An introduction to editingEditing is a process of selecting from different shots and joining themtogether to tell a story.What is elliptical editing for example the character is waking up this tellsus she has been asleep it allows you to move the story more quickly andtakes up less time on screenWhy are long shots used? To show you were someone isNon – diagetic sound is a note of music playing under the sound of naturethe music isn’t actually playing the character cant hear it but the viewerscan.How do we know she bending down to pick up her ring? The camera showsyou her ring first before she bends down.What shots and why? And it’s a quicker wayHustleOverhead establishing shot – what does this achieve?The camera begins cutting back and fourth between to characters that aretalking showing you they are in conversation with each otherShot reverse shot is The director using shot reverse shot, it achieves eyeline matching the big man standing up and the seated man looks off screenand up, you can see by their eyes they are looking at each other.• Why do we cut to the other members of the group?We cut to the other members of the group because shaun the main chartherlays out the plan, the editor could of of chosen to stay on the single shot ofhim but the editor cut to different members of the gang, so we can see theirreactions about the plan and to each otherWhat is a wipe? A slick transition when you move the action to adifferent location and time.• What is the effect of using quick cuts? The effect of using quickcuts is cutting to different locations.
The Invisible ArtHow can editing build tension and pace?Because it makes shots shorter, the shot changes change placefrom different characters, and close up of them as well it buildstension because by the end it makes the shot shorter and morefrequent also• What is crosscutting?When you cross back and fourth from the two characterscomparing their progress up the cliff for the viewers to see.• What are reaction shots?The anxious audience reaction shot• What is seamless editing?Is we don’t really notice the work of the editor• What is a jump cut? - The man is hitting something big, then thecamera goes down to the smaller object on the floor so it lookslike he has broken it, this is known as a jump cut.• what is a flash back and what does it achieve? – Flash back takesthe audience from one point in time to another; they are often usedto show back-stories, going back in a person life showing howthey got where they are now.Playing with time.At the start of the video theirs a long shot then, there is a close up of thecouple on the motor bike, then it flashes back to a clip were the girl is allalone in a woods, and she’s having flash backs in her on the motor bike,with her husband, it keeps going back and fourth to when she was with him
to now when she is by herself in the woods. There is a close up of the girllooking at her weeding ring.Then there is another close up of her throwing paper into the fire.There’s a close up of her in the caravan and she lifts up the blanket and shestarts screaming. It then goes back to her by herself and the camera is closeup so you can only see her face, then a long shot of the sea, and as it gets tothe end she walks towards the sea and it fades out.Aspects of being an editor and what other peoples the editor works withand the skills needed.The aspects of being an editor is to ensure that the story goes correct frombeginning to end, each of the shots done is carefully chosen and editedproperly, which then are created to finish the film.Being an editor is a challenging and rewarding job. Editors work long hoursthey are usually also under pressure in an editing suite or cutting room.Some editors work on television drama and also featured films.A Job of an editor is they work closely with the director before the shootingstarts, deciding the potential of the screenplay. Editors check all thetechnical standards and make sure the story is correct and the actorsperformances are good, editors must be able to maintain a good sense ofhow the story is going to unfold they select the best takes and then putthem together to make scenes.During the production of the filming the editor and director work togetherto know when to edit the directors cut, which is approved by the producers.Editor’s start of their careers by being runners to trainees and secondassistants & first assistants then they eventually become editors. Becauseof all the changes in the film industry caused by digital editing techniques,this career progression is less easy to follow but it is still possible to workas a trainee and second assistants are only employed on big budget films.The editors also must trust their assistants they may allow them to learnand demonstrate and edit some sections of the film.Editors must have a degree of technical aptitude and good experience ofthe postproduction process. Because most films now are edited oncomputers they must be able to use and understand the variety of differentcomputer equipment used to edit, they should also understand dramaticstorytelling and rhythm, and also they should have the ability to workunder pressure, excellent commutation skills good imagination ofunderstanding narrative, another skill ability to learn, patience goodorganizational skills & they should know the requirements of the relevanthealth and safety legislation and procedures.
The training and qualifications, there are no specific qualifications arerequired for editors (film television and freelance training) because theindustry provides training for all job roles, including editing and providesyou with a short course training opportunities. Also short courses forspecializing in assistant editing for digital cutting rooms is a useful startingpoint and there are courses available for this as well.