Blogs and Wikis


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  • Blogs and Wikis

    1. 1. Blogs & Wikis A RRLC Pizza Workshop with Kate Pitcher November 12, 2007
    2. 2. Tonight’s Workshop Objectives: <ul><li>Define blogs & wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the difference between blogs, wikis, and other websites </li></ul><ul><li>Search for blogs & wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Understand what RSS is and learn how to subscribe to RSS feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Create a blog </li></ul><ul><li>Create a wiki </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is all the hype about?
    4. 4. Blogs <ul><ul><li>“…online journals or websites where users can post commentary, links and news…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“[Blogs] enable the rapid production and consumption of Web-based publications” </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Vocabulary to Learn… <ul><li>Permalink </li></ul><ul><li>Blogroll </li></ul><ul><li>Syndication </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><li>Ping </li></ul><ul><li>Trackback </li></ul>
    6. 6. What makes a blog different? <ul><li>Dated entries (“posts”) </li></ul><ul><li>Each “post” has a permanent webpage created automatically (“permalink”) </li></ul><ul><li>Links to favorite or recommended blogs (“blogroll”) </li></ul><ul><li>Content is syndicated to users (“RSS feed”) </li></ul><ul><li>Readers can leave comments </li></ul><ul><li>Posts are archived </li></ul><ul><li>Ping search engines when you update your blog </li></ul>
    7. 7. Why a blog? <ul><li>Categorization of posts </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging the content of posts </li></ul><ul><li>No need to know HTML </li></ul><ul><li>Role of hyperlink </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity with reader </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency & currency of content </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging community </li></ul>
    8. 8. St. Joseph County Public Library
    9. 9. Anatomy of a post…
    10. 10. SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
    11. 11. Clicking on Comments in the SJCPL Blog… A comment left by a library patron on the Milne Library News blog…
    12. 12. Integrate & collaborate with your campus courseware or portal….
    13. 13. BLOG ACTIVITY #1 <ul><li>What makes a blog different from a webpage? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare the following three sites : </li></ul><ul><li>Politico </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Kos </li></ul><ul><li>Instapundit </li></ul>
    14. 14. Where can I find blogs? <ul><li>Google Blog Search </li></ul><ul><li>Blogarama http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Technorati http:// </li></ul><ul><li>IceRocket </li></ul><ul><li>Blog Search Engine http:// / </li></ul>
    15. 16. BLOG ACTIVITY #2 <ul><li>Use a search engine to find a blog on the topic of… </li></ul><ul><li>Library 2.0 </li></ul>
    16. 17. Some statistics… <ul><li>150 blogs in the late 1990s¹ </li></ul><ul><li>4.12 million blogs in 2003¹ </li></ul><ul><li>57 million Americans read blogs every day³ </li></ul><ul><li>5% of Internet users use RSS aggregators to get news² </li></ul><ul><li>8% of Internet users have created a blog or web diary³ </li></ul>Sources : ¹ Trammell & Ferdig, 2004. ² Pew Internet & American Life Project, January 2005 ³ Pew Internet & American Life Project, July 2006
    17. 18. Why should your library have a blog? <ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Current events </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction with library patrons </li></ul><ul><li>Market and promote different library services </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to create, maintain and update </li></ul><ul><li>No HTML skills necessary </li></ul><ul><li>User feedback </li></ul><ul><li>FREE! </li></ul>
    18. 19. What makes a successful blog? <ul><li>currency </li></ul><ul><li>frequency </li></ul><ul><li>relevance to library or patron’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>well written </li></ul><ul><li>interaction with patrons through comments </li></ul><ul><li>know your purpose and focus </li></ul><ul><li>simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>lots of hyperlinks </li></ul><ul><li>syndicate the content with an RSS feed </li></ul><ul><li>publicize </li></ul>
    19. 20. Tips for successful blogging… <ul><li>Collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Edit </li></ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul>
    20. 21. Some library blogs… <ul><li>Ann Arbor District Library </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Moraine Valley Community College </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Stark County Law Library </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia State University Library </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Waterboro Public Library </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
    21. 22. What you need: <ul><li>Application (many free services will host your blog: Blogger , WordPress , LiveJournal , etc. ) </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application if you want to host it on your own server) </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul>
    22. 23. Free blog applications <ul><li>Blogger </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress </li></ul><ul><li>LiveJournal </li></ul><ul><li>Diaryland (hosted) </li></ul><ul><li>Pitas (hosted) </li></ul><ul><li>Slash (open source app) </li></ul><ul><li>Greymatter (open source app) </li></ul><ul><li>LifeType (open source app) </li></ul>
    23. 24. Other blog applications (cost $$) <ul><li>Movable Type ($) </li></ul><ul><li>TypePad ($) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Userland ($) </li></ul><ul><li>Manila ($) </li></ul>
    24. 25. BLOG ACTIVITY #3 <ul><li>Create your blog: </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Blogger and create an account </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a URL for your blog. </li></ul><ul><li>Pick a template. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your first post! </li></ul>
    25. 26. What is RSS?
    26. 27. What in the heck is RSS?? <ul><li>R eal S imple S yndication </li></ul><ul><li>R ich S ite S ummary RSS = XML code </li></ul><ul><li>RSS is the language used to read headlines (or “feeds”) from blogs or websites </li></ul><ul><li>.htm = .rss </li></ul>Graphics used to indicate RSS files
    27. 28. How RSS Feeds work… Blog Today’s post Archived posts RSS Feed Feeds into an aggregator or Newsreader Subscribers Subscribers Subscribers Subscribers
    28. 29. RSS Advantages <ul><li>visitors can access multiple sites without having to go to each one </li></ul><ul><li>subscribe to the RSS feeds of sites you like and the content comes to you </li></ul><ul><li>use a news aggregator to read the headlines and links in one place </li></ul><ul><li>do not need to give out your email address to web sites to receive updates </li></ul><ul><li>will need a aggregator to read content </li></ul><ul><li>Jardin, Xeni. “Why RSS is Everywhere.” Wired. April 2004. 19 May 2004 . </li></ul>
    29. 30. How do I find RSS feeds? <ul><li>Look for an icon marked XML or RSS on your favorite website or blog. It usually looks something like these  </li></ul><ul><li>Do a search in Google or another search engine for rss feeds or your favorite subject followed by RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Use Feedster or another search engine specifically designed to find RSS feeds </li></ul>
    30. 31. Example of a website’s RSS Feeds directory
    31. 32. The Washington Post website: RSS feeds are available for all sections of the newspaper
    32. 33. Example of XML code which makes up the Washington Post’s RSS feed for the headlines from their daily paper...
    33. 36. Newsreaders <ul><li>Plug-ins ( example: Sage ) </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based ( example: Bloglines ) </li></ul><ul><li>Standalone applications for your desktop ( example: FeedDemon ) </li></ul>
    34. 37. RSS Newsreaders… <ul><li>Bloglines </li></ul><ul><li>FeedDemon </li></ul><ul><li>NewsGator </li></ul><ul><li>Sage (Firefox users) </li></ul><ul><li>FeedReader </li></ul><ul><li>AmphetaDesk </li></ul>
    35. 38. Library-related RSS Feeds <ul><li>Pubmed </li></ul><ul><li>Library Stuff </li></ul><ul><li>LISNews </li></ul><ul><li>Library Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Research Buzz </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Shelf </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    36. 42. RSS ACTIVITY #1 <ul><li>Go to Bloglines </li></ul><ul><li>Create an account. </li></ul><ul><li>To subscribe to your own feed, you will need to go to “Add Feeds” in the left sidebar. </li></ul><ul><li>Type or copy & paste the URL of your blog into the search box. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the checkbox next to your blog and click Submit. </li></ul><ul><li>You will notice your blog title show up in the left sidebar. You are now subscribed to your own blog! </li></ul>
    37. 43. Wikis Image courtesy of The Content Wrangler at :
    38. 44. What is a wiki? <ul><li>Collaborative website </li></ul><ul><li>Users may edit, add content or delete </li></ul><ul><li>May be used as a repository, discussion forum, or composition system </li></ul><ul><li>Low barrier to use </li></ul>
    39. 45. The best known example… Wikipedia
    40. 46. Example of a Wikipedia article
    41. 47. What makes a wiki different? <ul><li>Multiple users may edit content </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable </li></ul><ul><li>No formal HTML coding experience needed </li></ul><ul><li>Very similar to many content management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Upload documents and files </li></ul>
    42. 48. Anatomy of a wiki
    43. 49. DC Comics Database Project
    44. 50. How does a wiki work? <ul><li>Most wikis either use a downloaded client on your desktop or through a server; or are web-based through an Internet browser </li></ul><ul><li>Edit  script sends a raw text file to your browser in an editable form, allowing you to modify the content of the page </li></ul><ul><li>Save  clicking the button sends the modified text back to the wiki server, which replaces the existing text file with your changed version </li></ul><ul><li>When you request a wiki page, the script gathers the corresponding text file, changes its marked-up text into HTML, turns user-selected words into hyperlinks, inserts this information into a page template, and sends the result to your browser </li></ul>
    45. 52. Useful features… <ul><li>Track recent changes to wiki </li></ul><ul><li>(RSS feeds can be incorporated so users can be notified immediately) </li></ul><ul><li>History of page revisions </li></ul><ul><li>(With some wiki apps, you can revert back to a previous version of the wiki) </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility of documents and information through a web-based browser </li></ul>
    46. 53. Email notification of changes
    47. 54. Some disadvantages… <ul><li>Anyone (if you don’t require login) can contribute and edit documents </li></ul><ul><li>Must use special “wiki” editing syntax to make changes or contribute content – this can be cumbersome for some users to learn </li></ul>
    48. 55. WIKI ACTIVITY #1: <ul><li>Go to and register for a wiki account. </li></ul><ul><li>Next, go to the Workshop Wiki: and login (password is rrlc ). </li></ul><ul><li>Next, click on New Page and create your own wiki page. Give it a name. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, add some text to your page. Make sure to include your name and your library. </li></ul>
    49. 56. When to use a wiki <ul><li>Collaborate, create and store </li></ul>Wikis are …“topical; carved from the inside out” (M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, ) Users Groups Easy Create Wiki Add Content Delete Edit
    50. 57. Library wiki examples <ul><li>LIS Wiki http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Library Instruction Wiki http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>ALA Professional Tips Wiki http:// </li></ul>
    51. 58. Ohio University Libraries
    52. 59. Milne Library WebDev Wiki http:// =home
    53. 60. Accidental Map Librarian Workshops (Boulder, CO) http:// /
    54. 61. Why use a wiki in your library? <ul><li>Document management (i.e. training documents, manuals, meeting minutes, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Archive </li></ul><ul><li>Intranet </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration by many (faculty, students, community users, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge base </li></ul><ul><li>Project management tool </li></ul><ul><li>Staff internal communication </li></ul>
    55. 62. What you need: <ul><li>Application (many free software apps: PBwiki , Wetpaint , MediaWiki , DokuWiki ; just to name a few) </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application) </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul>
    56. 63. Web-based Wiki tools (all free) <ul><li>PBwiki </li></ul><ul><li>Wetpaint </li></ul><ul><li>SeedWiki </li></ul><ul><li>Wikia </li></ul>
    57. 64. Wiki server software apps <ul><li>MediaWiki (open source) http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>DokuWiki (free; open source) </li></ul><ul><li>TWiki (open source app) http:// </li></ul>
    58. 65. Blogs vs. Wikis: What should you use? <ul><li>What do you want the software to do? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it for the public or internal use? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the technology “aptitude” of those you want involved? </li></ul>
    59. 66. When to use a blog: <ul><li>You need a tool for communication purposes within a group </li></ul><ul><li>“chronological; staying on top of things” ( M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, ) </li></ul>
    60. 67. When to use a wiki: <ul><li>You need a place to store and collaborate on group documents </li></ul><ul><li>“topical; carved from the inside out” ( M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, ) </li></ul>
    61. 68. <ul><li>Go and log into your account. </li></ul><ul><li>Underneath the box for “Join a wiki”, click on the link for “Create a wiki”. </li></ul><ul><li>Create your own wiki!! </li></ul>WIKI ACTIVITY #2
    62. 69. Kate Pitcher <ul><li>Reference/Instruction & Web Development Librarian Milne Library, Room 201A </li></ul><ul><li>SUNY Geneseo </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Information: Email: [email_address] Phone: (585) 245-5064 Web: AIM: beebugkate </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation is available at: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>