Active Learning


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what is active learning and how to achieve more of it using webtechnology

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Active Learning

  1. 1. <ul><li>Active Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>from e-learning to c-learning </li></ul><ul><li>(ref: 2006 . “social software and learning”) </li></ul><ul><li>Shrewsbury College of Arts and Technology. September 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Kevin Brace. HE Co-ordinator. </li></ul><ul><li>West Midlands RSC </li></ul>Key E = enhanced C = collaborative
  2. 2. What we will cover <ul><li>PART 1.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Back to basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define: Active learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research - pros & cons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active learning ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Break from me </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 2 U: active learning in practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PART 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active learning tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where next? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogy – shift_required </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Where we are! / where are we? Edited using
  4. 4. e-learning learning <ul><li>e-learning can provide : </li></ul><ul><li>opportunities for student-centred and collaborative working </li></ul><ul><li>change from power over learners to “power of the learners” </li></ul>Back 2 basics But does student centred just mean cut & paste? It should mean deeper , reflective learning. Ref : Oleg Liber & J. Judges. 2007 Technology supported learning
  5. 5. REF: Choosing and using a learning platform . Geoff Minshull & Bob Powell Back 2 basics Three main functions of a VLE Resources .e.g. NLN materials Tracking, assessment, links with registry data Email, forum, IM, chat, wiki, glossary These two are more complex to set up & manage and therefore rarely used, sadly :O( SIMPLE COMPLEX MOODLE Mostly communications Mostly management Mostly content
  6. 6. Active learning is an umbrella term that refers to several models of instruction that focus the responsibility of learning on learners. REF: DEFINE : Active learning Active learning is anything other than passive listening to the lecturer. REF:
  7. 7. DEFINE : Active learning active creative engage social network Communities (of practice) Web 2.0 motivate communicate constructivism connected reflect learner Learner centred autonomous pedagogy Shift – learning 2.0 collaborate Build / construct/ knowledge expectations environment share facilitate enable Peer teach/review enjoy positive Deeper / critical participate doing
  8. 8. <ul><li>learners work in pairs, </li></ul><ul><li>discuss materials while playing , debate , </li></ul><ul><li>engage in case study , </li></ul><ul><li>take part in cooperative learning , </li></ul><ul><li>or produce short written exercises, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>As review methods for checking learning or to contextualise new ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>A class discussion may be held in person or in an online environment. </li></ul><ul><li>A think-pair-share activity is when learners take a minute to ponder the previous lesson, later to discuss it with one or more of their peers, finally to share it with the class as part of a formal discussion. It is during this formal discussion that the instructor should clarify misconceptions. </li></ul><ul><li>A short written exercise that is often used is the &quot;one minute paper.&quot; This is a good way to review materials. </li></ul>Active learning exercises REF: One university is using Wikipedia to assess 1 piece of student work. Undergrad’s are tasked to compose a peer reviewed Wikipedia entry. They are assessed on it’s composition , accuracy, and scope of references. Students can peer review other entries.
  9. 9. Motivational & web exemplars
  10. 10. Research pros & cons 1369 respondents – Oxford 2007 – were aware of online learning Collaborative work? Collaborative ? Collaborative ?
  11. 11. Research pros & cons David White, JISC funded ‘SPIRE’ project 2007 No idea!! – a bit like the myth of digital natives!
  12. 12. <ul><li>Motivational learning DVD from the academy HE in FE advisors </li></ul><ul><li>Crosswords to recap/revise </li></ul><ul><li>Speed-dating – face to face asking questions from sheet in quick succession </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing to remember important facts </li></ul><ul><li>Karaoke to recap on precious lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Making a yearbook (using publisher) </li></ul><ul><li>Recording achievement using Photostory </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing ideas in pairs / groups </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting best practice form student work </li></ul><ul><li>Role play / discuss case studies for recap of difficult concepts </li></ul>
  13. 13. BREAK FROM ME <ul><li>Over 2 U – active learning in practice </li></ul><ul><li>5 min’s in small groups collating ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>You are the experts, not me. You are doing it already? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss how could your current practice be moved to the online domain? Wiki, blog, Moodle, Web 2.0, etc. </li></ul>
  14. 14. PART 2.0 Active learning tools <ul><li>Moodle </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>This video will help explain the concept: </li></ul>
  15. 15. MOODLE MOODLE VLE. based on the pedagogy of social / collaborative learning. Online communities of practice. REF: A Wiki that can automatically create images from the subheadings! Useful for visual learners or improving accessibility?
  16. 16. MOODLE You already have a suite of active learning tools at your disposal
  17. 17. MOODLE <ul><li>Look at all of these “activities “ you can add to a module </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with them all. You can’t break Moodle :oP </li></ul><ul><li>The Glossary works well. </li></ul><ul><li>The quizzes & surveys are fun </li></ul><ul><li>The new database tool allows ease of adding images </li></ul><ul><li>Get the students to create the resources and review them </li></ul><ul><li>The group tool allows peer review. </li></ul><ul><li>Possibilities are endless, but you must keep control and keep it live, focussed and fun. </li></ul>Moodle was created to promote creative and collaborative learning.
  18. 18. wiki <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> basic principles of making a wiki work in education, or some recent pointers </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Wikis : what & how
  19. 19. Ideas for Using Wikis to Support Learning <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A teacher could post some key revision words for students to expand into definitions / pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Students could work in groups on collaborative documents such as a group report. </li></ul><ul><li>Course notes could be refined over the duration of the course by both students and teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>Students could research new topics and contribute their findings , thereby adding to course resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher can start a writing prompt and have students add parts to create a comprehensive class writing activity. </li></ul><ul><li>A teacher could start a story and students could create links off it which would allow the story to follow different, interactive paths. </li></ul><ul><li>A wiki could be a great tool for collaboratively constructing answers to exam questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a subject specific FAQ page for each cohort. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Wikis to Support Learning NoteMesh is a free service that allows college students in the same classes to share notes with each other. It works by creating a wiki for individual classes that users can edit. Dexmo allows everyone to index and share knowledge on any academic subject, at any level and across countries. Members can vote content up or down, so the good content and members rise to the top. (in beta test stage)
  21. 21. What’s hot? <ul><li>Mike Wesch (Professor who uses Web 2.0) : the possibilities are endless. Mix and match the tools you want to use (most are free): </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>JISC funded transformation project (one of the best I’ve EVER seen): TESEP – transforming teaching & learning by moving to a student centred pedagogy. Then choose the tools to suit. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The JISC funded SPLICE project implemented social networking and collaborative wiki tools at Coleg Harlech </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  22. 22. Where next for us? <ul><li>Models of best practice in collaboration for you to use </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Access the JISC pedagogic planner to help you adapt your current best practice in to the online domain: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Want to use web 2.0 type tools? My recent ESCalate report + my shared web links : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Where next for UK education? “ The starting point is therefore changes in pedagogy at module and programme level and in organisational process [in HE], NOT changes in tool use.” ...small incremental change s, i.e. reduce face to face time by 15 mins, replace this with the use of VLE. Ref: Richard Trigg : Warwickshire Colleges. Ref: Learning from digital natives: bridging formal and informal learning Trinder et al, 2008 . The Academy. + + + = student centred e-pedagogy