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  • 1. Blogs & Wikis A RRLC Pizza Workshop with Kate Pitcher November 12, 2007
  • 2. Tonight’s Workshop Objectives:
    • Define blogs & wikis
    • Understand the difference between blogs, wikis, and other websites
    • Search for blogs & wikis
    • Understand what RSS is and learn how to subscribe to RSS feeds
    • Create a blog
    • Create a wiki
  • 3. What is all the hype about?
  • 4. Blogs
      • “…online journals or websites where users can post commentary, links and news…”
      • “[Blogs] enable the rapid production and consumption of Web-based publications”
  • 5. Vocabulary to Learn…
    • Permalink
    • Blogroll
    • Syndication
    • RSS
    • Tagging
    • Ping
    • Trackback
  • 6. What makes a blog different?
    • Dated entries (“posts”)
    • Each “post” has a permanent webpage created automatically (“permalink”)
    • Links to favorite or recommended blogs (“blogroll”)
    • Content is syndicated to users (“RSS feed”)
    • Readers can leave comments
    • Posts are archived
    • Ping search engines when you update your blog
  • 7. Why a blog?
    • Categorization of posts
    • Tagging the content of posts
    • No need to know HTML
    • Role of hyperlink
    • Interactivity with reader
    • Frequency & currency of content
    • Blogging community
  • 8. St. Joseph County Public Library
  • 9. Anatomy of a post…
  • 10. SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
  • 11. Clicking on Comments in the SJCPL Blog… A comment left by a library patron on the Milne Library News blog…
  • 12. Integrate & collaborate with your campus courseware or portal….
  • 13. BLOG ACTIVITY #1
    • What makes a blog different from a webpage?
    • Compare the following three sites :
    • Politico http://www.politico.com
    • Daily Kos http://www.dailykos.com
    • Instapundit http://www.instapundit.com
  • 14. Where can I find blogs?
    • Google Blog Search http://search.blogger.com/
    • Blogarama http:// www.blogarama.com /
    • Technorati http:// technorati.com
    • IceRocket http://www.icerocket.com/
    • Blog Search Engine http:// www.blogsearchengine.com /
  • 15.  
  • 16. BLOG ACTIVITY #2
    • Use a search engine to find a blog on the topic of…
    • Library 2.0
  • 17. Some statistics…
    • 150 blogs in the late 1990s¹
    • 4.12 million blogs in 2003¹
    • 57 million Americans read blogs every day³
    • 5% of Internet users use RSS aggregators to get news²
    • 8% of Internet users have created a blog or web diary³
    Sources : ¹ Trammell & Ferdig, 2004. ² Pew Internet & American Life Project, January 2005 ³ Pew Internet & American Life Project, July 2006
  • 18. Why should your library have a blog?
    • News
    • Current events
    • Interaction with library patrons
    • Market and promote different library services
    • Easy to create, maintain and update
    • No HTML skills necessary
    • User feedback
    • FREE!
  • 19. What makes a successful blog?
    • currency
    • frequency
    • relevance to library or patron’s needs
    • well written
    • interaction with patrons through comments
    • know your purpose and focus
    • simplicity
    • lots of hyperlinks
    • syndicate the content with an RSS feed
    • publicize
  • 20. Tips for successful blogging…
    • Collaborate
    • Edit
    • Policy
    • Interaction
    • Purpose
  • 21. Some library blogs…
    • Ann Arbor District Library
    • http://www.aadl.org/
    • Moraine Valley Community College
    • http://www2.sls.lib.il.us/MVCC/librarynews/
    • Stark County Law Library
    • http://temp.starklawlibrary.org/blog/
    • Georgia State University Library
    • http://www.library.gsu.edu/news/index.asp?typeID=62
    • Waterboro Public Library
    • http:// www.waterborolibrary.org/blog.htm
  • 22. What you need:
    • Application (many free services will host your blog: Blogger , WordPress , LiveJournal , etc. )
    • Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors)
    • Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application if you want to host it on your own server)
    • Training
  • 23. Free blog applications
    • Blogger http://www2.blogger.com/
    • WordPress http://wordpress.org/
    • LiveJournal http://www.livejournal.com/
    • Diaryland (hosted) http://www.diaryland.com/
    • Pitas (hosted) http://www.pitas.com
    • Slash (open source app) http://www.slashcode.com
    • Greymatter (open source app) http://noahgrey.com/greysoft/
    • LifeType (open source app) http://www.lifetype.net/
  • 24. Other blog applications (cost $$)
    • Movable Type ($) http://www.movabletype.org
    • TypePad ($) http://www.sixapart.com/typepad/index
    • Radio Userland ($) http://radio.userland.com
    • Manila ($) http://manila.userland.com/
  • 25. BLOG ACTIVITY #3
    • Create your blog:
    • Go to Blogger and create an account
    • Choose a URL for your blog.
    • Pick a template.
    • Write your first post!
  • 26. What is RSS?
  • 27. What in the heck is RSS??
    • R eal S imple S yndication
    • R ich S ite S ummary RSS = XML code
    • RSS is the language used to read headlines (or “feeds”) from blogs or websites
    • .htm = .rss
    Graphics used to indicate RSS files
  • 28. How RSS Feeds work… Blog Today’s post Archived posts RSS Feed Feeds into an aggregator or Newsreader Subscribers Subscribers Subscribers Subscribers
  • 29. RSS Advantages
    • visitors can access multiple sites without having to go to each one
    • subscribe to the RSS feeds of sites you like and the content comes to you
    • use a news aggregator to read the headlines and links in one place
    • do not need to give out your email address to web sites to receive updates
    • will need a aggregator to read content
    • Jardin, Xeni. “Why RSS is Everywhere.” Wired. April 2004. 19 May 2004 http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/12.04/start.html?pg=7 .
  • 30. How do I find RSS feeds?
    • Look for an icon marked XML or RSS on your favorite website or blog. It usually looks something like these 
    • Do a search in Google or another search engine for rss feeds or your favorite subject followed by RSS
    • Use Feedster or another search engine specifically designed to find RSS feeds
  • 31. Example of a website’s RSS Feeds directory
  • 32. The Washington Post website: RSS feeds are available for all sections of the newspaper
  • 33. Example of XML code which makes up the Washington Post’s RSS feed for the headlines from their daily paper...
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36. Newsreaders
    • Plug-ins ( example: Sage )
    • Web-based ( example: Bloglines )
    • Standalone applications for your desktop ( example: FeedDemon )
  • 37. RSS Newsreaders…
    • Bloglines http://www.bloglines.com
    • FeedDemon http://www.feeddemon.com
    • NewsGator http://www.newsgator.com
    • Sage http://sage.mozdev.org/ (Firefox users)
    • FeedReader http://www.feedreader.com/
    • AmphetaDesk http://www.disobey.com/amphetadesk
  • 38. Library-related RSS Feeds
    • Pubmed http://pmbrowser.info
    • Library Stuff http://www.librarystuff.net/index.rdf
    • LISNews http://www.lisnews.com/lisnews.rss
    • Library Jobs http://feedster.com/makerss.php?
    • Research Buzz http://www.researchbuzz.com/researchbuzz.rss
    • Resource Shelf http://www.resourceshelf.com/resourceshelf.xml
    • LISFeeds.com http://www.lisfeeds.com
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42. RSS ACTIVITY #1
    • Go to Bloglines http://www.bloglines.com
    • Create an account.
    • To subscribe to your own feed, you will need to go to “Add Feeds” in the left sidebar.
    • Type or copy & paste the URL of your blog into the search box.
    • Click on the checkbox next to your blog and click Submit.
    • You will notice your blog title show up in the left sidebar. You are now subscribed to your own blog!
  • 43. Wikis Image courtesy of The Content Wrangler at : www.thecontentwrangler.com
  • 44. What is a wiki?
    • Collaborative website
    • Users may edit, add content or delete
    • May be used as a repository, discussion forum, or composition system
    • Low barrier to use
  • 45. The best known example… Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
  • 46. Example of a Wikipedia article
  • 47. What makes a wiki different?
    • Multiple users may edit content
    • Searchable
    • No formal HTML coding experience needed
    • Very similar to many content management systems
    • Upload documents and files
  • 48. Anatomy of a wiki
  • 49. DC Comics Database Project http://en.dcdatabaseproject.com/Main_Page
  • 50. How does a wiki work?
    • Most wikis either use a downloaded client on your desktop or through a server; or are web-based through an Internet browser
    • Edit  script sends a raw text file to your browser in an editable form, allowing you to modify the content of the page
    • Save  clicking the button sends the modified text back to the wiki server, which replaces the existing text file with your changed version
    • When you request a wiki page, the script gathers the corresponding text file, changes its marked-up text into HTML, turns user-selected words into hyperlinks, inserts this information into a page template, and sends the result to your browser
  • 51.  
  • 52. Useful features…
    • Track recent changes to wiki
    • (RSS feeds can be incorporated so users can be notified immediately)
    • History of page revisions
    • (With some wiki apps, you can revert back to a previous version of the wiki)
    • Accessibility of documents and information through a web-based browser
  • 53. Email notification of changes
  • 54. Some disadvantages…
    • Anyone (if you don’t require login) can contribute and edit documents
    • Must use special “wiki” editing syntax to make changes or contribute content – this can be cumbersome for some users to learn
  • 55. WIKI ACTIVITY #1:
    • Go to https://my.pbwiki.com and register for a wiki account.
    • Next, go to the Workshop Wiki: http://librarysocialsoftware.pbwiki.com and login (password is rrlc ).
    • Next, click on New Page and create your own wiki page. Give it a name.
    • Finally, add some text to your page. Make sure to include your name and your library.
  • 56. When to use a wiki
    • Collaborate, create and store
    Wikis are …“topical; carved from the inside out” (M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, http://ferret.bemidjistate.edu/~morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?WikiAndBlog ) Users Groups Easy Create Wiki Add Content Delete Edit
  • 57. Library wiki examples
    • LIS Wiki http:// liswiki.org/wiki/Main_Page
    • Library Instruction Wiki http:// instructionwiki.org/Sharing_resources
    • Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki http://www.libsuccess.org/index.php?title=Main_Page
    • ALA Professional Tips Wiki http:// wikis.ala.org/professionaltips/index.php/Main_Page
  • 58. Ohio University Libraries http://www.library.ohiou.edu/subjects/bizwiki/index.php/Main_Page
  • 59. Milne Library WebDev Wiki http:// intranet.lib.geneseo.edu/webdevwiki/doku.php?id =home
  • 60. Accidental Map Librarian Workshops (Boulder, CO) http:// maplibraries.pbwiki.com /
  • 61. Why use a wiki in your library?
    • Document management (i.e. training documents, manuals, meeting minutes, etc.)
    • Archive
    • Intranet
    • Collaboration by many (faculty, students, community users, etc.)
    • Knowledge base
    • Project management tool
    • Staff internal communication
  • 62. What you need:
    • Application (many free software apps: PBwiki , Wetpaint , MediaWiki , DokuWiki ; just to name a few)
    • Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors)
    • Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application)
    • Training
  • 63. Web-based Wiki tools (all free)
    • PBwiki http://pbwiki.com/
    • Wetpaint http://www.wetpaint.com
    • SeedWiki http://www.seedwiki.com
    • Wikia http://www.wikia.com/wiki/Wikia
  • 64. Wiki server software apps
    • MediaWiki (open source) http:// www.mediawiki.org /
    • DokuWiki (free; open source) http://wiki.splitbrain.org/wiki:dokuwiki
    • TWiki (open source app) http:// twiki.org
  • 65. Blogs vs. Wikis: What should you use?
    • What do you want the software to do?
    • Is it for the public or internal use?
    • What is the technology “aptitude” of those you want involved?
  • 66. When to use a blog:
    • You need a tool for communication purposes within a group
    • “chronological; staying on top of things” ( M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, http://ferret.bemidjistate.edu/~morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?WikiAndBlog )
  • 67. When to use a wiki:
    • You need a place to store and collaborate on group documents
    • “topical; carved from the inside out” ( M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, http://ferret.bemidjistate.edu/~morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?WikiAndBlog )
  • 68.
    • Go pbwiki.com and log into your account.
    • Underneath the box for “Join a wiki”, click on the link for “Create a wiki”.
    • Create your own wiki!!
    WIKI ACTIVITY #2
  • 69. Kate Pitcher
    • Reference/Instruction & Web Development Librarian Milne Library, Room 201A
    • SUNY Geneseo
    • Contact Information: Email: [email_address] Phone: (585) 245-5064 Web: http://www.geneseo.edu/~pitcher AIM: beebugkate
    • This presentation is available at:
    • http:// librarysocialsoftware.pbwiki.com