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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Table of contents 1.0 – Rural 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Introduction Buildings Landscape Nature Infrastructure Space 2.0 – Suburban 1. Introduction 2. Buildings 3. Infrastructure 4. Space 5. Nature 6. Landscape 3.0 – Urban 1. Introduction 2. Buildings 3. Transportation System 4. Infrastructure 5. Nature 6. Space 4.0 – Comparison of Rural, Suburban & Urban 5.0 – Conclusion 6.0 – Reference 1
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context RURAL AREA JANDA BAIK 2
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Introduction A tiny village located in Pahang, Malaysia is Janda Baik. The location is 30 km from Kuala Lumpur. The village is loosely with a population of 1000 people. The location has a cool breezing tropical climate of 22 C at night to 28 C in the day as it is surrounded with a natural tropical rain forest at altitude of 600–800 m above sea level. There is a significant difference in temperature between this location and Kuala Lumpur where the maximum temperature reaches 34 C in the day. The village is situated near Genting Sempah which is about 40 minutes to drive from Kuala Lumpur. Most of the accommodation in the area allows organization of motivational courses. It also provides various recreational activities such as jungle trekking, waterfalls, water rafting, off road 4 wheel drive, flying fox and abseiling. 3 View slide
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Location of the site 4 View slide
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Landscape 13
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Nature 19
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Space 27
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context SUBURBAN AREA SUBANG JAYA SS15 31
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Introduction to suburban site Suburban is a residential area which consists of different and a mixed of buildings and lifestyle. Besides that, Subang Jaya is also a suburban city in the Klang Valley, Selangor, Malaysia. Subang Jaya consists of ss12 to ss19, Bandar Sunway, USJ, Putra Heights and Batu Tiga. Subang Jaya has different building types like terrace, semi-d, bungalow, apartment and condominium to cater to different range of people in terms of income. Subang Jaya was originally a township of Petaling Jaya. However, due to the rapid increase and the high population that has flooded Subang Jaya, Subang Jaya has earned its own urban administrative which is the Majlis Perbandaran Subang Jaya or MPSJ. SS15 is a vibrant and popular commercial and residential area located at the heart of Subang Jaya. Subang Jaya consist of hotels, education centers, education institutions, banks, eateries, bakeries, services, offices, churches and many more. Besides that, ss15 also have many facilities like commercial center, playground, outdoor parks, bus stop and so on. Therefore, we chose ss15 as our suburban site which is located in Subang Jaya. Besides that, we chose to cover ss15 and the area around Taylors’ college as our main area in the suburban site. Outside Taylors’ college buildings. 32
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context The different road names found in ss15 area, Jalan SS15/1a, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/2a, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/2f, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/3, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/3a, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/3b, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/4, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/4a, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/4b, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/4c, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/4d, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/4e, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/4g, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/5, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/5a, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/5b, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/5c, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/5e, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/5f, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/5g, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/6, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/6a, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/7, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/8, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/8a, Subang Jaya, Selangor Jalan SS15/8b, Subang Jaya, Selangor 33
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Map of Subang Jaya, SS15 34
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Satellite view of Subang Jaya, SS15 35
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Type of buildings found in SS15 Double-storey shop lots in ss15 SS15 consist of many double-storey shop lots. This shop lots used to be owned by business man and they lived upstairs with their family. Nowadays, both up and down stairs of the double-stories shop lots in ss15 are mostly operated by different owners with different business on their own. Besides that, ss15 also have many education institution buildings like Taylors’ college, Inti college and Sri KL. Besides that, commercial buildings like First Subang which have many eateries, offices for working and many more. 37
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context An example of the different businesses in a double-storey shop lot. Different owners operate their business in a double-story shop lot. This is also due to the expensive rental rate of the shop lot. In the example above, a Korean BBQ restaurant operates right at the top of Mcdonald’s restaurant. Business still goes on as usual. Both this restaurants are walking distance from the education institution like Inti and Taylors’ college which also improves business. Mcdonald is a widely seek restaurant by students as it has free wifi and operates 24 hour daily. 38
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Inti College Subang Jaya in ss15 SS15 has many educational institution buildings like Inti College Subang Jaya and Taylors’ College. This shows that ss15 is a very strategic location as students will flock in and make the place lively. Besides colleges, there are also schools that offers language courses, tuition classes and many more. Taylors’ Canadian Pre-University 39
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context First Subang Commercial building in ss15 First Subang ss15 is a high-rise commercial building that is build right at the heart of subang jaya. First Subang is developed by Titijaya Group and consist of office towers on top of a retail mall. In First Subang, it includes a purpose-built supermarket (Giant). Although First Subang is not a Class A commercial office such as KLCC or KL Sentral, it is one of the best office building due to its combination of office and retail which are technology ready for today’s modern world. In First Subang, there is many cafes, restaurants, pubs and a hypermarket for conveniences. 40
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Public Bank building in ss15 In ss15 area, there is also many bank businesses. Almost all banks branches can be found in ss15 including Public Bank, Affin bank, Alliance Bank, EON Bank, RHB Bank, Maybank and Southern Bank. Hong Leong Bank in ss15 Subang Square commercial building. 41
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Residential area in ss15 There are different types of houses that caters to the different income range of the people living in Subang Jaya. In ss15 itself which is a well-known commercial area also have a residential area for people to live in. There is terrace houses, semi-detached, bungalow and even apartment in ss15. 42
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Types of Infrastructure Pedestrian bridge that connects ss14 to ss15 The pedestrian bridge connects ss14 to ss15. In this way, it allows people from the ss14 residential area to cross and come over ss15. This infrastructure also allows students that rents room from ss14 to come over to ss15 for their studies in college. The pedestrian bridge also serves to protect the civilians from crossing the streets safely. Besides that, it also shortens the time taken for people and civilians to get to their destination safely. Side mirror on the bridge A view of the pedestrian bridge from ss15 44
  • Public phone in the walking Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context lane in ss15 The public phone is an infrastructure built for the public to use. This phone is located near Inti and Taylors’ college. The public phone facility is prepared for the public to call whenever they need to. The public phone also allows the people to dial 999 whenever there is an emergency without using any coins. This facility is necessary in case when there is an emergency situation. 45
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Fire hose in Taylors’ college ss15 Fire hydrant found in Taylors’ college Incase of fire emergency, there is also the facility of the fire hose and hydrant prepared. A convex mirror found in ss15 A signboard found in ss15 Convex mirror for cars to see a wider angle. Signboard is to direct people into certain places and also to convey certain information. 46
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Types of space Open Space Open spaces are commonly open to the people like garden and so on. From the image above, you can see that the place is widely open and free from things. An open space area in the garden 50
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Crowded This area was taken in ss15 rojak and cendol stall which is located near the Subang Square area. From the picture, you can deduct that it is crowded and packed with people lining up to buy the wellknown Rojak. 51
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Dynamic This area was taken around the back alley of ss15, it shows the dynamic of the colors and the creative graffiti art. 52
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Flora and Fauna This is a pointy plant planted at the walking path. This is another type of plant planted at the sidewalk. 53
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Landscape - Softscapes Taylors’ college pathway and waiting area Softscapes are man made garden or nature that are planned by man. Plants are planted everywhere surrounding the city. This area allows people to sit down and relax after college and work. At the same time it also provides a place for people to wait for transport to arrive. Taylors’ college garden 54
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Inti college pathway The plant planted at the side of the pathway is also another form of softscape which decorates the area and beautify it. This area is found outside Inti college. Many types of plants are chosen to be planted in our harsh environment in our city. Somehow they still manage to survive even through harsh conditions. 55
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Hardscapes The concrete tiles gives out lots of pattern and decoration to the landscape. This area was around ss15 near the colleges. 56
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context The concrete stone pathway is also another hardscape that gives decoration and pattern to the surrounding. It also enhances and beautify the landscape making it more attractive. 57
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context This is a man-made water fountain located at Taylors’ college surroundings. There are made up of stones and solid concrete while blending together with the nature planted surrounding it. There is also a pool surrounding it which gives a calming effect and atmosphere. This is a waiting spot and also a pickup spot. 58
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context URBAN AREA LOW YAT PLAZA 59
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context INTRODUCTION TO URBAN AREA An urban area is characterized by higher population density and vast human features in comparison to the areas surrounding it. Urban areas may be cities, towns or conurbations. Urban areas are created and further developed by the process of urbanization. An urban area is the region that surrounding a city. Most inhabitants of urban areas have nonagricultural jobs. Urban areas are very developed, meaning there is a density of human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads, bridges, and railways. One type of urban area is a town. A town is generally larger than a village, but smaller than a city. Some geographers further define a town as having 2,500 to 25,000 residents. Urban areas in Malaysia are usually laid out in a grid or radial pattern. Either street is laid in right angles to each other forming a grid, or the streets run toward the centre of the city and meet at a central point. The population in Malaysia is concentrated largely in urban areas. KLCC is a part of urban area. 60
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Map of Low Yat Plaza Satellite view of Low Yat Plaza 61
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context INTRODUCTION TO JALAN BUKIT BINTANG On the 17th of October 2013, we went to Low Yat Plaza, Bukit Bintang to do research on urban area context. Bukit Bintang, stylized as Bintang Walk or Starhill is the name of shopping and entertainment district of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It encompasses Jalan Bukit Bintang and its immediate surrounding areas. The area has long been Kuala Lumpur’s landmark shopping centres, swanky bars, night markets, as well as hawker-type eateries. This area is popular among tourists and locals, especially for the young. Bukit Bintang nestled within Kuala Lumpur’s Golden Triangle, the Bukit Bintang district begin with Jalan Bukit Bintang which starts at Jalan Raja Chulan and ends at Pudu Road. The two other road that border the Bukit Bintang district of Jalan Sultan Ismail which interests it and Imbi Road at the south. These are the roads that are considered part of the entertainment district. 1. 2. 3. 4. Jalan Walter Grenier Jalan Bulan Changkat Bukit Bintang Jalan Alor Bukit Bintang is one of the city’s shopping districts. Many of the city’s major retail malls are located in this area, including Berjaya Times Square, Bukit Bintang Plaza, Imbi Plaza, Fahrenheit 88, Low Yat Plaza, Starhill Gallery, Sungei Wang Plaza, Lot 10 and Pavilion KL. Plaza Low Yat, is a shopping centre specializing in electronics and IT products in Malaysia. In year 2009, Plaza Low Yat was named “Malaysia Largest IT Lifestyle Mall” by the Malaysia Books of Records. In terms of the access by road, Bukit Bintang may owe its responsibility high accessibility to its status as a popular destination among locals and tourists. There are three driving directions from Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus to Low Yat Plaza, we took the highly suggested routes that is by using Lebuhraya Shah Alam and Lebuhraya Kuala Lumpur-Putrajaya. It’s 21.5 kilometers away from campus and it took about 22 minutes to reach there. Besides that, the other two routes are by using Lebuhraya Pantai Baru and Lebuhraya Smart, and Lebuhraya Persekutuan. The time needed is approximately about 25 minutes to 30 minutes. 62
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Other than that, we can take Klang Valley Integrated Rail System monorail line too. The monorail line is from Titiwangsa along to Chow Kit, Medan Tuanku, Bukit Nanas, Raja Chulan, Bukit Bintang, Imbi, Maharajalela and Tun Sambanthan. We can walk from Bukit Bintang station to Low Yat Plaza within five minutes. It’s only 350 meters away from the monorail station. View of Low Yat Plaza from the outside. The inside view of Low Yat Plaza from the top floor. 63
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context 64
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Buildings Pavilion Kuala Lumpur Front view of Pavilion. At the heart of the trendy Bukit Bintang district lies the perfect reason to indulge in fashion, food and urban leisure. Pavilion is 1.37 mil sq ft retail haven with 500 outlets offering the finest fashion and home furnishing to entertainment and culinary delights. Let the endless appeal of Malaysia’s premier shopping destination awaken your senses the moment you arrive at its doorstep. Witness the Pavilion Crystal Fountain, a new national landmark. It is the Tallest Liuli Crystal Fountain in Malaysia endorsed by The Malaysia Book of Records. Another first in Malaysia is Pavilion KL’s seven distinguished shopping precincts and a row of street-front duplexes housing flagship boutiques from the world over. Pavilion provide services like concierge, dining concierge and valet services. The transportation here is very convenient too. There are few ways to get here, we can take by KL Monorail train, Rapid KL bus, taxi and car. 65
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Sungei Wang Plaza A view from outside Sungei Wang Plaza. Sungei Wang Plaza is internationally known as “The River of Gold”. Sungei Wang Plaza offers visitors more than 800 retail outlets in one shopping haven complete with ample parking spaces, functional facilities and accessible public transportations. Sungei Wang Plaza, being 36 years old, it still remain a 100%-occupancy mall with the highest visiting traffic in Malaysia, though visitors more towards the young crowd. It features mainly trend Asian-inspired fast-retailed fashion at bargain places. It’s a place where a lot of artist or singer that came from overseas organizes their autograph session here. This is one of the main reason why the population in Sungei Wang Plaza remain high all the time. Sungei Wang Plaza is just located beside Low Yat Plaza. So, it is very convenient that we just have to walk within three minutes from Low Yat Plaza to reach Sungei Wang Plaza. 66
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Berjaya Times Square View of Berjaya Times Square. Berjaya Times Square is a 48-storey, 203 meters (666 ft) twin tower, hotel, condominium, indoor amusement park and shopping centre complex in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The development is currently the eighth largest building in the world. This building consists of shopping mall, business office and leisure centre with 1000 retail shops, 1200 luxury services suites, 65 food outlets and entertainment attractions such as Berjaya Times Square Theme Park and GSC MAXX 2D & 3D theatre. From Low Yat Plaza to Berjaya Times Square, it’s just 1,400 meters away and it will just take you 5 minutes by driving car. 67
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Transportation network Light rail transit (LRT) Photo of light rail transit (LRT). Light rail transit (LRT) station can be found near Low Yat Plaza. Light rail transit is typically an urban form of public transport using steel-tracked fixed guide ways that operate primarily along exclusive rights of way and have vehicles capable of operating as a single train or as multiple units coupled together. RapidKL Rail is a public rail network operated by RapidKL in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The RapidKL Rail network contains two Light Rail Transit (LRT) lines, comprising the Ampang and Kelana Jaya Lines, and the KL Monorail. 68
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Light rail transit routes An image of light rail transit routes from RapidKL. 69
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  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Bus RapidKL bus A RapidKL bus goes around the city. RapidKL bus is the largest bus operator in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. As of 2011, it operates 167 routes with 1,400 buses covering 980 residential areas with a ridership of about 400,000 per day. RapidKL is however not the only bus operator in Kuala Lumpur and the Klang Valley. Other buses operators such as Metrobus, Len Seng Omnibus Co Ltd. and Selangor Omnibus Co. Ltd also serve the Klang Valley. There are a lot of bus stations that we can find around the city. There will be one bus coming in 20 to 30 minutes. It’s very convenient to the user of RapidKL bus and using more public transportation helps to save the environment too. 71
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Types of infrastructure Public telephone booth Public telephone booth nearby Low Yat Plaza. Public telephone booth can be found just outside Low Yat Plaza. The user of the telephone booth pays for the call by inserting coins into a slot on the telephone. With some telephones the deposit is made before making the call, and the coins are returned if the call attempt is unsuccessful (busy, no answer, etc.). Calls may be paid for by entering a payment code on the telephone’s keypad, by using a telephone card. All payphones require dial-tone services, allowing coinless access to the emergency telephone number such as 999 to the police station. 72
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Fire hose A fire hose outside Low Yat Plaza. There is a fire hose outside Low Yat Plaza. A fire hose is a high-pressure hose that carries water or other fire retardant (such as foam) to a fire to extinguish it. Fire hose is usually manufactured in a plant that specializes in providing hose products to municipal, industrial, and forestry fire departments. Fire hose is water supply service that is need by our Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia. Our bomba team uses it when there is a fire. 73
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Flora and Fauna Photo of flora outside Low Yat Plaza. This plant is just right outside of Low Yat Plaza. It softens out the hard landscape by giving its greenery. 74
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Trees are planted everywhere around the city. Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur (DBKL) who is in charge of taking care of all the trees and plants in the city of Kuala Lumpur. 75
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Type of space A wall full of art near Low Yat Plaza. The paint on the wall shows a dynamic effect and the same time gives a dynamic feel to the viewer. Besides that, the contrast of the colour gives the viewer a pleasant feeling. 76
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Comparison of Rural, Suburban & Urban Rural Buildings Suburban Urban Single storey houses, double storey houses, wooden houses Shop lots, double storey houses, apartments, condominiums, semi-detached, bungalows Skyscrapers, multilevel buildings, apartments, condominiums Landscape Forest reserved, hilly area, waterfall area Parks, gardens, buildings, manmade landscape Skyscrapers, parks, garden, man-made landscape Nature Flowers, plants, natural plants, lake, river, waterfall, mountain, coconut trees Parks, garden, man-made fountain, concrete walking pathway with plants, trees planted between buildings Parks, garden, man-made fountain, concrete walking pathway with plants, trees planted between buildings Infrastructure Fire hose, primary and secondary schools Fire hose, bus station, walking pathway, higher education institution Fire hose, bus station, LRT, walking pathway, higher education institution Space Open space, calm, enchanted Crowded, dynamic, overpowering Crowded, dynamic, overpowering, enchanted 77
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Conclusion We have learnt a lot after experiencing first hand being in the place. The experience with some research brought us to a conclusion knowing the differences in the context of infrastructure in rural area, suburb area, and urban area. For example, the comparison between the rural area, Janda Baik and suburb area which is Subang Jaya ss15 is distinguishable by a huge comparison. Being in a rural area, you don’t have access to many facilities that the suburb has like higher education institutions and many more. Even though Janda Baik has less facilities opportunity but it also soars better compared to the suburb and urban areas in terms of its natural and original composition. For example would be there is natural waterfall, river and also fresher air in Janda Baik when compared to the urbanized area. Janda baik also have very pleasant sight from the busy urban area that we are used to seeing every day here. Apart from that, in suburban areas like Subang Jaya ss15 which is busier and livelier when compared to Janda Baik a rural area. We can see that Subang Jaya currently is also building its LRT station nearby which also tells us how Subang Jaya is developing rapidly to turn into a fully urbanized area in the years to come. Subang Jaya ss15 has been growing in population and is busy all year round. Besides that, urban areas like Bukit Bintang which consist of many skyscrapers and beautiful tall towers and buildings have its own unique distinction which separates it from others as well. For example, there are many more job opportunities available when compared to rural areas like Janda Baik. Because of the better infrastructure and facilities built around the urban areas like Bukit Bintang, people have better transportation system which allows them to travel freely and comfortable. Therefore, people lead a more enjoyable and comfortable lifestyle with all the facilities in the urban context. Moreover, because of better road network system, people from suburban areas too flood in to urban city for working. That is another reason that explains for the traffic jams that usually happens in crowded cities which can be quite frustrating. All in all, we have learnt the different lifestyle lead by the people which are living in different areas in Malaysia. It’s an amazing experience in getting to know all the different types of lifestyles lead by the people living in different context. I would say that this experience will definitely help us in the future to fully understand the differences and to build a bridge to reach out to the differences. 78
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Reference Images Pavilion picture - http://www.kampunginvestor.com/pavilion-reit-ipo/ Sungei Wang Plaza picture - http://hartanah123.com/2011/11/03/sungei-wang-plazaground-floor-for-rent/ Hong Leong Bank picture - http://ss15my.blogspot.com/2009/10/hong-leong-bank.html First Subang picture - http://www.propwall.my/subang_jaya/first_subang Subang jaya picture - http://www.propwall.my/subang_jaya/ss15 Transportation - http://www.myrapid.com.my/ Definition http://www.thefreedictionary.com/greeneries http://www.thefreedictionary.com/dynamic http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardscape http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Softscape http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire_hydrant http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curved_mirror http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire_hose http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrastructure http://www.sungeiwang.com/ http://www.pavilion-kl.com/content/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Low_Yat_Plaza Location https://www.facebook.com/DanauDaun/info http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janda_Baik http://www.amanrimba.com 79
  • Case Study of the Rural, Suburban and Urban Context Maps Google Maps & bing 80