Introduction. Synthesis & types of PlasticsStatistics.Impact on Marine Life.Environmental Effect.Disadvantages.Measures To Be Taken.5 – R’sPlastic management in India.Summation.
WHAT IS PLASTIC AND ITS TYPES• Plastic is a chemically produced substance that can be molded into a permanent object.• TYPES: Thermoplastic Polymer. Thermosetting Polymer. SYNTHESIS OF PLASTICS Oxygen,170 deg. C Ethylene Polythene 1000 atm
• The per capita consumption of plastic in the country stood at 6 kg now and is expected to go up to 12 kg by 2011.• By 2012, India is also projected to be the third largest consumer market for plastic goods with a consumption of 12.5 million tonnes per annum, behind US and China
How does plastic wasteimpact our oceans?
Seattle, WA - Gray Whale Necropsy - April 19, 2010 20 plastic bags
86% 43% 44%(Derraik, 2002)
Ocean currents carry them and form huge whirlpools (gyres) of plastic. Have youheard of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch? An island of plastic 6 times the size ofVietnam.
From Sea to Summit Recap - PollutantsPLASTICSGreat Pacific Garbage Patch• a gyre of marine debris in Central North Pacific Ocean.(gyre: a swirling vortex created by large ocean currents)• over 300,000 pieces of plastic/sq. mile• Twice the size of Texas and growing• plastic outnumbers plankton 6 to 1.• 80% of plastic from land-based sources, 20% from ships• plastic longevity ranges from 100 - 1000 years
Plastic bags pose a serious danger to birds and marine animals that often mistakethem for food. Thousands of marine animals and more than 1 million birds die eachyear as a result of plastic pollution. Also, plastic is toxic.
Disadvantages of Plastic Bottles Non- Decomposition Hard to Reuse Renewable Difficult to Threat to Toxic Recycle Animals5/26/2012 11
How do we solve this problem together?
ALTERNATIVES• Plastic bags take between 15 to 1000 years to degrade.The detoxins and other chemical pollutants released fromthem are a Serious Threat to be Tackled.• Paper , Cloth, Jute, Cane, etc.,are the most preferable but stillcontroversialwww.manavata.org
Plastics From Garbage!• Recently scientists have made a green polymer from plastics thrown in the garbage which will prevent dumping of post consume plastics in the landfills.• Banning plastics is not the real motto to save the environment but the motto is to make plastics in producing wide varieties of products.5/26/2012 14
5-R for Plastics!!• Refuse• Reduce• Reuse• Recycle• Rebuy5/26/2012 15
REFUSE, REDUCE, REUSE… then RECYCLE THINK TWICE•Do you really need a bag for your bag of chips?•Ask the waiter to wrap in foil instead of Styrofoam•Ask for “no straw”•Don’t buy things with excess packaging•Buy the can instead of the plastic bottle•Shop at the local farmer’s markets•Bring your own salsa/jam jar to parties. Its free!
Plastic Waste Management in India Categories :• Primary recycling.• Secondary recycling.• Tertiary recycling.• Quaternary recycling. “ The BMCs proposal, which is being scrutinized by its legal cell before being forwarded to the Maharashtra government, suggests a fine of Rs 5 to Rs 10 on anyone found carrying material in bags that of less than 50 microns thickness.”
BRING YOUR OWN• WATER BOTTLE (stainless steel)• BAG• CUP• TUPPERWARE• SILVERWEAR• REUSE A GLASS JAR
Spread the Word…with a SMILEShare what you’ve learned• Lead by example• Ask your friends and family to join you• Speak to city council• Write letters to government officials• Get your school involved• And come to the Plastics Are Forever Youth summit in 2011!