This category of lexis refers to words that are often defined by reference
to their similarities or differences with other words.
varieties of English
cognates and false friends
These are different words that are
the same or similiar in meaning.
Joyful, glad, happy
Antonyms are diffent words that
express opposite meanings.
Homonyms are words that have the same spelling and pronunciation,
but have different meanings.
Homophones are words that sound the same but differ in spelling and
Lexical sets are words
that are related to each
other or belong to the
VARIETIES OF ENGLISH
This refers to words that have the
same meaning or relate to one
another through the different
types of English spoken around
COGNATES AND FALSE FRIENDS
Cognates are words that have similiar
form and meaning in the L1 and L2.
A false friend are words which have the
same or similar form in the L1 and the
L2, but do not mean the same thing.
embarrassed vs. embarazada
A connotation is a social or emotional
association of a word. The connotation
of words is positive, neutral and
For example, a person could be
described as slender, thin or skinny
depending on the speaker’s association
of that particular person.
slender (positive association)
thin (neutral association)
skinny (negative association)
Slender, thin or skinny?
Semantic Meaning2.4 KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS2.D
The key terms and concepts you should know for this lesson
Lexical sets (6)
Semantic meaning (1)
Varieties of English (7)
Refer to the slide (in parenthesis) indicated after
each term to review its meaning.
BEFORE YOU CONTINUE TO THE NEXT LESSON:
• Review the terms and concepts as needed
• Complete the quiz and check your answers.