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Halloween And Yu Lan Festival

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Presentation for Contemporary Europe and Asis, POLS 3620, HKBU …

Presentation for Contemporary Europe and Asis, POLS 3620, HKBU
Prepared by Angela Mak and Kenny Chan

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  • 1. Halloween and Yu Lan Festival “ 盂蘭節 “ (Nature and Commercialization) Chan Kin Lok, Kenny 07007213 Mak Ching Hang, Angela 07007132
  • 2.
    • celebrated on October 31
    • The name is derived from Old Irish and means roughly "summer's end“
    • Rooted in ancient pagan and Christian festivals that celebrated the inextricable link between seasonal and life cycles
    • .
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 3.
    • The Celts
    • celebrated their new year on 1 st November
    • 31/10  the end of summer and the harvest the beginning of the dark, cold winter
    • the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred
    • the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities
    • the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 4.
    • 17 th Century, replace the Celtic festival
    • of the dead with a related, but church-sanctioned holiday  All-hallows or All-hallowmas
    • the night before it, the night of Samhain, began to be called All-hallows Eve  Halloween
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 5.
    • Tradition: closed to deceased relatives and friends, left treats on doorsteps loved ones find their way back to the spirit world.
    • BUT Today's Halloween ghosts are often depicted as more fearsome, and our customs and superstitions are scarier.
    • Spread Globally
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 6.
    • Seventh Moon “Middle Origin Festival” 中元節
    • Bamboo poles some twenty feet high with colourful lanterns
    • Signpost for the spirit of the dead
    • --> Yu Lan Shing Wui (Yu Lan Wonderful Assembly) 盂蘭勝會
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 7.
    • Three Taoist “Origin Festival”
    • Middle Origin is connected with Earthly Official, is connected to dead
    • Seventh Moon: start of second half of the year  potentially dead
    • 14/7 one day advance of the Taoist Middle Origin Festival
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 8.
    • Yu lan = surface “Bowl of Orchids”, transliteration of Ullambana
    • Mahamaudgalyayana (usyally known in Chinese as Muk Lin, 目連 ) saving his death mother
    • Yu Lan = reflects the adoption and acceptance of Buddhism in China, and its adaption to native Chinese Taoist traditions
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 9.
    • making incense out of candy and selling it to kids for Halloween strawberry-flavored candles
    • cookies made to resemble paper offerings and hell banknotes
    Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  • 10. Candy sticks that could make grandma really upset
    • Candles and incense are the food of the “dead”
    • A taboo in Chinese society
    • Respect the Ghosts rather than make fun of them
    •  the candies are not very popular
  • 11. Halloween
    • an occasion for family gathering
    • forget the origin of Halloween
    • can still enjoy the festival
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 12.
    • Special items provided by the d epartment stores and supermarkets
    • Special dishes that available during October only
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 13. Halloween Bash
    • Teenagers love to join the Halloween event in the Ocean Park and Hong Kong Disneyland
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 14. Commercialization
    • Department stores and restaurants can earn an extra revenue
    • Halloween Bash is one of the most profitable event
    • Encourage spending
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 15. Yu-Lan Festival
    • Not much advertisements as Halloween
    • Do not have the atmosphere for partying
    • Providing offerings to the dead
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 16. Traditional offerings
    • rice, bean-sprouts, fruits , candles, incense and yuen-bao 元寶 (paper-made silver and gold)
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 17. Nowadays offerings
    • fancy and eye-catching paper-made offerings
    • Paper-made luxurious goods
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 18. Difference
    • Both festivals go through the process of commercialization
    • Special Halloween products are for the living
    • B eautiful and improved Yu-Lan paper-made offerings are for the “Hungry Ghosts”
    Mak Ching Hang Angela
  • 19. Reference
    • Brandes, Stanley. Skulls to the living, bread to the dead. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006.
    • Narváez, Peter, ed. Of corpse: death and humor in folklore and popular culture. Logan, Utah : Utah State University Press, 2003.
    • Rogers, Nicholas. Halloween: from pagan ritual to party night. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
    • The Royal Asiatic Society, Hong Kong Branch. In the heart of the metropolis: Yaumatei and its people . Hong Kong : Joint Publishing (H.K.) Co., 1999.
    • Mall 852: <http://www.mall852.com/main_en.asp> [07 November 2009].

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