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M1 2.D-4

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  • 1. This category of lexis refers to words that are often defined by reference to their similarities or differences with other words. synonyms antonyms homonyms homophones lexical sets Semantic Meaning2.D varieties of English cognates and false friends connotation
  • 2. SYNONYMS These are different words that are the same or similiar in meaning. Semantic Meaning2.D Joyful, glad, happy
  • 3. ANTONYMS Antonyms are diffent words that express opposite meanings. short, tall Semantic Meaning2.D
  • 4. HOMONYMS Homonyms are words that have the same spelling and pronunciation, but have different meanings. watch (n) watch (v) Semantic Meaning2.D
  • 5. HOMOPHONES Homophones are words that sound the same but differ in spelling and meaning. knight night Semantic Meaning2.D
  • 6. LEXICAL SETS Lexical sets are words that are related to each other or belong to the same category. baseball glove player bat Semantic Meaning2.D
  • 7. VARIETIES OF ENGLISH This refers to words that have the same meaning or relate to one another through the different types of English spoken around the world. Semantic Meaning2.D
  • 8. COGNATES AND FALSE FRIENDS Cognates are words that have similiar form and meaning in the L1 and L2. A false friend are words which have the same or similar form in the L1 and the L2, but do not mean the same thing. Semantic Meaning2.D embarrassed vs. embarazada
  • 9. CONNOTATION A connotation is a social or emotional association of a word. The connotation of words is positive, neutral and negative. For example, a person could be described as slender, thin or skinny depending on the speaker’s association of that particular person. slender (positive association) thin (neutral association) skinny (negative association) Semantic Meaning2.D Slender, thin or skinny?
  • 10. Semantic Meaning2.4 KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS2.D The key terms and concepts you should know for this lesson are: Antonyms (3) Cognates (8) Connotation (9) Homonyms (4) Homophones (5) Lexical sets (6) Semantic meaning (1) Synonyms (2) Varieties of English (7) Refer to the slide (in parenthesis) indicated after each term to review its meaning.
  • 11. BEFORE YOU CONTINUE TO THE NEXT LESSON: • Review the terms and concepts as needed • Complete the quiz and check your answers.

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