SWK 4440Social Work Intervention with Groups Toseland, R. and Rivas, R. (2009). An Introduction to Group Work Practice (6th ed.) Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter One: Introduction Chapter Two: Historical Developments
Social Group Work Practice Generalist Practice Framework Based on comprehensive assessment of the needs of a particular group in a particular situation using an integrated practice approach (p5) Ethics and Values in a Group Group Work Values and Four Key Values (p7) What will you bring?
Social Group Work Practice Values Participation of positive relations among people from diverse situations and populations Cooperation and mutual decision making embodied in the principles in a participatory democracy Importance of individual initiative within the group Importance of freedom to participate, including expressing thoughts and feelings about matters of concern to individual members or the group as a whole, and having the right to be involved in the decision-making process of the group Value high individualization in the group so that each member’s unique concerns are addressed Four Key Values Respect and Dignity Solidarity and mutual aid Empowerment Understanding, respect, and camaraderie among people from divers backgrounds
Social Group Work Practice Definition of Group Work Group work: “Goal-directed activity with small treatment and task groups aimed at meeting socioemotional needs and accomplishing tasks. This activity is directed to individual members of a group and to the group as a whole within a system of service delivery.” (Toseland and Rivas, 2009, p.12) Small Group: “implies the ability of members to identify themselves as members, to engage in interaction, and to exchange thoughts and feelings among themselves through verbal, nonverbal, and written communication processes.” (Toseland and Rivas, 2009, p.12)
Social Group Work Practice Natural and formed groups Treatment vs. task groups What is the difference? PURPOSE!!!!
Social Group Work Practice Advantages of working with individuals and groups p17 Disadvantages of working with individuals and groups p18
Treatment Groups Support Education Growth Therapy Socialization Self-help
Task Groups Teams Treatment Conferences Staff Development groups Committees Cabinets Boards Social Action groups Coalitions Councils
Historical Developments Context for current social group work practice 1960’s and 70’s Continued disengagement in society – natural and formed groups continue to decrease Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups and CSWE promote group work curriculum
Treatment Group Models by Papell and Rothman (1962) Social Goal Model: focuses on socializing members to democratic societal values YMCA, Girls Scouts
Treatment Group Models by Papell and Rothman (1962) Remedial Model: focuses on restoring or rehabilitating individuals by helping them change their behavior Psychotherapy groups, skills groups, CD groups Reciprocal Model: reciprocal relationship that exists between group members and society. Members both influence and are influenced by the environment Different from Remedial Model because the worker encourages group processes to foster a therapeutic environment in the group as a whole and encourages the worker to help the agency and the community better understand and meet the individual members needs instead of focusing the group work on helping individual members with specific problems
Historical Developments Empirically based practice Social scientists learned the people’s behavior in groups changes “Group minds” Social scientists continue to research cohesion, conformity, communication and interaction patterns, group development, leadership, and social cognition and perception
Historical Developments Influential theories Systems Theory Psychodynamic Theory Learning Theory Field Theory Social Exchange Theory