This is a lesson in the Crossroads programme, a discipleship programme written by Dr Kevin Smith and offered by the South African Theological Seminary. This lesson is about the Work of the Holy Spirit.
The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit 2 - The Work of the Holy Spirit
IntroductionThe Spirit as an experienced and empowering reality wasthe key role player in all of Christian life, from beginning toend. If the church is to be effective in our postmodernworld, we need to stop paying mere lip service to the Spiritand to recapture Paul’s perspective: the Spirit as theexperienced, empowering return of God’s own personalpresence in and among us. Gordon Fee
IntroductionJesus said that when he left his disciples toreturn to his Father, he would send themthe Holy Spirit to replace him. The HolySpirit would be with them as their newHelper, doing for them everything thatJesus did while he was with them.
Lesson OutlineThe work of the Holy Spirit covers three main areas: 1. His work in salvation 2. His work in sanctification 3. His work in service
SalvationThe Holy Spirit working WITH you.The Holy Spirit draws sinners to Christ,convicting them of their sin and changingthem on the inside when they respond tothe gospel.
Salvation1) Repentance is the work of the Spirit.
Salvation The Spirit works with us to bring1) Repentance is the us to repentance. Without the work of the Spirit. work of the Spirit nobody can come to Christ as Lord and Saviour. His role is pivotal to all soul-winning because he is the one who convinces unbelievers of the truth of the gospel and their need to receive Christ as Lord and Saviour through repentance and faith.
John 16:7-11But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I amgoing away. Unless I go away, the Counsellor will notcome to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. Whenhe comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard tosin and righteousness and judgement: in regard to sin,because men do not believe in me; in regard torighteousness, because I am going to the Father, whereyou can see me no longer; and in regard to judgment,because the prince of this world now standscondemned.
Salvation Blasphemy against the Holy1) Repentance is the Spirit is the unforgivable sin work of the Spirit. because when someone blasphemes the Spirit, the Spirit departs from them. When the Holy Spirit leaves, their only source of conviction is gone. Without the convicting work of the Spirit, the person will never seek God’s forgiveness.
Salvation The Holy Spirit works in us to1) Repentance is the bring us new life. The moment work of the Spirit we come to Christ, he indwells us and works in us to renew2) Regeneration is the our spirits and transform our natures. The theological term work of the Spirit for this is ‘regeneration’.
Salvation1) Repentance is the Titus 3:5-6 work of the Spirit He saved us through the washing of rebirth and2) Regeneration is the renewal by the Holy Spirit, work of the Spirit whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Saviour.
Salvation1) Repentance is the John 3:3, 5 work of the Spirit In reply Jesus declared, “I tell you the truth, no one can see2) Regeneration is the the kingdom of God unless he is born again.” work of the Spirit Jesus answered, “I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit.”
SanctificationThe Holy Spirit working IN you.The Holy Spirit works in us to make us holy, toform within us the nature of Jesus Christ. This islifelong process of gradually triumphing over sinand growing in righteousness until we have thecharacter of Christ.
SanctificationRomans 15:16b Galatians 5:22-23… so that the Gentiles But the fruit of the Spirit ismight become an offering love, joy, peace, patience,acceptable to God, kindness, goodness,sanctified by the Holy faithfulness, gentlenessSpirit. and self-control. Against such things there is no law.
1 Corinthians 6:9-11Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit thekingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither thesexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor maleprostitutes nor homosexual offenders nor thieves northe greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlerswill inherit the kingdom of God. And that is what someof you were. But you were washed, you weresanctified, you were justified in the name of the LordJesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.
2 Corinthians 3:17-18Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spiritof the Lord is, there is freedom. And we, whowith unveiled faces all reflect the Lord’s glory,are being transformed into his likeness withever-increasing glory, which comes from theLord, who is the Spirit.
ServiceThe Holy Spirit working THROUGH you.If sanctification relates to Christian character, thenservice relates to Christian ministry. As you grow inChrist, he increasingly begins to work through you aswell. The Spirit comes upon you to anoint you andempower you to serve the Lord.
ServiceBut you will receive power when the HolySpirit comes on you; and you will be mywitnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judeaand Samaria, and to the ends of the earth. Acts 1:8
ServiceThe Holy Spirit may Ephesians 6:18a, “And pray in the Spirit on all1) pray through you occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests.” Jude 20, “But you, dear friends, build yourselves up in your most holy faith and pray in the Holy Spirit.”
ServiceThe Holy Spirit may Acts 19:61) pray through you When Paul placed his2) prophesy through you hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they spoke in tongues and prophesied.
ServiceThe Holy Spirit may Acts 4:311) pray through you After they prayed, the2) prophesy through you place where they were meeting was shaken. And3) preach through you they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke the word of God boldly.
ServiceThe Holy Spirit may Acts 10:381) pray through you … how God anointed Jesus2) prophesy through you of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how3) preach through you he went around doing4) perform miracles good and healing all who through you were under the power of the devil, because God was with him.
ServiceThe Holy Spirit may Word of Caution1) pray through you The Holy Spirit does not take possession of you and override2) prophesy through you your mind and will when he works through you. Rather, he3) preach through you quickens and prompts you,4) perform miracles and enables you to speak or act under his leading. through you
Conclusion1. Salvation: The Spirit works with us to bring us to repentance and regeneration.2. Sanctification: The Holy Spirit works in us to make us like the Lord Jesus Christ.3. Service: The Holy Spirit works through us in prayer, prophecy, preaching, and performing miracles.