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Blogs and Wikis

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    • 1. Blogs & Wikis A RRLC Pizza Workshop with Kate Pitcher November 12, 2007
    • 2. Tonight’s Workshop Objectives:
      • Define blogs & wikis
      • Understand the difference between blogs, wikis, and other websites
      • Search for blogs & wikis
      • Understand what RSS is and learn how to subscribe to RSS feeds
      • Create a blog
      • Create a wiki
    • 3. What is all the hype about?
    • 4. Blogs
        • “…online journals or websites where users can post commentary, links and news…”
        • “[Blogs] enable the rapid production and consumption of Web-based publications”
    • 5. Vocabulary to Learn…
      • Permalink
      • Blogroll
      • Syndication
      • RSS
      • Tagging
      • Ping
      • Trackback
    • 6. What makes a blog different?
      • Dated entries (“posts”)
      • Each “post” has a permanent webpage created automatically (“permalink”)
      • Links to favorite or recommended blogs (“blogroll”)
      • Content is syndicated to users (“RSS feed”)
      • Readers can leave comments
      • Posts are archived
      • Ping search engines when you update your blog
    • 7. Why a blog?
      • Categorization of posts
      • Tagging the content of posts
      • No need to know HTML
      • Role of hyperlink
      • Interactivity with reader
      • Frequency & currency of content
      • Blogging community
    • 8. St. Joseph County Public Library
    • 9. Anatomy of a post…
    • 10. SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
    • 11. Clicking on Comments in the SJCPL Blog… A comment left by a library patron on the Milne Library News blog…
    • 12. Integrate & collaborate with your campus courseware or portal….
    • 13. BLOG ACTIVITY #1
      • What makes a blog different from a webpage?
      • Compare the following three sites :
      • Politico http://www.politico.com
      • Daily Kos http://www.dailykos.com
      • Instapundit http://www.instapundit.com
    • 14. Where can I find blogs?
      • Google Blog Search http://search.blogger.com/
      • Blogarama http:// www.blogarama.com /
      • Technorati http:// technorati.com
      • IceRocket http://www.icerocket.com/
      • Blog Search Engine http:// www.blogsearchengine.com /
    • 15.  
    • 16. BLOG ACTIVITY #2
      • Use a search engine to find a blog on the topic of…
      • Library 2.0
    • 17. Some statistics…
      • 150 blogs in the late 1990s¹
      • 4.12 million blogs in 2003¹
      • 57 million Americans read blogs every day³
      • 5% of Internet users use RSS aggregators to get news²
      • 8% of Internet users have created a blog or web diary³
      Sources : ¹ Trammell & Ferdig, 2004. ² Pew Internet & American Life Project, January 2005 ³ Pew Internet & American Life Project, July 2006
    • 18. Why should your library have a blog?
      • News
      • Current events
      • Interaction with library patrons
      • Market and promote different library services
      • Easy to create, maintain and update
      • No HTML skills necessary
      • User feedback
      • FREE!
    • 19. What makes a successful blog?
      • currency
      • frequency
      • relevance to library or patron’s needs
      • well written
      • interaction with patrons through comments
      • know your purpose and focus
      • simplicity
      • lots of hyperlinks
      • syndicate the content with an RSS feed
      • publicize
    • 20. Tips for successful blogging…
      • Collaborate
      • Edit
      • Policy
      • Interaction
      • Purpose
    • 21. Some library blogs…
      • Ann Arbor District Library
      • http://www.aadl.org/
      • Moraine Valley Community College
      • http://www2.sls.lib.il.us/MVCC/librarynews/
      • Stark County Law Library
      • http://temp.starklawlibrary.org/blog/
      • Georgia State University Library
      • http://www.library.gsu.edu/news/index.asp?typeID=62
      • Waterboro Public Library
      • http:// www.waterborolibrary.org/blog.htm
    • 22. What you need:
      • Application (many free services will host your blog: Blogger , WordPress , LiveJournal , etc. )
      • Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors)
      • Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application if you want to host it on your own server)
      • Training
    • 23. Free blog applications
      • Blogger http://www2.blogger.com/
      • WordPress http://wordpress.org/
      • LiveJournal http://www.livejournal.com/
      • Diaryland (hosted) http://www.diaryland.com/
      • Pitas (hosted) http://www.pitas.com
      • Slash (open source app) http://www.slashcode.com
      • Greymatter (open source app) http://noahgrey.com/greysoft/
      • LifeType (open source app) http://www.lifetype.net/
    • 24. Other blog applications (cost $$)
      • Movable Type ($) http://www.movabletype.org
      • TypePad ($) http://www.sixapart.com/typepad/index
      • Radio Userland ($) http://radio.userland.com
      • Manila ($) http://manila.userland.com/
    • 25. BLOG ACTIVITY #3
      • Create your blog:
      • Go to Blogger and create an account
      • Choose a URL for your blog.
      • Pick a template.
      • Write your first post!
    • 26. What is RSS?
    • 27. What in the heck is RSS??
      • R eal S imple S yndication
      • R ich S ite S ummary RSS = XML code
      • RSS is the language used to read headlines (or “feeds”) from blogs or websites
      • .htm = .rss
      Graphics used to indicate RSS files
    • 28. How RSS Feeds work… Blog Today’s post Archived posts RSS Feed Feeds into an aggregator or Newsreader Subscribers Subscribers Subscribers Subscribers
    • 29. RSS Advantages
      • visitors can access multiple sites without having to go to each one
      • subscribe to the RSS feeds of sites you like and the content comes to you
      • use a news aggregator to read the headlines and links in one place
      • do not need to give out your email address to web sites to receive updates
      • will need a aggregator to read content
      • Jardin, Xeni. “Why RSS is Everywhere.” Wired. April 2004. 19 May 2004 http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/12.04/start.html?pg=7 .
    • 30. How do I find RSS feeds?
      • Look for an icon marked XML or RSS on your favorite website or blog. It usually looks something like these 
      • Do a search in Google or another search engine for rss feeds or your favorite subject followed by RSS
      • Use Feedster or another search engine specifically designed to find RSS feeds
    • 31. Example of a website’s RSS Feeds directory
    • 32. The Washington Post website: RSS feeds are available for all sections of the newspaper
    • 33. Example of XML code which makes up the Washington Post’s RSS feed for the headlines from their daily paper...
    • 34.  
    • 35.  
    • 36. Newsreaders
      • Plug-ins ( example: Sage )
      • Web-based ( example: Bloglines )
      • Standalone applications for your desktop ( example: FeedDemon )
    • 37. RSS Newsreaders…
      • Bloglines http://www.bloglines.com
      • FeedDemon http://www.feeddemon.com
      • NewsGator http://www.newsgator.com
      • Sage http://sage.mozdev.org/ (Firefox users)
      • FeedReader http://www.feedreader.com/
      • AmphetaDesk http://www.disobey.com/amphetadesk
    • 38. Library-related RSS Feeds
      • Pubmed http://pmbrowser.info
      • Library Stuff http://www.librarystuff.net/index.rdf
      • LISNews http://www.lisnews.com/lisnews.rss
      • Library Jobs http://feedster.com/makerss.php?
      • Research Buzz http://www.researchbuzz.com/researchbuzz.rss
      • Resource Shelf http://www.resourceshelf.com/resourceshelf.xml
      • LISFeeds.com http://www.lisfeeds.com
    • 39.  
    • 40.  
    • 41.  
    • 42. RSS ACTIVITY #1
      • Go to Bloglines http://www.bloglines.com
      • Create an account.
      • To subscribe to your own feed, you will need to go to “Add Feeds” in the left sidebar.
      • Type or copy & paste the URL of your blog into the search box.
      • Click on the checkbox next to your blog and click Submit.
      • You will notice your blog title show up in the left sidebar. You are now subscribed to your own blog!
    • 43. Wikis Image courtesy of The Content Wrangler at : www.thecontentwrangler.com
    • 44. What is a wiki?
      • Collaborative website
      • Users may edit, add content or delete
      • May be used as a repository, discussion forum, or composition system
      • Low barrier to use
    • 45. The best known example… Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
    • 46. Example of a Wikipedia article
    • 47. What makes a wiki different?
      • Multiple users may edit content
      • Searchable
      • No formal HTML coding experience needed
      • Very similar to many content management systems
      • Upload documents and files
    • 48. Anatomy of a wiki
    • 49. DC Comics Database Project http://en.dcdatabaseproject.com/Main_Page
    • 50. How does a wiki work?
      • Most wikis either use a downloaded client on your desktop or through a server; or are web-based through an Internet browser
      • Edit  script sends a raw text file to your browser in an editable form, allowing you to modify the content of the page
      • Save  clicking the button sends the modified text back to the wiki server, which replaces the existing text file with your changed version
      • When you request a wiki page, the script gathers the corresponding text file, changes its marked-up text into HTML, turns user-selected words into hyperlinks, inserts this information into a page template, and sends the result to your browser
    • 51.  
    • 52. Useful features…
      • Track recent changes to wiki
      • (RSS feeds can be incorporated so users can be notified immediately)
      • History of page revisions
      • (With some wiki apps, you can revert back to a previous version of the wiki)
      • Accessibility of documents and information through a web-based browser
    • 53. Email notification of changes
    • 54. Some disadvantages…
      • Anyone (if you don’t require login) can contribute and edit documents
      • Must use special “wiki” editing syntax to make changes or contribute content – this can be cumbersome for some users to learn
    • 55. WIKI ACTIVITY #1:
      • Go to https://my.pbwiki.com and register for a wiki account.
      • Next, go to the Workshop Wiki: http://librarysocialsoftware.pbwiki.com and login (password is rrlc ).
      • Next, click on New Page and create your own wiki page. Give it a name.
      • Finally, add some text to your page. Make sure to include your name and your library.
    • 56. When to use a wiki
      • Collaborate, create and store
      Wikis are …“topical; carved from the inside out” (M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, http://ferret.bemidjistate.edu/~morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?WikiAndBlog ) Users Groups Easy Create Wiki Add Content Delete Edit
    • 57. Library wiki examples
      • LIS Wiki http:// liswiki.org/wiki/Main_Page
      • Library Instruction Wiki http:// instructionwiki.org/Sharing_resources
      • Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki http://www.libsuccess.org/index.php?title=Main_Page
      • ALA Professional Tips Wiki http:// wikis.ala.org/professionaltips/index.php/Main_Page
    • 58. Ohio University Libraries http://www.library.ohiou.edu/subjects/bizwiki/index.php/Main_Page
    • 59. Milne Library WebDev Wiki http:// intranet.lib.geneseo.edu/webdevwiki/doku.php?id =home
    • 60. Accidental Map Librarian Workshops (Boulder, CO) http:// maplibraries.pbwiki.com /
    • 61. Why use a wiki in your library?
      • Document management (i.e. training documents, manuals, meeting minutes, etc.)
      • Archive
      • Intranet
      • Collaboration by many (faculty, students, community users, etc.)
      • Knowledge base
      • Project management tool
      • Staff internal communication
    • 62. What you need:
      • Application (many free software apps: PBwiki , Wetpaint , MediaWiki , DokuWiki ; just to name a few)
      • Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors)
      • Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application)
      • Training
    • 63. Web-based Wiki tools (all free)
      • PBwiki http://pbwiki.com/
      • Wetpaint http://www.wetpaint.com
      • SeedWiki http://www.seedwiki.com
      • Wikia http://www.wikia.com/wiki/Wikia
    • 64. Wiki server software apps
      • MediaWiki (open source) http:// www.mediawiki.org /
      • DokuWiki (free; open source) http://wiki.splitbrain.org/wiki:dokuwiki
      • TWiki (open source app) http:// twiki.org
    • 65. Blogs vs. Wikis: What should you use?
      • What do you want the software to do?
      • Is it for the public or internal use?
      • What is the technology “aptitude” of those you want involved?
    • 66. When to use a blog:
      • You need a tool for communication purposes within a group
      • “chronological; staying on top of things” ( M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, http://ferret.bemidjistate.edu/~morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?WikiAndBlog )
    • 67. When to use a wiki:
      • You need a place to store and collaborate on group documents
      • “topical; carved from the inside out” ( M.C. Morgan, Bemidji State University, http://ferret.bemidjistate.edu/~morgan/cgi-bin/blogsAndWiki.pl?WikiAndBlog )
    • 68.
      • Go pbwiki.com and log into your account.
      • Underneath the box for “Join a wiki”, click on the link for “Create a wiki”.
      • Create your own wiki!!
      WIKI ACTIVITY #2
    • 69. Kate Pitcher
      • Reference/Instruction & Web Development Librarian Milne Library, Room 201A
      • SUNY Geneseo
      • Contact Information: Email: [email_address] Phone: (585) 245-5064 Web: http://www.geneseo.edu/~pitcher AIM: beebugkate
      • This presentation is available at:
      • http:// librarysocialsoftware.pbwiki.com

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