthesia is important because it changed the option of surgery from a last resort method to something more plausible and less gruesome
    • 7. Now surgery is a very key and life saving tool used by doctors to treat, prevent, and cure patients
    Why is Anesthesia Important?
  • 8.
    • In the United States most of whom administer anesthetics to patients are specialized nurses who take graduate level courses and take a certification exam to be what is called a Certified Registered Nurse in Anesthetist or CRNA
    • 9. The drug being administered is made by an anesthesiologist and then given to the patient under going surgery by a CRNA under the supervision of a physician
    • 10. In some states a physician is not required to be present when the drug is being administered
    Who is administers anesthetics?
  • 11.
    • In the preoperative assessment, or a patient assessment prior to surgery, you must identify the anesthetic consideration for the patient
    • 12. Identifying the anesthetic consideration means identifyinganything a patient may be allergic to or may be harmful to them as well identifying the correct amount of anesthesia that should be administered to the patient
    Step 1: Preoperative assessment
  • 13.
    • Any medication that is needed for sedation before the anesthesia is administered must be ordered as well as any other drugs that may be needed
    • 14. Start an IV in a patients arm that is the appropriate size
    Step 2: Premedication
    Step 3: IV Access
    Here is an image of a patient who is receiving an IV.
  • 15.
    • The CRNA must check the machine that administers the anesthesia through an IV
    • 16. Also emergency drugs must be prepared incase the patient has a bad reaction to the drug or it doesn’t work as planned
    Step 4: Equipment and preparation
    This is an example of the type of machine that administers the anesthesia.
  • 17.
    • Before the anesthesia is induced an electrocardiograph (a machine that produces a graphical recording of the events in a heart beat from the beginning of a beat to the start of the next) must be attached along with a blood pressure cuff
    • 18. After the IV has been givenvarious other monitors must be attached to the patient that monitor the body to help ensure everything is going according to plan
    Step 5: Attach Monitors
    This is a modern electrocardiograph.
  • 19.
    • Preinduction drugs are drugs given through IV’s that may help the induction of the anesthetic to go smoother
    • 20. The use anesthetics such as thiopetal, propofol, or other drugs may be induced through IV’s to render the patient unconscious
    • 21. A patient must also me connected to a machine that helps them breath because while under the affects of the anesthesia they can’t breath on there own
    Step6: Preinduction Drugs
    Step 7: Induce General Anesthesia
  • 22.
    • Use muscle relaxing drugs to paralyze the body when under the influence of the anesthetic so that the patient can not move
    • 23. Make sure the anesthetic is working properly and the patients is unconscious and doesn’t wake up during the procedure
    Step 8: induce muscle relaxers
    Step 9: Monitor the patient
  • 24.
    • When the procedure is coming to an end slowly discontinue the anesthetic agents and allow the patient to breath on their own
    • 25. Make arrangements so that the patient has everything they need in order to be kept healthy, comfortable, and stable after the procedure
    • 26. This includes giving the patient antibiotics, feeding orders, and performing other tests to ensure the health and safety of the patient
    Step 10: Waking the patient and caring for the patient after surgery