A tour to europe (Task of December)


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A tour to europe (Task of December)

  1. 1. A Tour to Europe
  2. 2. Finland Location In northern Europe (Scandinavia) between Sweden and Russia Official language: Finnish & Swedish Currency: Euro Polity: Parliamentary Democracy Capital: Helsinki Population: ≈ 5,4 million people (concentrated in the southern part of Finland)
  3. 3. Finland Climate cold, with long-lasting winters and snowfall Average winter temperatures: -15° to -4° (in Lapland) -7° to -4° (in the south) Average summer temperatures: 15° to 17°
  4. 4. Finland Nature a country with a great biodiversity, most famous for its forests Finland’s national animal: the brown bear
  5. 5. Finland was the first nation to give the right to vote to all adult citizens, including women Music Finland is well-known for its metal and rock bands, like: Apocalyptica and Stratovarius Famous People Linus Torvalds: software engineer (the creator of Linux) Mika Häkkinen: Formula 1 World Champion
  6. 6. Republic of Lithuania Lies in Northern Europe on the shores of the Baltic Sea. Capital and largest city is Vilnius.
  7. 7. Republic of Lithuania Population of 3 million people Climate Official language Lithuanian Lithuania's climate, which ranges between maritime and continental, is relatively mild. Currency Lithuanian litas Religion 77 % of Lithuanians belong to the Roman Catholic Church. Snow occurs every year, it can snow from October to April. Temperatures can soar up to +30C in summer, and drop down to -32C in winter
  8. 8. Republic of Lithuania History As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918. Starting in 1940, Lithuania was occupied first by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end in 1944 and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first Soviet Republic to declare the restoration of independent State of Lithuania. Lithuania has been among the fastest growing economies in the European Union.
  9. 9. Republic of Lithuania Sports Cuisine Basketball is the national sport of Lithuania. Lithuania was even ranked 3rd worldwide in FIBA Rankings (now 4th). Lithuania has produced a number of players: Arvydas Sabonis, Šarūnas Marčiulionis, Žydrūnas Ilgauskas, e.t.c. Lithuanian cuisine features the products suited to the cool and moist northern climate of Lithuania: barley, potatoes, rye, beets, greens, berries, and mushrooms. Specialties: dumplings the baroque tree cake known as Šakotis.
  10. 10. Republic of Lithuania Famous People Lithuanian Traditional Music Sutaras Laurence Harvey, the British movie star who helped usher in the 1960s with his indelible portrait of a ruthless social climber. Al Jolson was known in the industry as "The World's Greatest Entertainer," for well over 40 years
  11. 11. Republic of Poland Republic of Poland is a country in Central Europe, the 9th largest in Europe. In the northwest is the Baltic Sea. Capital: Warsaw Population: over 38.5 million people
  12. 12. Republic of Poland Currency: Złoty Official language: Polish Religion: 87% belonging to the Roman Catholic Church History Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. More than six million Polish citizens died in this war. Poland became a client state of the Soviet Union in 1944 and was accordingly renamed the People's Republic of Poland in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's communist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy and renaming itself the "Third Polish Republic".
  13. 13. Republic of Poland Despite the vast destruction the country experienced during World War II, Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth. There are currently 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in Poland and 54 Historical Monuments. Since the end of the communist period, Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development.
  14. 14. Republic of Poland Waters The longest rivers are the Vistula 1,047 kilometers long, and the Oder which forms part of Poland's western border, 854 kilometers long. Poland's rivers have been used since early times for navigation. Biodiversity Forests cover about 30% of Poland's land area. Broadleaf and mixed forest Eco regions as well as the Carpathian Montagne conifer forest. Many animals that have since died out in other parts of Europe still survive in Poland.
  15. 15. Republic of Poland Poland is the birthplace of many distinguished personalities , among which are: Fryderyk Chopin, Maria Skłodowska Curie Cuisine It is rich in meat, especially pork, chicken and beef, winter vegetables and spices. Pasta is also featured in many Polish dishes. Most notable are pierogi.
  16. 16. Kingdom of Spain Location: in southwestern Europe North and Northeast: France & Andorra (Pyrenees Mountains) West and Northwest: Portugal & Atlantic Ocean South and East: Mediterranean Sea Capital: Madrid Large Cities: Barcelona, Valencia, Seville Official Language: Spanish (co-official: Basque, Catalan and Galician) Population: ≈ 45,5 million people Currency: Euro Polity: constitutional monarchy
  17. 17. Kingdom of Spain History Spain was Europe's leading power throughout the 16th and 17th century. It was a great empire that included parts of America, islands in the Asia-Pacific area, cities in Northern Africa, as well as parts of what are now Italy, France, Germany and the Netherlands.
  18. 18. Kingdom of Spain Modern History The Spanish Civil War (1936 – 1939) The Nationalists led by General Franco (supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy) fought the Republicans. In 1939 Franco became dictator. After the death of Franco, 1975, democracy was restored in Spain.
  19. 19. Kingdom of Spain Literature The classiest work of Spanish literature is the Don Quixote of Cervantes. The Spanish literature (Federico Garcia Lorca) has a rich tradition and strong interaction with Latin America (Gabriel García Márquez). Art Spain has a long tradition in painting and great painters as: Velázquez, El Greco, Goya, Picasso, Miró and Dalí
  20. 20. Kingdom of Spain Cuisine A unique cuisine, with vegetable and fish-based dishes or rice-based dishes like paella Music Spanish music is very diverse, reflecting the large cultural differences between regions. The flamenco style originates in the south of the country (Andalusia).
  21. 21. Republic of Romania Location: In Southeastern Europe Capital: Bucharest East: The Black Sea Area: 238.391 square kilometers Currency: Romanian leu Population: about 20 million people Official Language: Romanian Religion: 87% Orthodox Christian Government: Unitary semipresidential republic
  22. 22. Republic of Romania Climate Continental. Average annual temperature in the south 11oC, in the north 8oC. Cold winters. Morphology Romania is divided into three regions: the mountainous Transylvania , the plains of the Lower Danube and Moldova and the intermediate region of the Carpathians. Hydrography: Dominated by the River Danube
  23. 23. Republic of Romania Natural Environment The Danube Delta is part of the Unesco World Heritage and home for many animal and plant species. The Carpathian Mountains are home to one of the largest undisturbed forests in Europe. Animal species include brown bear, wolf, lynx, red deer, red fox, roe deer and wild boar.
  24. 24. Republic of Romania Cuisine The category ciorbă includes a wide range of soups with a characteristic sour taste. These may be meat and vegetable soups, tripe and calf foot soups, or fish soups. Popular main courses include mititei, frigărui and the șnițel. One of the most common dishes is mămăliga and is served on its own or as a side dish. Pork and chicken are the preferred meats, but beef, lamb and fish are also popular.
  25. 25. Republic of Romania Tourism Medieval atmosphere and castles in Transylvanian cities Romania's Black Sea seaside. Major natural attractions, such as the Danube Delta, the Iron Gates (Danube Gorge)
  26. 26. Republic of Turkey Location: at the crossroads of Europe and Asia South: Mediterranean Sea West: Aegean Sea North: Black Sea Large cities: Instabul and Izmir Capital: Ankara Population: ~ 75 million people
  27. 27. Republic of Turkey Official Language: Turkish Polity: Parliamentary Democracy Currency: Turkish Lira Architecture great monuments that combine elements of a lot of traditions f.e. the Süleymaniye Mosque, the Blue Mosque and the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul.
  28. 28. Republic of Turkey History After the Ottoman Empire collapsed, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (military officer and First President of Turkey) established the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923.
  29. 29. Republic of Turkey Cuisine Music Turkish traditional cuisine is based on Ottoman cuisine and includes elements of Central Asia, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean and Balkan cuisines. Typical dishes: dolma döner kebab It includes elements from Arabic, Byzantine, Ottoman, Persian and also Western popular music. and baklava 2003 Turkey won the Eurovision Song Contest with the song “Everyway That I Can”, which wrote and sang Sertab Erener.