This is a lesson in the Crossroads programme, a discipleship programme written by Dr Kevin Smith and offered by the South African Theological Seminary. This lesson is about the Deity and Humanity of Christ.
The Doctrine of Christ 1 - The Person of Christ
IntroductionThe reason that Jesus Christ can be the mediatorbetween God and man is that he is fully God andfully man. Both his deity and humanity arecrucial to his roles as revealer of God andredeemer of man. As the only person who isboth God and man, he is the bridge betweenGod and man.
1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God and one MEDIATORbetween God and men, the Man Christ Jesus.
Introduction1 Cor. 12:3 1 John 4:2No one can say that By this you know theJesus is Lord except by Spirit of God: Everythe Holy Spirit. spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God.
Lesson Outline1. The Son of God • Jesus is fully God2. The Son of Man • Jesus is fully man
John 20:30-31Jesus did many other miraculous signs in thepresence of his disciples, which are not recordedin this book. But these are written that you maybelieve that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God,and that by believing you may have life in hisname.
The Son of GODWe are going to explore four ways in which theNew Testament teaches that Jesus is fully God. 1. Appellation: Jesus is called God 2. Adoration: Jesus received worship 3. Absolution: Jesus forgave sins 4. Architect: Jesus created all things
The Son of GOD1. The divine title God is used of Jesus Christ. There are some nine verses in the NT that call Jesus ‘God’.
The Son of God1. The divine title John 1:1 God is used of In the beginning was the Jesus Christ. Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word There are some nine was God. verses in the NT that call Jesus ‘God’.
The Son of God1. The divine title John 20:28-29 God is used of And Thomas answered and Jesus Christ. said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” Jesus said to him, There are some nine “Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. verses in the NT that Blessed are those who have call Jesus ‘God’. not seen and yet have believed.”
The Son of God1. The divine title Titus 2:13 God is used of … while we wait for the Jesus Christ. blessed hope—the glorious appearing of our There are some nine great God and Saviour, verses in the NT that Jesus Christ. call Jesus ‘God’.
The Son of God2. The divine title Lord is used of Jesus Christ. The Greek word for ‘Lord’ often translates the Hebrew name of God, Yahweh.
The Son of God2. The divine title Romans 10:9 Lord is used of That if you confess with Jesus Christ. your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your The Greek word for heart that God raised him ‘Lord’ often translates from the dead, you will be the Hebrew name of saved. God, Yahweh.
The Son of GodJoel 2:32 Romans 10:13And … whoever For whoever callscalls on the name on the name ofof the Lord shall the Lord shall bebe saved. saved. Yahweh Jesus
The Son of GodHebrews 1:8 Hebrews 1:10But to the Son he says: He also says, “In the“Your throne, O God, is beginning, O Lord, you laidforever and ever; a the foundations of thescepter of righteousness is earth, and the heavens arethe scepter of Your the work of your hands.”kingdom.”‘He’ in these verses is God the Father. He is addressing Christand calling him ‘God’ and ‘Lord’.
The Son of God1. Jesus preached Matthew 4:10 that only God is Jesus said to him, “Away to receive from me, Satan! For it is worship. written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’”
The Son of God2. Jesus permitted Matthew 14:33 himself also to Then those who were in receive worship. the boat worshiped him, saying, “Truly you are the Son of God.”
The Son of God2. Jesus permitted John 20:28-29 himself also to Thomas said to him, “My receive worship. Lord and my God!” Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”
Revelation 5:11-14Then I looked and heard the voice of many angels, numberingthousands upon thousands, and ten thousand times tenthousand. They encircled the throne and the living creatures andthe elders. In a loud voice they sang: “Worthy is the Lamb, whowas slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom andstrength and honour and glory and praise!” Then I heard everycreature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and on thesea, and all that is in them, singing: “To him who sits on thethrone and to the Lamb be praise and honour and glory andpower, for ever and ever!” The four living creatures said,“Amen,” and the elders fell down and worshiped.
The Son of GOD1. The Bible teaches that only God can pardon sin.2. Yet Jesus claimed the authority to pardon sin.3. Therefore, Jesus was claiming authority that belongs to God.
Mark 2:5-7When Jesus saw their faith,He said to the paralytic,“Son, your sins are forgivenyou.” And some of thescribes were sitting thereand reasoning in theirhearts, “Why does this Manspeak blasphemies like this?Who can forgive sins butGod alone?”
Mark 2:10-11“But that you may knowthat the Son of Man hasauthority on earth toforgive sins”—He said tothe paralytic, “I say to you,arise, take up your bed,and go to your house.”
Luke 7:48-50Then Jesus said to her,“Your sins are forgiven.”The other guests began tosay among themselves,“Who is this who evenforgives sins?” Jesus saidto the woman, “Your faithhas saved you; go inpeace.”
The Son of GODBy definition, God is the creator of the universe.Yet the word of God also calls Jesus the Creator. 1. All things were created by Jesus Christ. 2. All things were created for Jesus Christ.
The Son of God1. All things were John 1:3, 10 made by Jesus Through him all things Christ. were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. … He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him.
The Son of God1. All things were Colossians 1:16 made by Jesus For by him all things were Christ. created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and2. All things were invisible, whether thrones made for Jesus or powers or rulers or Christ. authorities; all things were created by him and for him.
The Son of GodA DORATION“all may honour the Son just as theyhonour the Father. He who does nothonour the Son does not honour theFather, who sent him” (John 5:23)
The Son of GodB ELIEF“But these are written that you maybelieve that Jesus is the Christ, the Son ofGod, and that by believing you may havelife in his name” (John 20:31).
The Son of GodC ONFIDENCE“Now to him who is able to do far moreabundantly than all that we ask or think,according to the power at work within us, to himbe glory in the church and in Christ Jesusthroughout all generations, forever and ever.Amen” (Eph. 3:20-21).
The Son of GodD EPENDENCE“But these are written that you maybelieve that Jesus is the Christ, the Son ofGod, and that by believing you may havelife in his name” (John 20:31).
The Son of GodE VANGELISMAnd Jesus came and said to them, “All authorityin heaven and on earth has been given to me.Go therefore and make disciples of all nations,baptizing them in the name of the Father and ofthe Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 28:18-19).
The Son of ManIncarnation John 1:14At the incarnation, the And the Word becameSon of God took on a flesh and dwelt amongfull human nature. us, and we have seenJesus Christ is fully his glory, glory as ofman, with all the the only Son from thequalities of a perfect Father, full of gracehuman being. and truth.
1 John 4:2-3By this you know the Spirit of God: everyspirit that confesses that Jesus Christ hascome in the flesh is from God, and everyspirit that does not confess Jesus is notfrom God. This is the spirit of theantichrist, which you heard was comingand now is in the world already.
The Son of ManThere are six evidences that Jesus was fully man: 1. Human titles were applied to him. 2. He had a natural human birth. 3. He was called a ‘man’. 4. He had a normal human development. 5. He had a normal human nature. 6. He had normal human frailties.
The Son of MANA LIAS’ • Jesus calls himself “the Son of Man” 84 times in the gospels. His title of choice is the one that identifies him with mankind as one of us.
The Son of MANB IRTH • “… concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh” (Rom. 1:3). • “Remember Jesus Christ, risen from the dead, the offspring of David, as preached in my gospel” (2 Tim. 2:8)
The Son of MANC ALLED MAN • For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus (1 Tim. 2:5)
The Son of MAND EVELOPMENT • “And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favour with God and man” (Luke 2:52).
The Son of MANE SSENCEJesus had a human body, soul and spirit • “My soul is very sorrowful” (Matt. 26:38). • “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit” (Luke 23:46).
The Son of MANF RAILTIES • “For the Son of Man came eating and drinking …” (Matt 11:19).
Hebrews 2:17-18For this reason he had to be made like hisbrothers in every way, in order that he mightbecome a merciful and faithful high priest inservice to God, and that he might makeatonement for the sins of the people. Becausehe himself suffered when he was tempted, he isable to help those who are being tempted.
Hebrews 4:15-16For we do not have a high priest who is unableto sympathize with our weaknesses, but wehave one who has been tempted in every way,just as we are—yet was without sin. Let us thenapproach the throne of grace with confidence,so that we may receive mercy and find grace tohelp us in our time of need.
The Son of God1. Jesus is fully God. He was called God and Lord, he received worship, he forgave sins, and he created all things.2. Because he is fully God, we owe him adoration, belief, confidence, dependence, and evangelism.
The Son of Man1. Jesus is fully man. He was called ‘man’ and ‘Son of Man’, and he had human birth, nature, development, and frailties.2. Because he is fully man, he is our merciful and faithful High Priest, and is able to sympathise and help us in our weaknesses and needs.