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  • 1. Ancient Rome SOL 3.1, 3.5, 3.7
  • 2. The ancient Roman civilization shares:
    • A written language
    • A system of government
    • Advances in arts and sciences
    • A common culture
  • 3. Physical Characteristics
    • Ancient Rome was….
    • Next to the Mediterranean Sea
    • It covered parts of Europe, Asia and Africa
    • A peninsula
    • Rocky and mountainous
    • Built on hills
    • Next to the Tiber River
  • 4. Representative Democracy
    • Citizens (wealthy men) voted for representatives to make laws for them.
    • Laws applied to everyone.
    • We use a representative democracy in America today!
  • 5. Adaptations to the Environment
    • Ancient Romans adapted to their mountainous land by
    • Growing olives and grapes
    • Having small farms on terraced hillsides
    • Trading on the Mediterranean Sea
  • 6. Jobs of the Romans
    • Farmers
    • Road builders
    • Traders
  • 7. Architecture
    • Romans used
    • arches
    • in buildings, bridges and aqueducts.
  • 8. Aqueducts were designed to pump water in to the city. The water was used for humans and for irrigation.
  • 9. Road Building
    • The Romans created a network of paved highways. This joined the empire together and allowed soldiers to move swiftly from one area to another.
  • 10. Roman Art
    • Roman artists created:
    • Pottery
    • Jewelry
    • Tools
    • Mosaics were a special art form that used small pieces of tile, glass or stone.
  • 11. Religion
    • The Romans began by worshipping different gods and goddesses (like the Greeks), but eventually become Christians.
  • 12. Ancient Romans also….
    • Changed our calendar to 365 days and named the months
    • Gave us 1/3 of our English language
    • Used Roman numerals that we still see today on clocks, watches, and in books
    • I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X
  • 13. The People of Ancient Rome
    • Men were citizens
    • Women were caretakers
    • Boys were educated
    • Girls learned handicrafts and household chores
    • What would you be doing in Ancient Rome?
  • 14. Be able to locate Italy , Rome and the Mediterranean Sea on a map. Study and you will be REALLY ROMAN!