4 Countries


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  • The BRG is also known as the “Queen’s Guard”. They have special uniforms and are only located at the palace. They are both an infantry and a cavalry.
  • Traditional beefeaters were the special soldiers that guarded the Tower of London. They looked after the prisoners and also protected the crown jewels. The name comes from French, “buffetier”, which were the guards of the king’s food. For hundreds of years, these guards were paid with money AND with excellent portions of beef.
  • People from Wales speak Welsh. It does not sound like English at all!
  • Bagpipes are the traditional Scottish instrument. Edinburg Castle is world famous.
  • Very crowded cities…. Very few people in the countryside.
  • Parliament and Big Ben
  • St. Basil’s Cathedral is one of Russia’s most famous buildings
  • The Ural mountains provide a natural border separating western Russia from the rest of the country. Western Russian has a much warmer climate, while the middle and eastern part of Russia are extremely cold.
  • Dmitry Medvedev
  • This is the Rhine River.
  • Giorgio NAPOLITANO
  • 4 Countries

    1. 1. 4 European Countries <ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>EQ: WHY are people attracted to certain regions to live? </li></ul>
    3. 3. U. K. <ul><li>4 regions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Ireland </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. ENGLAND
    5. 5. British Royal Guard
    6. 6. Beefeaters
    7. 7. Wales
    8. 8. Scotland
    9. 9. North Ireland
    10. 10. U.K. Population / Languages <ul><li>Population: 60 million people live in the U.K. </li></ul><ul><li>Wales – 2.9 millions </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland – 5.1 million </li></ul><ul><li>North Ireland – 1.8 million </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: 90% of the UK’s people live in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Languages: </li></ul><ul><li>English, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic </li></ul>
    11. 11. Government <ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>The political leader is called the Prime Minister. </li></ul><ul><li>The UK also has a constitutional monarchy , in which the king or queen is the official head of state. </li></ul>
    12. 12. British Parliament Building
    13. 13. Prime Minister – Gordon Brown
    14. 14. Queen Elizabeth of England
    15. 15. Location <ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>all the </li></ul><ul><li>ISLANDS?? </li></ul>
    16. 16. English Channel
    17. 17. Resources <ul><li>Major export: manufactured goods </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: coal, petroleum, and </li></ul><ul><li>natural </li></ul><ul><li>gas </li></ul>
    18. 18. RUSSIA
    19. 19. Location
    20. 20. <ul><li>Saint </li></ul><ul><li>Basil’s </li></ul><ul><li>Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>is one of </li></ul><ul><li>Russia’s </li></ul><ul><li>most famous </li></ul><ul><li>buildings. </li></ul>
    21. 22. Population / Languages <ul><li>Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with 145.5 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile. (see next slide) </li></ul><ul><li>Russian and local village languages </li></ul>
    22. 23. (population map)
    23. 24. Government <ul><li>Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia has moved away from a communist government. </li></ul><ul><li>Today Russia is a democracy , (a government in which people freely elect their leaders) AND </li></ul><ul><li>a federal republic (the power is divided between national and state governments) </li></ul>
    24. 25. President - Dmitry Medvedev
    25. 26. Climate <ul><li>Western Russia has a continental climate . Summers are warm and rainy, while winters are cold and snowy. </li></ul>
    26. 27. Climate <ul><li>Northern Russia is a tundra and the land is frozen all year. </li></ul><ul><li>Siberia is a famous part of the Russian tundra. </li></ul>
    27. 28. Siberia
    28. 29. Natural Resources <ul><li>Major export: petroleum </li></ul><ul><li>Bauxite, coal, copper, fishing, </li></ul>
    29. 30. GERMANY
    30. 31. Location <ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>the LAND on </li></ul><ul><li>sides? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>the small </li></ul><ul><li>peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>on top? </li></ul>
    31. 33. Population / Language <ul><li>Germany has 82.6 </li></ul><ul><li>million people. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of its rivers </li></ul><ul><li>and fertile land, Germany’s </li></ul><ul><li>northern plain has many </li></ul><ul><li>cities and towns. </li></ul><ul><li>People speak German. </li></ul>
    32. 34. The Rhine River <ul><li>The Rhine River </li></ul><ul><li>Has a HUGE impact </li></ul><ul><li>on Germany’s </li></ul><ul><li>cities, population, </li></ul><ul><li>economy and </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation. </li></ul>
    33. 35. Government <ul><li>Federal Republic (US and Russia) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in which the national and state governments share power. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Chancellor - chosen by the parliament and is the real head of government. </li></ul><ul><li>President - serves as head of state, but only has ceremonial powers. </li></ul>
    34. 36. President and Chancellor <ul><li>President: </li></ul><ul><li>Horst Köhler </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellor: </li></ul><ul><li>Angela Merkel </li></ul>
    35. 37. Climate <ul><li>Because of its mountainous landscape, Germany has a cool climate. Part of the Alps are in the South. </li></ul>
    36. 38. Natural Resources <ul><li>The Ruhr ranks (in west Germany) has one of the WORLD’s LARGEST deposits of coal and iron ore . </li></ul><ul><li>Black Forest is a huge producer of timber. </li></ul>
    37. 39. ITALY
    38. 40. Location <ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>the funny </li></ul><ul><li>Peninsula? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you see </li></ul><ul><li>How close it </li></ul><ul><li>is to Africa? </li></ul>
    39. 42. Population <ul><li>Italy has 57.2 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>About 70% of the population live in towns and cities. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 90% of Italians work in manufacturing and service industries. </li></ul>
    40. 43. Languages <ul><li>The people of Italy speak Italian </li></ul><ul><li>(which developed from Latin, the language of ancient Rome) </li></ul><ul><li>Italian is closely related to French and Spanish </li></ul>
    41. 44. Natural Resources <ul><li>Major export: metal </li></ul><ul><li>coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land </li></ul>
    42. 45. Government <ul><li>After WWII, Italy became a democratic government , although it is not stable. </li></ul><ul><li>Many political parties exist in Italy, and no single party has been strong enough to gain control alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Italy is unique because often two or more political parties work together to run the country. </li></ul>
    43. 46. President – Giorgio Napolitano
    44. 47. Climate <ul><li>Most of Italy has a mild climate of sunny summers and rainy winters. </li></ul><ul><li>In spring and summer, hot dry winds called siroccos blow across Italy from North Africa. </li></ul>
    45. 48. 4 European Countries….. <ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Which one would you live in? </li></ul>