M1 1.D


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M1 1.D

  1. 1. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D There are nine parts of speech. These parts of speech consist in subcategories to which words belong according to their syntactic functions. Each part of speech explains how a word is used. A word can occupy more than one part of speech depending on the how it is used in a sentence.
  2. 2. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D The 9 parts of speech are:  adjectives  adverbs  conjunctions  determiners  exclamations  nouns  prepositions  pronouns  verbs They are major word class categories.
  3. 3. Subcategories Each part of speech has subcategories or minor word categories that specify the type of function of each word in a specific structure. The following sentence identifies the part of speech and subcategory of the word “a”: Let’s see a movie tonight. Part of speech: determiner a word placed before a noun to make specific reference Class: indefinite article indicates that the identity of the singular noun is not known The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  4. 4. Words can occupy various parts of speech as they take on different functions or are combined with other words. Take a look at the different functions of the words in bold: “Waits” as a verb: Jennifer waits for the bus on Sundays. “Wait” as a noun: Jennifer's wait for the bus on Sunday was half an hour! The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  5. 5. In the following section, each of the 9 parts of speech will be broken down into some minor word categories. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  6. 6. Adjectives are words used to modify a noun or pronoun. They describe, identify, and quantify nouns by answering which one, what kind, and how many? The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  7. 7. Determiners are also words used to modify a noun in the form of a present participle. They occur before nouns and specify or limit it in some way. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  8. 8. Nouns are words that are generally thought of as referring to people, animals, places, ideas, or things. A noun provides lexical or semantic meaning. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  9. 9. Pronouns are structure words that function to substitute for a noun or noun phrase. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  10. 10. Adverbs are words that describes or modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a sentence. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  11. 11. Conjunctions are words that connect clauses. There are two types of conjunctions: coordinators and subordinators. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  12. 12. Prepositions are words that, like conjunctions, connect a noun or pronoun to another word in a sentence. They show a relationship between the noun or pronoun and some other idea in the sentence. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  13. 13. Verbs are words that refer to actions, situations, states, attitudes, and mental conditions. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  14. 14. Exclamations are words that show strong feeling in informal English. The 9 Parts of Speech1.D
  15. 15. KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS1.D The key terms and concepts you should know for this lesson are: adjectives (6) adverbs (10) conjunctions (11) determiners (7) exclamations (14) functions (4) Refer to the slide (in parenthesis) indicated after each term to review its meaning. nouns (8) prepositions (12) pronouns (9) subcategories (3) verbs (13) 9 parts of speech (5)
  16. 16. BEFORE YOU CONTINUE TO THE NEXT LESSON: • Download the Lesson Summary. Please review the terms and concepts for this lesson before completing part 1.5. Once you feel you are ready to continue, complete the tasks in part 1.5.