Study of ethics


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Study of ethics

  2. 2. The value of studying ethics inlife is a must responsibility andsuch, is also obligatory. Notbecause we are purposelydriven nor illuminated by itsessence, it is already deeplyimbued to us. It only needs tobe followed every time weundertake any actions orendeavor in life.
  3. 3. Such actions areconsidered ethical orunethical depending onthe intention and its effectto the receiver. Bear inmind that there is alwaysan effect after everyundertaking.
  4. 4. In ethics, we askif it must be. Whatyou think is rightis the bottomline.That’s ETHICS!
  5. 5. ETHICSoIt is defined as thescience of the moralityof human acts.oDerived from theGreek word ethosmeaning “characteristicway of living.” While inLatin is mos, moresmeaning tradition orcustom.
  6. 6. Human Acts - are actionsperformed byhuman, knowingly and freely - also calledintentional or deliberateactions, or, voluntary. Acts of Man - in contrary to human acts, it is involuntary and instinctive and unintentional.
  7. 7. o Ethics is also said to be the study of human motivation, and ultimately, of human rational behavior.o Ethics is morality. *Morality – is the quality of human acts by which they are determined as good, bad, or indifferent.
  8. 8. Ethics is Moral Philosophy and isdistinguished from Moral Theology.oAs a branch ofphilosophy, it reliessolely on humanreason toinvestigate truths.oOn the otherhand, MoralTheology employsreason insofar as itis enlightened byfaith or divinerevelation.
  9. 9. ETHICS AS VALUE EDUCATIONoIt takes the value ofValue Education byguiding individuals inchoosing wisely his valuesand in acting upon them.oIt is also the rationalfoundation of any attemptat Values Education. Itexplains human values inrelation to the ultimatepurpose of humanexistence.
  10. 10. THE ART OF CORRECTLIVINGIn this context, Ethics is an art.Art, literally means appreciation of beauty.It implies order and harmony of parts in agiven whole.Human life does not imply merely physicalsurvival. The demands of daily lifeincludes and derives meaning from thecultivation of these traits that truly relatesman’s innate dignity.
  11. 11. ETHICS IS AN ART BECAUSE:1. It is the breath of life. -Itpulsates withthe desire forgrowth anddevelopment.
  12. 12. 2. It is master plan. - It indicates where man must go and what he/she ought to do in order to live well.
  13. 13. IMPORTANCE OFETHICSIt is an indespensableknowledge.Moral integrity is the only truemeasure of what man ought tobe.oMorality is the foundation ofevery human society.
  15. 15. This approach assumes that onlymatter exists and that man is onlyresponsible to himself since there isno god who creates and rules theuniverse.It favors science than religion.It tries to centralized scientificideology.Its followers are called atheist.
  17. 17. PROPOSE PRINCIPLES OF THE AETHEISTIC APPROACH:1. Matter is the only reality.2. Man is matter and does not have spiritual dimension.3. Man is free and must exercise his freedom to promote society’s welfare.4. There is no life after death.5. Man is accountable to the state..
  19. 19. It begins with the assumption that God isthe Supreme Lawgiver.Employs the aid of a favoring religion.God’s will is the core of this approach. Itbelieves that God is the point of origin.With God’s will, man must exercise hisfreedom.
  20. 20. POSTULATED TRUTHS OF THE THEISTIC APPROACH:1. God is the Supreme Creator and Lawgiver.2. Man is free and must use his freedom to promote his personal and social interests along with his fellownmen.3. Man has an immortal soul which cannot die.4. Man is accountable for his actions, both good and evil.
  21. 21. “To one who has faith, no explanation is needed. To one who has no faith,no explanation is possible.” - St. Thomas Aquinas
  22. 22. ETHICS AND RELIGION Ethics is a science and depends upon rational investigation of itstruth. Religion is a system and practices based on faith or revelation.This two is inseperable from one anotherfor religion is a frontrunner of ethics andethics has been a norm for every religion.It teaches the value of religion, presentingit as a duty to the Almighty.On the other hand, religion, composed of aunified hierarchy, teaches ethics andcontinues to enrich with its moral insight.
  23. 23. ETHICS AND LAW Ethics studies human motivation. It goes deeper than the study of external actions. Just like religion, law is also Law is inseperable from ethics.concerned withthe externality Ethics is governed by law of the act. and law is the basis of ethics.
  24. 24. Ethical norms cover thoughts andfeelings. Laws don’t judge man’sthoughts and feelings.Morality therefore, has a widerimplication than law, because law canbe moral or immoral,Ethics is not simply a body of do’sand don’ts in the manner laws are.It’s a personal commitment to upholdwhat is true and good.
  25. 25. PROFESSIONAL ETHICSEven professions in every field areregulated by norms so not to produce anyunwanted effect on their side as theypractice it. Each profession is subject to aset of moral code. This Code of Ethicsguides the actuation of a professionalwhere the law is silent and inadequate.
  26. 26. A Code of Ethicsimpliesthat, beforeanything else, aprofessional is aperson who hasthe obligation tolisten to the“dictates ofreason.”
  27. 27. A Code of Ethicsimpliesthat, beforeanything else, aprofessional is aperson who hasthe obligation tolisten to the“dictates ofreason.”
  28. 28. COMPONENTS OF PROFESSIONAL ETHICS1. Honesty - this refers to the truthfulness and straightforwardness along with the absence of lying, cheating or theft.2. Integrity - the honesty and truthfulness or accuracy of ones actions.
  29. 29. 3. Transparency - impliesopenness, communication, andaccountability.4. Accountability - is blameworthiness, liability, and theexpectation of account-giving.5. Confidentiality - is a set of rules or a promise thatlimits access or places restrictions oncertain types of information.
  30. 30. 6. Respect - gives a positive feelingof esteem or deference fora person or other entity.7. Obedience to the law - faithfulness and beingtruthful to the law.