By Candice Kerestan Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam
Who Was Malcolm X? <ul><li>Born Malcolm Little (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) on May, 25 1925 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Black Muslims such as Malcolm replaced their last name with “X” to signify lost African names </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Born in Omaha, NE, although spent the remainder of his childhood in Detroit, MI </li></ul><ul><li>Civil rights leader that promoted black supremacy </li></ul>
Malcolm X’s Childhood <ul><li>Malcolm’s father was a Baptist minister and a firm believer in black supremacy which allowed him to be a target of hate groups </li></ul><ul><li>Crimes were committed against both him and his family including the burning of the Little’s home and later the slaughter of his father </li></ul><ul><li>Malcolm and his eight siblings were then placed in foster care for the remainder of their youth </li></ul>
Malcolm X’s Youth <ul><li>After being told he would never make it as a lawyer because of his race by a school teacher, Malcolm’s hatred for Whites grew </li></ul><ul><li>Later moved to New York where he began committing crimes such as armed robbery that eventually lead him to serving jail time </li></ul>
Malcolm X’s Involvement with the NoI <ul><li>While imprisoned, Malcolm was exposed to the Nation of Islam, which gained many of its members through prison ministry </li></ul><ul><li>Malcolm's disdain for Whites corresponded with the Nation of Islam’s black supremacy ideology causing him to join this movement and convert to Islam </li></ul>
What is the Nation of Islam? <ul><li>Religious organization founded by Wallace D. Fard that follows traditional Muslim customs with several key differences </li></ul>“ Justice, Faith, Equality, Islam”
Beliefs of the Nation of Islam <ul><li>Believe sthat the prophet Muhammad lives through the founder of the Nation of Islam, Wallace Fard </li></ul><ul><li>Stresses the superiority of African Americans over other races </li></ul><ul><li>Like regular custom Muslim ways, Black Muslims are discouraged from smoking, drinking, and eating unhealthy </li></ul>
Malcolm X and the NoI <ul><li>After converting, Malcolm became of the organization’s top ministers, speaking to many African American’s and spreading the NOI’s ideology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged Black’s to do what ever needed to gain rights even if it meant using violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known for key phrase “by any means necessary” (in reference to gaining Black rights) </li></ul></ul>
Drifting away from the NOI <ul><li>Malcolm made the pilgrimage to Mecca, the Islamic holy city in 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>This trip changed his life, and his view on Islam began changing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started accepting all races and lost certain aspects of black supremacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Returned to America and withdrew membership from the Nation of Islam </li></ul>
Death of Malcolm X <ul><li>Upset with his choice, many Black Muslims were outraged </li></ul><ul><li>Later assassinated in 1965 by three Black Muslims at the Autobahn Ballroom in New York City </li></ul>
Impact of Malcolm X and NoI <ul><li>Despite Malcolm’s final differing views on the Nation of Islam, his ministry undoubtedly influenced many African American’s during a racially-significant time in American history </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized today as a former key civil rights activist; he even has a street named after him in New York City </li></ul>
References <ul><li>A Brief History on the origin of The Nation of Islam in America A Nation of Peace & Beauty. (2010, April 25). The Nation of Islam . Retrieved from http://www.noi.org/history_of_noi.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Biography. (2010). Malcolm X . Retrieved from http://www.malcolmx.com/about/bio.html </li></ul><ul><li>Boyer, P., & Stuckey, S. (2005). American Nation in the Modern Era . Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston . (Original work published 2000) </li></ul>
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