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    All brooklyn brooklyn_neighborhood_report_3-12-12 All brooklyn brooklyn_neighborhood_report_3-12-12 Presentation Transcript

    • Brooklyn Neighborhood ReportsDemographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement All Brooklyn Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts 2012
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic EngagementFrom the Director Center for TheGretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of BrooklynBrooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part Study of Brooklynof New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 Staffneighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods. DirectorIt’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklyn- Gretchen Manevalbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such datain order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively Senior Research Associateto the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically Lorna Masonrelevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with ourcommunity partners. Research Associate Edward MorlockEach of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyn- include over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Research AssociateData Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Christina PisanoCenter’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Advisory BoardBrooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate Willard Archieunderstanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at theCommunity District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for Brooklyn College Alumnuseducational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Joan BartolomeoOpportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn Economic Development CorporationBrooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. Adam FriedmanAs the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the Pratt Center for Community Developmentincredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials,improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we can- Marilyn Gelberplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s Brooklyn Community Foundationcollective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power! Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health CoalitionFrom the Brooklyn Community FoundationM G ,P arilyn elber resident Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of CommerceInformation is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas Christobal Jacquesserving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and Brooklyn District Public Health Office,challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygienecritical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use Stuart P. Leffleras a tool for informed decision-making. Con EdisonThe Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable Jerrold Mirotzniknew resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we Brooklyn Collegecan begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform Mohammad Razvithe Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the Council of Peoples Organizationground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic EngagementSpecial ThanksBoard of Directors and StaffBrooklyn Community FoundationEric CadoraJustice Mapping Center In This ReportKaren GouldBrooklyn CollegeIngrid Gould EllenFurman Center for Real Estate& Urban Policy Demographics ......................................................................1Carl Hum Youth & Education...............................................................3Brooklyn Chamber of CommerceMelissa Lee Economy.............................................................................. 4Coalition for the Improvement of Housing...............................................................................5Bedford-StuyvesantMarty Markowitz and Staff E nvironment .................................................................7Office of the Brooklyn Borough PresidentJarrett Murphy and Staff Health...........................................................................9City Limits Public Safety ....................................................................11Philip NoyesBrooklyn District Public Health Office, Arts & Culture..................................................................12NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Civic Engagement...............................................................13Ellen Salpeter and StaffHeart of Brooklyn Notes and Data...................................................................14William TramontanoBrooklyn CollegeElla Weiss and StaffBrooklyn Arts CouncilCover Photo SourcesBrooklyn CollegeMarc Fader, City LimitsJoe Beone, FlickrBrooklyn CollegeEssie Lash, Heart of BrooklynMarc Fader, City LimitsCAMBAAdam Lerner, FlickrJay Woodworth, Flickr About Brooklyns Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundariesBrooklyn College vary from source to source. Weve used the NYC Department of City Plannings New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the sourceBrooklyn College for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Demographics Age Gender 11.8% 65 and 12.1% Older 13.3% 12.7% 63.3% 65.2% BrooklynSource: click wrrr, Flickr 18-64 Brooklyn 63.8% NYC 62.8% NYC NY State NY State Population 15.8% National 14.5% National 6-17 Brooklyn 15.5% 16.2% NYC 9.1% NY State Brooklyn (1990) Male Female 2,551,964 2,452,377 8.1% 2,288,227 0-5 National Male Female Brooklyn (2000) 7.4% Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Brooklyn (2007/09) 8.2% Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Number of Residents Race/Ethnicity Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn’s population Brooklyn (2007/09) has increased by 11.5% New York City (2007/09) since 1990. New York State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco’s combined. Asian Black Latino White Other Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Surveywww.studybrooklyn.org 1
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) African American (17.6%) African American (13.8%) African American (15.3%) African American (11.9%) Italian (12.0%) German (11.6%) Italian (10.5%) Italian (7.0%) Religious Responses (7.4%) Puerto Rican (7.7%) Irish (9.0%) African American (9.7%) Puerto Rican (7.8%) Puerto Rican (6.0%) Puerto Rican (6.0%) Italian (7.1%) African American (8.3%) Irish (7.5%) Religious Responses (4.4%) Religious Responses (4.9%) Italian (5.8%) Dominican (6.6%) German (6.9%) Mexican (7.3%) Irish (3.7%) Chinese (4.2%) Chinese (4.7%) Chinese (4.9%) Puerto Rican (4.5%) English (6.1%) Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Top 5 Places of Birth Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) New York State (54.5%) New York State (49.3%) New York State (50.6%) New York State (49.4%) New York State (64.2%) California (8.5%) Puerto Rico (4.7%) Puerto Rico (3.4%) China (3.8%) Dominican Republic (4.3%) Dominican Republic (2.1%) New York State (6.6%) Jamaica (2.3%) China (3.0%) Jamaica (2.7%) China (3.1%) Puerto Rico (1.6%) Texas (6.0%) Russia (2.1%) Jamaica (2.9%) Haiti (2.3%) Puerto Rico (2.9%) China (1.5%) Pennsylvania (4.5%) Haiti (2.1%) Haiti (2.5%) Puerto Rico (2.3%) Mexico (2.1%) Pennsylvania (1.5%) Illinois (4.3%) Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) English (60.4%) English (53.4%) English (53.9%) English (52.3%) English (71.1%) English (80.2%) Spanish (17.7%) Spanish (17.7%) Spanish (16.9%) Spanish (24.0%) Spanish (14.0%) Spanish (12.3%) Italian (3.7%) Russian (6.0%) Chinese (5.6%) Chinese (4.9%) Chinese (2.4%) Chinese (0.9%) Yiddish (3.3%) Chinese (4.7%) Russian (5.4%) Russian (2.5%) Russian (1.3%) Filipino/Tagalog (0.5%) Chinese (2.9%) 100% Yiddish (3.0%) Yiddish (3.7%) Italian (1.4%) Italian (1.2%) French (0.5%) Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey 90% Foreign Born 80% Foreign Born Citizenship Status Language 70% Citizen 18.1% Brooklyn (1990) 60% 41.6 47.4% 42.9% Brooklyn Not A Citizen 51.4% 52.0% 15.8% 15.6% Brooklyn (2000) 50% 55.2% Citizen Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09) 41.6 47.4% 51.4% 52.0% 42.9% Brooklyn 13.2% 12.9% 40% 55.2% 12.2% 12.3% Brooklyn (2000) NYC (2007/09) Not A Citizen Brooklyn (2007/09) 30% NY State (2007/09) NYC/NYS/Natl 9.4% Citizen 8.3% NYC (2007/09) National (2007/09) 20% 58.4 52.6% 57.1% 7.0% 48.6% 48.0% NY State (2007/09) 44.8% NYC/NYS/Natl 10%58.4 Not A Citizen 4.7% 4.8% National (2007/09) 52.6% 57.1% 44.8% 48.6% 48.0% 0% CD 14 (2000) Residents Who Dont Speak English Well Households Where No Person 14 years or at All or Older Speaks English Very Well Foreign Born Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey 2007/09 American Community Surveywww.studybrooklyn.org 2
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Youth & Education Public and Private School Enrollment Disconnected Youth 15.3% 11.1% 15.0% 10.9% 13.2% 9.7% 21.0% 21.7% 20.7% 18.5% 20.5% 17.7% 24.5% 11.1% 10.9% 9.7% 15.3% 15.0% 13.2% Brooklyn (1990)53.2% 24.5% 21.0% 21.7% 20.7% 18.5% 20.5% 17.7% Bro 42.5% 43.5% 44.7% 45.2% Brooklyn (2000) 53.2% BroSource: vige, Flickr Brooklyn (2007/09) 90.3% 79.0% 84.7% 88.9% 78.3% 79.3% 85.0% 89.1% 81.5% 79.5% 82.3% 86.8% 100% Bro21.9% 75.5% 24.4% 90% 90.3% NYC (2007/09) 24.9% 26.4% 27.6% 84.7% 88.9% 80% 85.0% 89.1% 82.3% 86.8% 75.5% 79.0% 70% 78.3% 79.3% 81.5% 79.5% NY 60%Capacity of Public Early Childhood 21.9% 50% NY State (2007/09) 40% 30% 20% National (2007/09)NYPrograms and Eligible Children24.9% 33.1% 31.6% 28.9% 27.2% 24.9% 10% 0% Disconnected Youth NatEnrolled (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) Natl Bklyn NYC(2009) (2009) (2009) NYS Natl Bklyn NYC NYS Natl Bklyn Bklyn NYC Bklyn Bklyn NYS NYC Natl NYS (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) Natl Bklyn NYC NYS Natl Bklyn Bklyn Bklyn NYC (2000) (2009) (2009) (2009) NYC NYS Natl Bklyn Bklyn NYS Natl (2009) NYC NYS Natl (2000) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 Preschool Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 Preschool Grades 9-12 Disconnected Youth 50.6 Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; Brooklyn Not Enrolled NYC/NYS/Natl Not Enrolled Brooklyn (2011) Public Private Not Enrolled 2007/09 American Community Survey Brooklyn Private NYC/NYS/Natl Private Brooklyn Public NYC/NYS/Natl Public 23.0 Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students (i.e. those students not in school). not in school and not working. 2.4 Infant/Toddler Preschool Group Universal Pre-K Graduation, Drop Out, and Group Day Care Day Care (Seats per 100 Educational Attainment (Seats per 100 (Seats per 100 Children Age 4) Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates Children Under Children Age 3-4) Age 25 and Older Age 3)Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department 73.4%of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American CommunitySurvey 58.8% 61.0% 48.2% 50.4% 32.1% Brooklyn 30.0% NYC Brooklyn (2011) 21.5% NY State NYC (2011) 17.8% 12.3% 12.1% 9.0% 8.9% Less than a High School Degree or than a High School DegreeHigher Less Bachelors Degree or or Bach n/a n/a n/a Less than a Equivalent GED School Degree or Less than a High School Degree or GED Equivalent or Higher Bachelors Degree or Higher Bachelors Degree Less than a High School Degree or thanGED Equivalent Less GED EquivalentDegree Higher Bachelors Degree or Higher a High School Bachelors Degree or or Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students College High School Seniors Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) % in Subsidized % in Head Start GED Equivalent GED Equivalent (1990) Br (2010/11) (2010/11) Ready (2010/11) Enrolled in College Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in Brooklyn (1990) (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2000) (2007/09) NY (2010/11) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) (Age 5 and Under Poverty) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) (2000) (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) NY State (2000) NYC (2007/09) Na Below 200% Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) National (2007/09) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; NYS Department of Education; College Ready State (2007/09) NY is NY State (2007/09) National National (2007/09) Poverty) determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; the MathA Regents Exams. In all cases data are for public high schools in Brooklyn, NYC or NY American Community Survey 2007/09 American Community Survey State. www.studybrooklyn.org 3
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Economy Investment Income Brooklyn (1990) Income for Individuals $2,457 Median Invesment $2,355 Brooklyn (2000) $2,033 Median Household Income Poverty Brooklyn (2007/09) $2,430 NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) $2,026 NY State (2007/09) $2,026 Brooklyn (2000) National (2007/09) $42,444 Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09) Age 15 and Up with Investment Income $41,219 Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) $42,444 NYC (2007/09) $43,755 Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) (2007/09)Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 Brooklyn Data $41,219 NY State American Community Survey NYC (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) (2007/09) NYC $43,755 National $50,825 NY State NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Investment income includes money earned $55,908 National National (2007/09) $50,825 from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, $51,658 $55,908 and/or rental income. Living in Poverty Children (Under Age 18) Living $51,658 Living in Poverty Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty in Poverty Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Income for Individuals Community Survey Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey $2,547 Median Invesment $2,355 Brooklyn (1990) Income for Individuals $2,457 Median Invesment $2,355 $2,033 Brooklyn (2000) $2,033 Brooklyn (2007/09) $2,430 All monetary figures in this report are The percent of people living in poverty in Brooklyn $2,026 $2,430 $2,026 NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) adjusted for inflation to reflect has decreased by 0.9 percentage points $2,026 $2,026 National (2007/09) 2010 dollars. since 1990; the percent of children living in poverty Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 has decreased by 2.6 percentage points. American Community Survey Jobs Brooklyn (1990) Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) Nurse/Home Health Aide Nurse/Home Health Aide Nurse/Home Health Aide Administrative Assistant Administrative Assistant Brooklyn (2000) NY State (2007/09) (2007/09) NYC 4.9% ($24,862) 5.2% ($23,139) 3.7% ($24,191) 3.2% ($32,258) 2.8% ($28,398) Brooklyn (2007/09) Administrative Assistant National (2007/09) State (2007/09) NY Administrative Assistant Administrative Assistant Elem/Middle School Teacher Elem/Middle School Teacher 3.8% ($36,639) 3.3% ($33,545) 3.1% ($36,813) 2.8% ($52,858) 2.5% ($43,554) NYC (2007/09) National (2007/09) Elem/Middle School Teacher Elem/Middle School Teacher Janitor Nurse/Home Health Aide Retail Salesperson NY State (2007/09) 2.8% ($45,799) 2.6% ($50,825) 2.6% ($26,429) 2.5% ($23,455) 2.4% ($17,220) National (2007/09) Retail Salesperson Janitor Retail Salesperson Retail Salesperson Cashierge 16 and Up in the Labor Force % of the Labor Force Who Are 2.2% ($19,628) 2.6% ($26,429) 2.4% ($20,258) 2.4% ($18,232) 2.3% ($9,887) Unemployed Office Clerk Retail Salesperson Elem/Middle School Teacher Cashier Truck Driver Age 16 and Up in the Labor Force % of the Labor Force Who Are 2.2% ($28,788) 2.4% ($20,330) 2.2% ($53,875) 2.2% ($9,758) 2.2% ($33,657) Unemployedor Force % of the Labor Force Who Are Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Unemployed Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed. www.studybrooklyn.org 4
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement s Housing Index of Housing Price Appreciation (2-4 Family Buildings) 196.8Source: Yvonne Bowens, Flickr 136.6 194.3 100.0 135.0 Total Households The median sales price per unit in 2-4 family 78.3 72.0 100.0 buildings in Brooklyn has increased 53.1%, 74.2 69.7 Brooklyn from $155,077 in 2000 to $237,500 in 2010. NYC Brooklyn (1990) 889,957 878,924 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 825,832 Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality. Number of Households Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Foreclosures Housing Burden of OwnersOwners and Renters Brooklyn 25.2 Brooklyn 26.1% 27.2% 30.3% 21.8 33.5% NYC (20 55.4% 66.5% Owners Brooklyn (1993) NY State Renters 100% Brooklyn (2000) Nationa NYC/NYS/Natl 90% 73.9% 72.8% 69.7% 66.5% Owners 11.0 Brooklyn (2010) 80% NYC/NYS/Natl 70% 44.6% Owners Paying 30% or More of Owners Paying 50% or M 33.5% Renters 8.1 NYC (2010) Owners Paying 30% 30% or of ofOwners Owners on50%More of or More of Paying 50% or M Owners Paying 30%More More of Owners Paying or or More Owners Paying 30% or 50% of Owners Income Paying More 60% 50% Owners Paying Housing Paying 50% or or More of Income on Housing Income on Housing Income on Housing Income on Housing Housing Income on Income on Housing Income on Housing 40% Owners Paying 30% or More of Owners Paying 50%Housing of Income on or More Income on Housing 30% Income on Housing Income on Housing 20% Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn ( 10% Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn ( NY State NYC (2007/09) National (2007/09) NYNY State (2007/09) State NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) State ( NY 0% CD 14 (2000) Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 NYC (2007/09) National (2007/09) National (2007/09) NY State National (2007/09)Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 Family Properties National (2007/09)American Community Survey Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; 2007/09 American Community Survey www.studybrooklyn.org 5
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing Housing Violations Brooklyn (1990) 49.8% $1,002 $1,047 Brooklyn (1990) 66.4 64.1 $1,047 $952 Brooklyn (2000) 45.2% 43.6% $1,002 Brooklyn (2000) $868 $952 $803 $868 $810 Brooklyn (2007/09) 54.6 $803 $810 Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2005) NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) Brooklyn (2009) Brooklyn (2000) National (2007/09) National (2007/09) 18.3% 18.4% 15.7% Brooklyn (2010) NYC (2009) NYC (2010) Median Gross Rent Median Gross Rent Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Serious Housing Code Survey Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units Violations per 1,000 Rental Units Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy Since 1990, there has been a 24.8% increase in Median Gross Rent in Brooklyn. Housing Burden of Renters Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) National (2007/09) Renters Paying 30% or More of Renters Paying 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent Renters Paying 30% or More of Renters Paying 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; 2007/09 American Community Survey Source: Marc Fader, City Limitswww.studybrooklyn.org 6
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Environment Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio Transportation to Work Brooklyn (2010) 1 mile Brooklyn Bike Lanes 13.7 miles Brooklyn Streets NYC (2010) 1 mile 19.0 miles NYC Bike Lanes NYC StreetsSource: David Berkowitz, Flickr Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Planning Brooklyn Walks or Rides Bike Takes Public Transp Walks or RidesWalks or Rides Bike Bike Walks Takes Public Transportation Transportation or Rides Bike Takes Public Drives Takes Public Transportation Drives (2010) Walks or Rides Bike Walks or Rides Bike Brooklyn (2007/09) (1990) (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) Takes Public Transportation Drives Brooklyn NYC Takes Public Transportation Walks or Rides Bike (1990) Takes Public Transportation Brooklyn Brooklyn (2000) Drives NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) Drives NYBrooklyn (2000) State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) Brooklyn Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) (2007/09) NYC Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) NY State (2007/09) (2007/09) NY State Brooklyn (2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn National (2007/09) ( National There are 134.5 miles of bike lanes in Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2000) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn National (2007/09) National (2007/09) National (2007/09) Brooklyn, compared to 1,844.1 Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Access to Parks miles of streets. 0 20 86.0% 87.7% Community Gardens Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park There are 204 community In 2011, there were 3,754 Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy gardens in Brooklyn, which requests for new trees in is 42% of the total 483 Brooklyn, and 9,857 in all of Community Gardens in New York City. New York City. Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)www.studybrooklyn.org 7
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Garbage and Recycling Collection Environmental Complaints 37.6 2,914 2,660 8,565 Tons 2,660 2,914 Tons 8,565 Tons Tons Tons Tons Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected 26.8 Asthma Per Day for Disposal Brooklyn (2001) 14.2% 13.4% Brooklyn: % Garbage Brooklyn (2011) 11.6% 11.3% 12.6% 83.2% 85.6% 84.6% Brooklyn: % Garbage Brooklyn (2002/04) Brooklyn: % Recycling NYC (2011) Brooklyn: % Recycling 10.3 Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC: % Garbage 8.0 7.7 6.2 NYC (2007/09) 15.4% NYC: % Recycling 16.8% 14.4% NY State (2007/09) 16.8% 14.4% 15.4% Brooklyn Brooklyn NYC National (2007/09) Brooklyn Brooklyn (2005) (2011) NYC (2011) Air Complaints per Noise Complaints per (2005) (2011) (2011) 10,000 People 10,000 People National (2007/09) NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Adults with Asthma Data Source: Statistics Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Sites of Environmental ConcernCD 14 (2005) Elevated Blood Lead Levels In 2011, an average of 2.1 18.1 pounds of garbage and Brooklyn (2001) recycling were collected per Brooklyn (2009) person each day in Brooklyn. 4.8 4.0 NYC (2009) Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest www.studybrooklyn.org 8
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic EngagementBrooklyn United Hospital FundNeighborhoods Health Self-Reported Health Status Fruits and Vegetables Brooklyn (2002/04) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Brooklyn (2002/04) Fair or Poor Good Very Good Excellent Brooklyn (2007/09) n/a n/a n/a n/a NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2002/04) No Servings per Day per Day (2002) Brooklyn (2009) Day 1-4 ServingsBrooklyn 5 or More Servings per Brooklyn (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Brooklyn (2002) NYC (2009) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2009) NY State (2009) NY State (2007/09) Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National (2007/09) NYC (2009) National (2009) NY State (2009) Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental National (2009) Hygiene; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention There are11 United Hospital Fund NeighborhoodsFair or Poor Good Very Good Excellent n/a n/a n/a n/ain Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip Physical Activity Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings percodes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC Good Very Good Excellent n/a n/a n/a n/a Day 19.0%DOHMH are presented for the entire borough or No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per 17.9% 18.7% Day BrooNew York City in this All Brooklyn report. 16.5% 16.2% 15.4% 15.7% Broo 69.6% 72.7% 66.5% 14.2% NYC 12.0% 12.3% NY St Brooklyn (2002/03) Natio Health Insurance Brooklyn (2008/09) NYC (2008/09) Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days 19.0% 18.7% 17.9% Brooklyn (2002/04) NY State (2009) 16.5% 16.2% Cigarette Smoking Binge Drinking Brooklyn (2007/09) National (2009) 19.0% 15.4% 15.7% Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene 17.9% 18.7% 14.2% Brooklyn (2002/04) NYC (2007/09) 16.5% 16.2% Brooklyn (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) 15.4% 15.7% 12.0% 12.3% Uninsured Medicaid Recipients 14.2% NYC (2007/09) National (2007/09) Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey 12.0% 12.3% Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers for NY State (2007/09) Disease Control and Prevention National (2007/09)www.studybrooklyn.org 9
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (2007) HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths NYC (2007) Mortality NY State (2007) Obesity and Diabetes 56.9 National (2007) 56.9 45.8 45.8 56.9 Bro 7.8 7.6 56.9 40.045.8 40.0 7.1 7.2 Bro 6.9 6.7 6.8 45.8 40.0 40.0 Brooklyn (2002/04) 5.2 5.4 5.5 Brooklyn (2002/04) NYC Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) 17.4 17.4 Nati NYC (2007/09) 17.4 NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) 17.4 National (2007/09) National (2007/09) HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Popula HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population Brooklyn (1994) 9 HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births Brooklyn (2002) Br Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (1998/2000) 8 HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population Brooklyn (1994) Brooklyn9(2007/09) Brooklyn (2002) NYC (2009) Brooklyn (2009) Na Brooklyn (2007) Brooklyn (2002) NYC (2007) Brooklyn (1998/2000) NYC (2007/09) 7 Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) National (2009) 8 Brooklyn (2007) NY State (2007) Brooklyn (2007/09) NY State (2007) NYC (2009) Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; National (2009) 6 NYC (2007) National (2007) NYC (2007/09) National7(2007) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention NY State (2007) NY State (2007) 5 9.8 6 National (2007) National (2007) Obesity Diabetes Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; NYS Department of Health; 4 Obesity Diabetes 8.0 5 9.8 7.8 7.6 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 6.9 7.1 6.8 7.2 4 3 36.4 8.0 7.8 6.9 7.1 7.6 7.2 5.2 6.8 5.4 5.5 Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers 2 36.4 Brooklyn (2002) 3 for Disease Control and Prevention 5.2 5.4 5.5 1 Brooklyn(2002) Brooklyn (2009) 2 Brooklyn (2009) 0 NYC (2009) 1 Mortality Rate per 1,000 Infant Mortality Rate per NYC (2009) Population 1,000 Live Births 0 Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population Mortality Rate per 1,000 Infant Mortality Rate per Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births 1,000 Live Births 16.0 16.0 14.5 Disabilities Population Mental Health 14.5 Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births 813 769 HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS Living with HIV/AIDS Brooklyn (2003/2004) NYC (2003/04) Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses Cognitive Disability (Age 5+) Visual Disability Hearing Disability and deaths have declinedCognitive Disability (Age 5+) Visual Disability Hearing Disability Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) NY State (2009) National (2009) in Brooklyn since 2002, Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) NY State (2009) National (2009) Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults 89.5% of new diagnoses Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey Data Source: NYS Department of Health and 93.7% of deaths are of persons of color.www.studybrooklyn.org 10
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Public Safety Crime and Stop & Frisk 81.3 Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2001) 69.2 69.6 Brooklyn (2010) In 2009, a total of NYC (2010) 2,948 adults from 45.4Source: Violette79, Flickr Brooklyn were admitted to prisonDomestic Violence 23.9 at a projected cost 20.3 of $305,937,840 32.1 29.7 8.0 12.2 8.0 12.9 12.7 over the term of 5.1 7.8 Brooklyn (2011) 4.6 n/a n/a their sentences. NYC (2011) Violent Crime Property Crime Felony Crime Stop & Frisk (2009) Rates per 1,000 Population Domestic Violence-Related Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Police Responses per 1,000 Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes. PopulationData Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita Prison Admissions 2.10 $206 1.98 2.00 $192 $190Hate Crimes 0.4 Brooklyn (2009) Brooklyn (2009) 0.3 NYC (2009) NYC (2009) Brooklyn (2011) NY State (2009) NY State (2009) NYC (2011) Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Hate Crimes per 10,000 Age 18-59 Adult Population Population Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data.Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that NYC-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that NYC-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison may be under-represented. admission rates may be under-represented.www.studybrooklyn.org 11
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Arts & Culture Registered Citywide Events Arts & Culture Organizations Arts & Culture Funding $6.26 $3.43 Brooklyn (2010) NYC (2010) Arts & Culture Funding per Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination Person and Management (2010) Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011) Cultural Activities Rating In 2010, a total of $8,777,478 was granted to 282 arts organizations in 14.8% 15.9% Brooklyn by the New York State Council Brooklyn (2008) There are 716 arts & culture on the Arts and the New York City NYC (2008) organizations in Brooklyn. Department of Cultural Affairs. Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations Arts & Culture Employment 4.8% Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry 4.8% 4.7% Brooklyn (2000) 4.7% Brooklyn (2000) 3.4% 3.1% Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) 3.4% 3.1% Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Designer (9.6%) Designer (13.7%) Designer (11.6%) Designer (10.2%) Designer (9.5%) 1.7% NYC (2007/09) 1.7% NY State (2007/09) Editor (8.1%) Artist (7.6%) Editor (5.9%) Manager (5.8%) Manager (6.0%) NY State (2007/09) Manager (5.4%) Artist (5.0%) Artist (4.9%) Artist (7.0%) Editor (6.3%) National (2007/09) National (2007/09) Writer (5.0%) Manager (5.6%) Artist (5.2%) Editor (4.9%) Musician (4.2%)% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry % Workers in Arts & Culture Industry Manager (4.1%) Producer/Director (5.2%) Musician (5.1%) Writer (4.6%) Writer (3.3%) Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Surveywww.studybrooklyn.org 12
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Civic Engagement Voting Campaign Donations for NYC Elections Total Campaign Donations for 2009 NYC Elections 100.0% $156,494,549 From Brooklyn 4.5% $6,982,933 From NYC (excluding Brooklyn) 85.7% $134,164,997 From NY State (excluding NYC) 5.5% $8,583,921 From Other U.S. States (excluding NY State) 4.3% $6,762,698Source: Vincent Desjardins, Flickr Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as Citizens Age 18 and All Age 18 and Registered Voters Above Registered Above Registered Who Voted in 2008 voters are not removed from rolls until they to Vote (2011) to Vote (2011) Presidential Election have not voted in two major elections. 311 Requests 27.5 Brooklyn NYC NY State 19.4 Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government Brooklyn (2004) Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research 15.1% Brooklyn (2011) 13.2% 5.2 NYC (2011) 12.6% 311 Requests-for-Service per Census Mail Response 9.6% 10.8% 10.6% 9.2% Bro 100 Population 8.7% 9.0% 9.0% Bro 74.0% 74.0% 7.6% 7.6% Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and 69.0% 69.0% Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) 15.1% Bro Telecommunications 63.0% 63.0% 58.0% 58.0% NYC 54.0% 54.0% Brooklyn (2010) Brooklyn (2010) 13.2% NY 12.6% 15.1% Nat NYC (2010) NYC (2010) 10.8% 10.6% 13.2% NY State (2010) NY State (2010) 9.2% 9.6%12.6% Brooklyn (1990) 8.7% 9.0% 9.0% National (2010) National (2010) 7.6% 10.8% 7.6% Brooklyn (2000) 10.6% Employed by a Non-Profit Employed by Local Government Brooklyn (2007/09) 9.6% 9.2% Brooklyn (1990) 8.7% 9.0% 9.0% NYC (2007/09) Average Census MailMail Response Rate Average Census Response Rate Brooklyn (2000) NY State (2007/09) 7.6% 7.6% Brooklyn (2007/09) National (2007/09) Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau NYC (2007/09) Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)www.studybrooklyn.org 13
    • Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012 Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Data Sources Notes Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available). Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations. Data Notes Your Ideas Are Welcome! A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood includes comprehensive definitions of each Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Reports, the methodology for calculating that Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and so that we can make the relevant changes right away. lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also Released: March 12, 2012 includes detailed data source citations.www.studybrooklyn.org 14