Choosing a startup's revenue model

7,897 views
7,554 views

Published on

Lays out what a revenue model is and the various online revenue models that exist (with examples). Discusses how to go about choosing your startup's revenue streams and then the process of experimenting and measuring till you get one working.

Was used as part of EastLabs' 2014 Incubation program in Kiev, Ukraine.

Published in: Business, Sports
1 Comment
17 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
7,897
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
52
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
264
Comments
1
Likes
17
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Choosing a startup's revenue model

  1. 1. Choose Your Startup’s Revenue Model By Ken Leaver February 2014 @Kenontek www.kenontek.com
  2. 2. Chapter 1: What is a Revenue Model Chapter 2: Overview of revenue models Chapter 3: How to choose the right one (to start with)? Chapter 4: Experiment & Iterate Chapter 5: Defending your revenue model
  3. 3. Revenue streams connect to your value proposition & customer segments • You should match your revenue streams to the specific value you add to each customer segment you’re targeting
  4. 4. Chapter 1: What is a Revenue Model Chapter 2: Overview of revenue models Chapter 3: How to choose the right one (to start with)? Chapter 4: Experiment & Iterate Chapter 5: Defending your revenue model
  5. 5. Selling goods Selling physical goods • • Do you have access to unique products? Better price than others? Selling digital goods • • Do you have unique content people are willing to pay for? Mobile apps typically sell virtual goods that help speed the game up or make it more fun
  6. 6. Media / Community Access • • Build a community and then charge for access Often need to create or attract quality content
  7. 7. Subscription Plain subscription Subscription based on Usage Colibri.io • • • • Most SAAS companies use this How determine price? Competition pricing? Free trial? MixPanel.com • • Will usage naturally go up with time? Value goes up with increased data?
  8. 8. Advertising • • Need high traffic • If B2C then don’t bother if you don’t have 50k+ visits/day Higher purchase intent = higher price of ads
  9. 9. Commission for service xxx • • Enabling transactions for other merchants Typically need to sign up lots of partners/merchants (eg. Square, AirBnB, Booking.com, etc.)
  10. 10. Marketplace Kabanchik.com.ua • • • • Chicken & Egg Problem: need buyers and sellers Ratings often very important Lots of user generated content One player typically wins
  11. 11. Affiliates • • • • Do you have a lot of traffic? What products is your content related to? You choose the ads that will work best for your audience If CPA, you need to advertise products/sites with good conversion
  12. 12. Freemium • • Similar to usage-based but with a large amount of free usage User gets to feel the value before paying
  13. 13. Chapter 1: What is a Revenue Model Chapter 2: Overview of revenue models Chapter 3: How to choose the right one (to start with)? Chapter 4: Experiment & Iterate Chapter 5: Defending your revenue model
  14. 14. Advice 1: Focus first on solving a pain point Retention is the best indication of this. Don’t worry about making money until you have users staying.
  15. 15. Advice 2: Make sure your pain point is something people will pay for Are you a vitamin or a pain killer? Vitamins require very high traffic Not sure you’re a pain killer? The best way to test is to get someone to pay. Do this test as early as possible
  16. 16. Advice 3: Make sure what they are willing to pay can one day be less than your customer acquisition cost
  17. 17. Chapter 1: What is a Revenue Model Chapter 2: Overview of revenue models Chapter 3: How to choose the right one (to start with)? Chapter 4: Experiment & Iterate Chapter 5: Defending your revenue model
  18. 18. No matter which model you start with remember that is just a…. You may and likely will change your business model. Probably several times. And you will optimize it many more times.
  19. 19. How do you test? 1. Make a hypothesis: “I think customers will be willing to pay a service charge” 2. Test it by building this into the product and throwing 1000 visitors at it (eg. at $0.10/visitor). 3. Look at the conversion (eg. 1%) and revenue per customer (eg. $5). 4. Compare cost of acquisition ($100) vs. Revenue earned ($50) 5. Optimize or try a different model. Or do both. 6. Repeat until the equation is positive.
  20. 20. You don’t have to lock yourself into one model Manufacturer revenue from sales of phone 30% margin on all app sales and in-app purchases % commission on contracts from telecom providers Retailer margin from sales in Apple Stores Selling ads through iAds But…. Try to get one model working well first before having multiple ones.
  21. 21. Measure and track each experiment
  22. 22. Chapter 1: What is a Revenue Model Chapter 2: Overview of revenue models Chapter 3: How to choose the right one (to start with)? Chapter 4: Experiment & Iterate Chapter 5: Defending your revenue model
  23. 23. Now its time for you to defend your business model 1. We will split into 2 groups (1 mentor each / 3 teams per group) 2. Team presents: • Idea & Pain Point (1min) • Business model & why you chose that one (2min) • Your estimate of Cost of User Acquisition & Revenue from Customer (2min) – Be sure to explain your assumptions and give numbers!!! • eg. cost of visitor = $0.10 x 1% (conversion) = $10. Revenue/user = $15/subscription. I think people would be willing to pay $15 because XXX… 3. Mentor & other teams challenge the business model with questions (5 min) 4. Next team is up 5. After all 3 teams presented we will switch the mentors in the groups and repeat.

×