Chapter 5 Expressing Past TimePresentation Transcript
Expressing Past Time Chapter 5
5-1 Using BE : Past Time
I was in class yesterday .
Alice was at the library yesterday .
My friends were at home yesterday .
I _______ in class today .
Alice _______ at the library today .
My friends _______ at home today .
PAST TIME PRESENT TIME
5-1 Using BE : Past Time
You were (more than one person)
You were ( one person)
SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE _______ SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE _______
5-2 Past of BE : Negative _____________ + Wasn’t _____________ + Weren’t
They were not at home last night.
They weren’t at home last night.
NEGATIVE _______ Was + not = _______ Were + not = _______
I was not in class yesterday.
I wasn’t in class yesterday
5-3 Past of BE : Question
Yes, I _______. (I was in class yesterday.)
No, I _______. (I wasn’t in class yesterday.)
Yes, he _______. (He was at home last night.)
No, he _______. (He wasn’t at home last night.)
Were you in class yesterday? (be) + (subject) Was Carlos at home last night? (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER + (LONG ANSWER) YES/NO QUESTIONS
5-3 Past of BE : Question In class. (I _______ in class yesterday.) At home. (She _______ at home last night.) Where were you yesterday? Where + (be) + (subject) Where was Jennifer last night? Where + (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER + (LONG ANSWER) INFORMATION QUESTIONS
5-4 THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE: USING - ED verb + _______ = the simple present tense I You She He + - ed It We They I walk to school everyday. I walked to school yesterday. Ann walks to school everyday. Ann walked to school yesterday. SIMPLE PRESENT: SIMPLE PAST: SIMPLE PRESENT: SIMPLE PAST:
5-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO Tom was here … … five minutes ago. … two hours ago. … three days ago. … a week ago. Sue was here… … last week … last spring. … last Month. … last Spring. Bob was here… … yesterday. … yesterday morning. … yesterday afternoon. … yesterday evening. AGO LAST YESTERDAY _______ is used with morning, afternoon, and evening . _______ is used with night , with long periods of time ( week, month, year ), with seasons ( spring, summer, etc .), and with days of the week. _______ means “in he past.” It follows specific lengths of time (e.g., two minutes + ago, five years + ago ).
5-6 PRONUNCIATION OF – ED : /t/, /d/, AND /ǝd/ Final –ed is pronounced /ǝd/ if a verb ends in the letters _____________. Need needed need /ǝd/ want wanted want /ǝd/ - d or - t Final –ed is pronounced /d/ if the simple form of the verb ends in a _______ sound. rub rubbed rub /d/ live lived liv /d/ Seem seemed seem /d/ VOICED Final –ed is pronounced /t/ if a verb ends in a _______ sound. Help helped help /t/ Laugh laughed laugh /t/ guess guessed guess /t/ VOICELESS Final –ed has three pronunciations: /t/, /d/, AND /ǝd/
5-7 SPELLING OF –ED VERBS TWO VOWELS + ONE CONSENANT ______________ R ain r ained N eed n eeded Rule 3 ONE VOWEL + ONE CONSONANT ________________ St op st opped R ub r ubbed Rule 2 END OF VERB: A CONSONANT + -e __________ Smi le smil ed Era se eras ed Rule 1
5-7 SPELLING OF –ED VERBS VOWEL + -y __________________________________ Pl ay pl ayed Enj oy enj oyed Rule 6 CONSONANT + -y _____________________________ Stu dy stu died Car ry car ried Rule 5 TWO CONSONANTS __________________________ Cou nt cou nted He lp he lped Rule 4
5-8 SPELLING OF –ED AND –ING : TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS
For two-syllable verbs that end in a vowel and a consonant:
The consonant is not doubled if the stress is on the _______ syllable.
The consonant is doubled if the stress is on the _______ syllable.
Visit VIS -it ______ ______ Open O -pen ______ ______ Admit Ad- MIT ______ ______ Occur Oc- CUR ______ ______