Dental History References http://www.namibiadent.com/History/HistoryDentistry.html http://www.pda.ph/history
7000 BC– First evidence of Dentistry 5000 BC - “tooth worms” as the cause of dental decay. 2600 BC - Death of Hesy-Re 1800 BC - In the 18th century BC, the Code of Hammurabi referenced dental extraction twice as it related to punishment. 166-201 AD - The Etruscans practice dental prosthetics using gold crowns and fixed bridgework.
Middle ages and The Renaissance: Beginnings of the dental profession
500-1000 - medicine, surgery, and dentistry, are generally practiced by monks . 1130-1163- barbers assume the monks’ surgical duties: bloodletting, lancing abscesses, extracting teeth, etc. 1210- A Guild of Barbers is established in France.
1530 - the first book devoted entirely to dentistry The Little Medicinal Book for All Kinds of Diseases and Infirmities of the Teeth (ArtzneyBuchlein) 1563- BatholomewEusttachius published the first accurate book on dental anatomy, 'Libellus de dentibus' 1575- In France Ambrose Pare, known as the Father of Surgery, publishes his Complete Works. 1683 - Antony van Leeuwenhoek identified oral bacteria using a microscope.
The story of dentistry: 18th Century: From toothdrawer to dentist
1723 - 'Le Chirurgien Dentiste' (The Surgeon Dentist) by Pierre Fauchard 1746- Claude Mouton describes a gold crown and post to be retained in the root canal. 1776 -first known case of post-mortem dental forensics, Paul Revere verifies the death of his friend
. 1790- Josiah Flagg, a prominent American dentist, constructs the first chair made specifically for dental patients.
19thCentruy: Advances in Science and Education
1825 - Samuel Stockton begins commercial manufacture of porcelain teeth. ( S.S. White. ) 1830’s-1890’sThe 'Amalgam War' 1831- James Snell designed the firstreclining dental chair. 1839 - The American Journal of Dental Science, the world’s first dental journal, begins publication. 1839- Charles Goodyear invents the vulcanization process for hardening rubber. 1843 - First British Dental Journal was published.
1844 - Horace Wells discovered the use of nirtous oxide as anesthesia, a Connecticut dentist, discovers that nitrous oxide can be used as an anesthesia and successfully uses it to conduct several extractions in his private practice. He conducts the first public demonstration of its use as an anesthetic in 1845 but the demonstration is generally considered a failure after the patient cries out during the operatio 1846 – Discovered ether as an anesthesia another dentist (and a student of Wells), William Morton
1859- American Dental Association was founded. 1880 - British Dental Association founded. 1890- Willoughby Miller an American dentist in Germany, notes the microbial basis of dental decay 1895 - Wilhelm Roentgen (1845 - 1923), discovers the x-ray. 1896 - Greene Vardiman Black principles of cavity preparation. 1899 - Edward Hartley Angle classifies the various forms of malocclusion
1900 - Federation DentaireInternationale (FDI) is founded. 1901- Novocaine was introduced as a local anaestheticby Alfred Einhorn. In 1905 Einhorn formulates the local anesthetic procain, later marketed under the trade name Novocain. 1913- Alfred C. Fones opens the Fones Clinic For Dental Hygienists in Bridgeport, Connecticut, the world’s first oral hygiene school. Father of Dental Hygiene.
1930–1943 - Frederick S. McKay, a Colorado dentist, is convinced that brown stains (mottling) on his patients’ teeth are related to their water supply. 1937- Alvin Strock inserts the first Vitallium dental screw implant. 1950’s- The first fluoride toothpastes are marketed.
1957 - John Bordern introduces the high-speed air-driven contra-angle handpiece
St Apollonia the Patron Saint of Dentistry
Philippine Dental History Capital Jose Arevalo, popularly known as Capitan Cheng- Cheng is the First Filipino Dentist 1858 - Monsieur M. Fertri,
Spanish regime practice of dentistry was popularly known as the profession of the sacamuelas or tooth pullers. special course was established in the University of Santo Tomas for cirujanosministrantes which was eventually changed to cirujanodentistas
American Regime Major General Elwell Otis, authorized the then Provost Marshall General to determine the fitness of those who were already practicing dentistry 1903, passed the famous Act No. 593 Sociedad dental de Filipinas was organized Colegio Dental del Liceo de Manila was the first dental school and later renamed as the Philippine Dental College
University of the Philippines (1915), National University, Centro Escolar University (1925) and the Manila College of Dentistry (1929). 1929 Philippine Legislature passed a law known as Act No. 3538 lengthening the dental course from three to four years and in 1930 enacted a reciprocity provision forbidding foreign dentists from practicing in the Philippines if they came from countries which did not grant same privilege to Filipino dentists.
1936, the United States’ dental education adopted a minimum two-year pre-dental course as a pre-requirement for the study of dentistry.
Japanese Regime Filipino Dentists became inactive
After the Japanese Regime Philippine Dental Association was established 1948, the Philippine College of Dental Medicine was opened and later renamed as the College of Dentistry of the University of the East. Visayan Islands three institutions were founded. These were: Southwestern Colleges, Iloilo City Colleges and the University of San Agustin.
1948, the Congress of the Philippines enacted H.B. 2783 and was signed into Republic Act No. 417 by President ElpidioQuirino. This law specifically provided for practical tests in the dental board examinations; imposed a two-year pre-dental course as admission requirement for the study of dentistry set and increased the penal provision for illegal practice of dentistry; and effected changes in the qualifications and tenure of office and duties of the members of the Board of Dental Examiners.