Hydrofracking

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Hydrofracking

  1. 1. HYDROFRACKINGKEN LAI
  2. 2. HYDRO FRACKING1. Fracking Fluid is pumped into the ground2. Gas is retrieved3. Flowback is collected and disposed
  3. 3. FRACKING HISTORY• Stanolind Oil 1949 Limitation• Napam • 800m Depth thickened gasoline • Vertical Drilling• Limestone formation
  4. 4. MODERN DAYFRACKIN• 90° bend in drill• 10,000m vertical height• Fracking Fluid
  5. 5. NATURAL GAS IN THEUNITED STATES
  6. 6. MOTIVATION FORFRACKING• Reduce Carbon Emissions• Reduce dependence on foreign energy• Increase Economic stability• Increase demand for energy
  7. 7. NATURAL GASCONSUMPTION
  8. 8. ECONOMY VS.ENVIRONMENT
  9. 9. ECONOMIC BENEFITSLocal National• Infrastructure • Lower energy cost• Small business • Increase jobs• Residence incentives • Increase tax collection • Exporter of natural gas
  10. 10. LOCAL ECONOMY• Increase visitors• Spending increase• Fracking incentives
  11. 11. NATIONAL ECONOMY• $238b economic activity• 1.7m jobs• $62b tax• Attracts manufacturing jobs
  12. 12. ENVIRONMENTAL• Increased greenhouse gas emission Hydro Fracking• Water Contamination• Earthquake
  13. 13. GREENHOUSE GASEMISSION
  14. 14. GREENHOUSE GASEMISSION• Air pollution caused by fracking process• Trucks transporting water• Methane
  15. 15. WATERCONTAMINATION• Methane• Radioactive Waste• Salt• Fracking Fluid Chemical
  16. 16. WASTE WATERDISPOSAL1) Disposal Well2) Evaporating pits3) Drinking water treatment facilities
  17. 17. EARTHQUAKE• Disposal well• Increase seismic activity in central U.S.

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