Coates   Food Sovereignty   Long
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Coates Food Sovereignty Long

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Nature's Route Farm's perception of current agriculture in Canada

Nature's Route Farm's perception of current agriculture in Canada

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  • Introduction -Who -Why -Purpose – growing food

Coates   Food Sovereignty   Long Coates Food Sovereignty Long Presentation Transcript

  • Nature’s Route Farm and FOOD SOVEREIGNTY Kent and Ruth Coates Nature’s Route Farm 785 Route 16 Point de Bute, NB E4L 2P1 (506) 536-3562 [email_address] www.sackvillecsa.org
    • Put a Face on Farming
    • Growing Food
    • Sustainable
      • Environmentally Responsible
      • Farm Ecology
      • SAFE FOOD!!!
      • Farm Income
    • Canadian Agriculture and Food
    • Consumer Options
    Nature’s Route Farm Outline
    • Despite working almost 2 hours a day longer than the average Canadian, farmers donate more time to their community (by more than an hour per week).
    • Average Farm Household makes 3.2% less than Average Canadian Household
    • 1996-2001 = 10% fewer farmers in Canada
    • Almost half of all farmers have to work off the farm.
    • Canadian Farmers grow high quality food that meets stringent Health Canada requirements.
    Nature’s Route Farm Who are our Farmers?
    • 74000 (30%) farm operators will retire within 15 years
    • Retiring Farmers own ½ Canadian Farm Assets
    • 75% of Retiring Farmers have not designated a successor.
    • Farmers DO NOT want their children to Farm.
    Nature’s Route Farm Who are our Farmers?
  • Nature’s Route Farm What do Farmers Do? Executive Director Business Planner Technician Accountant Mechanic Carpenter Machinery Operator Labourer Supervisor Veterinary Marketing
  • Nature’s Route Farm Why is Farming Important?
    • Globally - 6,600,000,000 people and growing
    • - 886kg (1950lbs*) of food/person/year (US)
    • - 5,850,000,000,000kg of food per year
    • New Brunswick
    • -750,000 people  1,462,500,000 lbs of food per year!!!
    • -We import about 85% of our food (1,200,000,000lbs per year)
    • All Food Should Come from Farms
    • * The ERS Food Consumption (Per Capita) Data System .
    • *United Nations 1993
  • Nature’s Route Farm GROWING FOOD
    • Soil Nutrients
      • The Source of Agriculture Pollution
      • Manure vs Synthetic Fertilizer
      • Compost
      • Nutrient Transport Cycle
      • Green Manures
    • Soil pH
      • Limestone in Atlantic Canada
    • Soil Life
      • Compost Tea
      • Composted Manure
    • Maximize Nutrient Availability!!!
    Food Sewage
  • Nature’s Route Farm GROWING FOOD
    • Weed Control
      • Soil Preparation – rotate crops to break weed cycle
      • Planting Timing – false seeding, minimum tillage
      • Manual Weeding
      • Herbicides (not used at Nature’s Route Farm)
    • Insect Control
      • Rotation of Crops – break insect’s life cycle
      • Planting Timing – Avoid insect’s damaging life stage
      • Manual Removal
      • Predatory Insects
      • Insecticides
  • Nature’s Route Farm GROWING FOOD
    • Fungus Control
      • Rotate Crops – avoid build up of spores
      • Integration or Removal of Crop Waste
      • Keep plants strong
      • Avoid Spread – not touching beans when wet
      • Fungicides (not used at Nature’s Route Farm)
    • Animal Control
      • Predators – Fencing, Companion Animals and Dogs
      • Herbivores – Electric Fencing
  • Nature’s Route Farm GROWING FOOD
    • Weather
      • Rain – Too much
        • Rots seeds
        • Poor Germination
        • De-nitrification
        • Soil Disposition is a major factor
        • Soil Health improves drainage
        • Humidity
      • Rain – Too Little
        • Poor germination
        • Small yields
        • Soil Disposition is a factor
        • Soil Health improves water retention
      • Wind – damages crops, especially with rain, blows buildings away
      • Lightning – Burns Chicken Coops…
  • Nature’s Route Farm SELLING AND MOVING FOOD
    • Wholesale – economy of scale – agri-business
    • Retail
      • Marketing
      • Time Consuming
      • Large Overhead
    • CSA – Community Supported Agriculture
      • Reduces marketing
      • Provides Consumers with Really Fresh, SAFE Food
  • Nature’s Route Farm SUSTAINABILITY
    • Environmentally Responsible
    • Pesticides - Health Canada – Elimination of Persistent Chemicals
    • Prudent Use of Nutrients – Manure and Synthetic
    • Minimize High Energy Transportation
    • -Minimize Distance
    • -Surface Transport
  • Nature’s Route Farm SUSTAINABILITY
    • Farm System
    Grow Desired Crops Feed Animals Local Grain and Grass Grow Green Manures, Catch Crops and Ground Covers Apply Composted Manure and Soil Amendments
  • Nature’s Route Farm SUSTAINABILITY
    • SAFE FOOD!!!
    • Know what is in your Food.
  • Nature’s Route Farm SUSTAINABILITY
    • Income
      • Fresh and Local Food requires Canadian Farmers to receive a fair price for their produce.
      • The alternative is non-controllable imported food.
  • Nature’s Route Farm Canadian Agriculture
    • “ Sleeping Giant” – We import so much food people do not realize how much our agriculture has eroded.
  • Nature’s Route Farm Canadian Agriculture
    • -Farmers’ Reputation
    • -Pollution
    • -Tax Dollars
  • Nature’s Route Farm Canadian Agriculture
    • -Loss of Knowledge Set
    • -Loss of Canadian Infrastructure
    • -Loss of Young Farmers
  • Nature’s Route Farm Canadian Agriculture
    • -Infrastructure vs. Insurance
    • Until 2005 Food Prices Dropped (75% from 1974-2005)
    • Agribusiness runs on credit
    • Biofuel or Food?
  • Nature’s Route Farm Canadian Agriculture
    • How has this Happened?
    • - Labelling Laws – Product of Canada or Made in Canada?
    • -Increase cost and regulation of production in Canada
    • -Climate and Climate Change
    • -Uncontrolled imported Food
    • -Lack of Political Will (cheap food policy)
  • Nature’s Route Farm What Can Consumers Do?
    • Michael Pollan – In Defense of Food
    • - Buy REAL Food
    • - Buy food from where it is grown
    • Mark Bittman – Food Matters
    • Demand healthy food grown to HEALTH CANADA standards!
  • Nature’s Route Farm What Can Consumers Do?
    • Options:
    • Buy from Farmer – Directly
    • – Farmers’ Markets
    • – CSAs
    • Buy from Farm Stands (usually locally food)
    • Choose Carefully at the National Grocers
    • Buy Whole Foods – not processed food.
  • Nature’s Route Farm Conclusion
    • Food Sovereignty:
    • Community Food Security is about Controlling Our Food.
    • Without Canadian Agriculture we will be largely unable to control our food.
  • Questions?