British had all the best jobs; laws were British laws, not Indian
if Indian customs went against British law it was done away
In 1829 the British raj (government) did away with suttee which was a traditional Indian practice in which a widow (often drugged at the time) was forced to commit suicide on her husbands funeral pyre.
British set themselves apart from Indian society
in 1855 a law was passed that stated that seypoys (Indians in the British military) could be sent to other parts of Asia.
West was more educated and was more developed while East was jungle like and more so with the Indians
for 20 years the west dominated the country
in 1970 the East had more population than the west and they won the elections
the military in the west refused to recognize the results and kept power.
the east leaders were put in jail or killed and many innocent people in the east were killed by the army
in 1971 the East declared their independence and called themselves Bangladesh
Pakistan could do little as the Indians helped the Bangladeshi's out.
Bangladesh - Bangladesh is the natural disaster capital of the world. - since it sits on a delta, just a little flooding will flood much of the country. - during cyclones, most of the country is under water. - cyclones kill thousands every time. - though it is small, its pop is 140 million
We get the name China from the Ch’in Dynasty; who was ruled by Shi Huangdi – the first official ruler of a united China
In 618 AD the Tang Dynasty took over
When the Mongols took over, which included Kublai Khan , the dynasty was called the Yuan .
This lasted only 90 years but this is the time when Marco Polo visited
After the Mongol Empire fell, the Ming Dynasty took over in 1368 and isolated China from the rest of the world. .
The Mongols ruled the plains of Central Asia, from the Gobi Desert to the Ural Mountains. These nomads lived in felt tent-homes called yurts. They traveled the lands with their herds and they called their leaders khans The most famous leaders were Genghis Khan and his grandson, Kublai Khan The Mongols created the largest land empire in history – stretched from Europe to the Pacific Ocean and Siberia to India. The Mongol Empire
Hong Kong was an important center of trade in Eastern Asia.
Whoever controlled Hong Kong controlled much of the trade and wealth coming in and out of China.
Britain used its new power to impose trade policies that allowed British traders to grow rich while China made little money.
As Britain's influence increased and more opium arrived from India, China’s government grew weaker and its people poorer.
Japan eventually surpassed China as the most prosperous and modern nation in Eastern Asia.
Effects of Unequal Treaties The Chinese government now only existed on paper, not in reality The foreigners could do anything they wanted to China as they only had to follow their own laws. Foreign goods were now cheaper than Chinese goods were China was carved up into spheres of influence which is where one nation claims there part of China for their special privileges.
The Massacre at Tiananmen Square 1. On June 3, 1989, the government of China sent in heavily armed troops and tanks into Tiananmen Square to clear away the student demonstrators 2. The students were there protesting for more political freedoms and democracy in the government. 3. The troops killed around 1,000 of the demonstrators 4. Though Deng allowed greater economic freedoms, there were never any political freedoms 5. Most of the protesters were students that had been educated in countries that were free so they wanted to bring that freedom to China
In the spring of 1989 student began to congregate at Tiananmen Square in Beijing which is the largest square in China
The students wanted greater freedom, and end to corruption
The government saw the protesters as a threat to their rule and threaten to strike at them but the students refused to go
The whole world watched all this on the news.
Hong Kong The British got Hong Kong in 1842 from the Chinese after the Treaty of Nanking ended the Opium wars. the British kept Hong Kong until 1997 Under the British Hong Kong became the third most important financial center in the world after New York and London. It’s manufacturing out produced all of mainland China. After China took over Hong Kong, they left it a capitalist city because of all the money it brought to China. In 2002, China became a member of the World Trade Organization World Trade Organization – An international organization promoting trade among nations. It helps its members complete business transactions. It also acts as a neutral judge to solve disputes. End Sec. 2