Republic of the PhilippinesDepartment of EducationDepEd Complex, Meralco AvenuePasig CityK to 12 Curriculum GuideMOTHER TONGUE(COMPETENCIES)(Grades 1 to 3)
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 2CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Oral Language 1.Listen and respond to others2.Listen attentively to stories beingread.3..Participate actively during storyreading by making comments andasking questions.4..Participate in the reading of poetryby clapping, chanting or choralreading.5. Listen and respond to texts byrecalling the important details in thestory such as thea. charactersb. settingc. main events6.Sequence 3 events in the story bytelling which happened first, second,or last.7. Listen and relate events in thestory heard to personal experiences.8. Listen and ask questions aboutstories heard.9. Listen and predict possibleoutcomes based on what the1.Listen to and interact with others in agroup or class discussion.2. Respond to texts by recalling theimportant details in the story such as thea. charactersb. settingc. main events3.Sequence 3 to 5 events in the story4. Relate events in the story heard topersonal experiences.5. Discuss and ask questions aboutstories heard, interpret and presentinformation6. Predict possible outcomes based onwhat the characters say or do or whatothers say about them.7.Infer the characters’ feelings and traitsbased on their actions or what they say.8.Respond to the story throughdiscussion, illustration, music, art, dramaand various writing activities9. Relate text to and talk about personalexperiences10.Tell/retell stories to a small group or1. Listen to and interact with others toclarify understanding of a text in a smallgroup or class discussion.2. Recall texts read and respond to themain ideas in an organized way,3.Sequence 5 to 7 events in the story4.Relate text to personal and widerexperiences.5.Discuss and interpret spoken text,considering personal experiences andothers’ point of view.6,.Predict possible outcomes based ona. the key words in the textb. what the characters say and do andwhat others say about themc. the events in the story.7. Infer the characters’ feelings, traits andmotives based on their actions or whatthey say.8.Respond to the story throughdiscussion, illustration, music, art, dramaand various writing activities9. Discuss and interpret spoken text,considering personal experiences and
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 3CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Oral Languagecharacters say or do.10.Listen and infer the characters’feelings based on their actions orwhat they say.11..Listen and infer the characters’traits based on their actions or whatthey say.12.Listen and respond to the storythrough discussion, illustration, song,dramatization and art.13.Talk about personal experiences.14.. Listen and retell a story heard intheir own words, citing the charactersand important events.the whole class with proper expression.11.Give the cause or the effect of theevents12.Tell whether a story is realistic orfantasy13.Tell what the problem is or how theproblem could be solved.14.Compare and tell the similarities andthe differences of characters/events15.Group informationunder stated categories16.Tell what the story is about17.Give one’s opinion on the events inthe story.others’ point of view.10. Talk clearly and accurately in smallgroups or whole class, aboutexperiences, events and ideas.11.Identify the character’s problem andhow this could be solved.12.Compare and tell the similarities andthe differences of characters/events13..Group informationunder stated categories14.. Discuss the main idea of the text15. Discuss/express one’s opinion on thetext readPhonological Skills 1. Identify rhyming words in nurseryrhymes and simple poems.2. Give pairs of rhyming words.3. Count the number of syllables in agiven word.4. Orally segment a two to three-syllable word into its syllabic parts.1. Identify rhyming words in poemsconsisting of two to three stanzas.2. Supply rhyming words to two tothree- stanza poems.3. Orally segment a multi-syllable wordinto its syllabic parts.(Children at the end of Grade 2 who donot demonstrate phonological awarenessat the levels of the syllable and phonemeshould be given special instruction toprevent failure in reading).
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 4CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Phonological Skills 5. Give the beginning consonantsounds of given words.6. Give the new spoken word whena specified phoneme is added,changed or removed.7. Blend spoken simple beginningsounds (onsets to form new words.Book and PrintKnowledge1. Use correctly the terms referringto conventions of print: (book, frontand back cover, beginning, ending,title, page, author, and illustrator).2. Track the text in the correct order:page by page, left to right, top tobottom.3. Differentiate letters from words.4. Make one-to-one correspondencebetween written and spoken words.5. Point out that spoken words arerepresented in written language byspecific sequence of letters.6. Recognize correct spelling ofwords.7. Observe some mechanics whencopying/writing sentences:capitalization, white space between1. Tell the different parts of a book.2. Tell the distinguishing features of astory.3.Observe some mechanics whencopying/writing sentences: capitalization,punctuation marks and spelling3. Tell the distinguishing features of aparagraph.4. Tell the distinguishing features of astanza.1. Tell the different features of a pagelayout in non-fiction text: title, labels,diagrams and charts.2. Tell the different distinguishingfeatures of a story, a paragraph and astanza.
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 5CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3words and correct punctuationmarks.Alphabet Knowledge 1. Identify all the letters of thealphabet, both upper and lower case.2. Write all the letters of thealphabet, upper and lower case.3. Give the letter that begins thename of a given object/picture.4. Identify the letters in given words.Word Recognition 1. Give the sounds of all lettersin the alphabet.1. Show how spoken words arerepresented by written letters that arearranged in a specific order2. Blend specific letters to formwords3. Match words with pictures orobjects.4. Read words using phonicsknowledge.5. Sound out unfamiliar wordsby using phonics knowledge6. Read by sight words listed inAppendix __1. Read a large number of regularlyspelled one- to-three syllable words.2. Sound out unfamiliar words usingphonics knowledge.3. Read by sight words listed inAppendix ___4. Blend phonemes to read wordscontaining consonant blends,clusters.5. Identify syllables in order to readmulti-syllable words.6. Give the meaning of words in contextusing knowledge of affixes (SeeAppendix ___)1. Read words that contain diphthongs.2. Read unfamiliar words usingknowledge of phonics and word parts(prefixes, roots, suffixes)3. Give the meanings of words in contextusing knowledge of prefixes andsuffixes.4. Read contracted forms correctlythrough the use of the apostrophe foromission
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 6CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 37. Read phrases, sentences andshort stories containing highfrequency words and words studiedFluency 1.Read aloud grade one level text ata rate of approximately 60 wordsper minute.2.Read grade one level text with anaccuracy rate of 95-100%3.Read with automaticity 100 firstgrade high-frequency/ sight words(Appendix ___)4. Read grade one level text in three-to-four word phrases with appropriateintonation, expression andpunctuation cues1.Read grade two level text at a rate ofapproximately 80 words per minute2.Read grade two level text with anaccuracy rate of 95-100%3.Read grade two level text in three-to-four word phrases using appropriateintonation, expression and punctuationcues4. Read with automaticity 200 secondgrade high-frequency/ sight words(Appendix ___)1.Read grade three level text at a rate ofapproximately 100 words per minute2.Read aloud grade three level text withan accuracy rate of 95-100%3.Read grade three level text inmeaningful phrases using appropriateintonation, expression and punctuationcues4..Read with automaticity 300 third gradehigh-frequency/ sight words (Appendix___)Spelling1.Understand that there is a correctway to spell words2.Spell and write words usingphonemic awareness and letterknowledge .3.Correctly spell previously studiedwords1.Analyze how words are spelled2.Correctly spell previously studiedwords3.Spell unfamiliar words using phonicsand word knowledge (See Appendix __)1.Correctly spell previously studiedwords.2.Correctly spell words with irregular lettercombinations and with affixes3.Spell words using phonics, word andsemantic knowledge (See AppendixHandwriting 1.Write using a comfortable andefficient pencil grip1.Write legibly in cursive handwriting2.Write words, phrases and sentences1.Write words, phrases and sentenceswhile integrating spelling and wordknowledge
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 7CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Handwriting2.Write upper case and lower caseletters in print using properproportion.3.Write simple phrases observingproper spacing between words4.Write simple sentences observingcorrect punctuation marks andcapitalization.while integrating spelling and wordknowledge3.Write simple sentences observingwriting mechanics such as capitalization,punctuation marks and spelling.2.Write simple sentences observingwriting mechanics such as capitalization,punctuation marks and spelling.3.Write short paragraphs, letters andshort stories observing proper mechanicssuch as margin and indention.Composing 1.Write using letter forms/inventedspelling to represent thoughts andideas2.Write, using phonics knowledge,words, phrases and short sentencesto represent ideas.3.Write using phonic knowledge fordifferent purposes – sentences, shortstories, lists, etc.)1.Write using phonic knowledge fordifferent purposes – stories,explanations, letters, diaries, etc.)2.Write sentences and short paragraphsfor others to read (by thinking of ideas,writing draft copies3.Write different types of composition(e.g. stories, reports, and letters)4.Make good judgments about what toinclude in writing5.Apply the correct mechanics of writing(for example, spelling, capitalization, andpunctuation) in the final versions ofcomposition.1.Independently review own writtenwork/work of others for errors in spelling,capitalization, and punctuation2.Begin to write using literary words andsentences (such as figurative language)3.Combine information in compositionsfrom a variety of sources, includingbooks, articles, and computer information4.Share written output and then reviseand edit this with assistance.5.Discuss own writing with other childrenand respond helpfully to the writing ofother childrenGrammar Awareness 1.Identify names of persons, placesand things2. Use the correct noun markers(ang, ang mga) in identifying1.Identify names of persons, places andthings2.Use the correct noun markers (ang,ang mga, si, sina, . . .) in identifying1..Identify nouns2.Write the correct proper names ofcommon names
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 8CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Grammar Awareness common and proper names3. Give the proper names of persons,places and things.4.Write correctly the proper names5.Identify the directional prepositionsin sentences.6. Use the prepositions correctly inconstructing own sentences7.Identify the pronouns used insentences.8.Use pronouns correctly in talkingand in writing.9.Identify action words in sentences10.Use the correct action words innarrating one’s experiences11. Identify describing words insentences12.Use appropriate describing wordsin talking about persons, places andthings13.Give the synonyms and antonymsof simple describing wordscommon and proper names3.Give the correct proper names ofcommon names4.Use prepositions correctly inconstructing and writing sentences5.Identify personal, possessive andobject pronouns.6.Use correct pronouns in talking and inwriting.7.Identify action words in sentences andstories.8.Use correct action words in narratingand writing about one’s experiences.9.Identify describing words in sentences10.Use appropriate describing words intalking and writing about persons, placesand things11. Identify adverbs of manner, placeand time.12.Use appropriate adverbs in talkingand in writing.3.Identify personal, possessive and objectpronouns.4.Use correct pronouns in talking and inwriting.5.Identify verbs in sentences and stories.6.Use correct action words in narratingand writing about one’s experiences.7.Identify describing words in sentences8.Use appropriate describing words intalking and writing about persons, placesand things9. Identify adverbs of manner, place andtime.10.Use appropriate adverbs in talking andin writing.
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 9CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Vocabulary 1.Develop and use vocabulary bylistening to and discussing selectionsread aloud.2.Get the meanings of wordspresented through illustrations,demonstration, use of synonyms andantonyms.3.Identify words that name person,places or things, and actions4.Classify common words intoconceptual characteristics (e.g.animals, food, toys)5.Draw on experiences to bringmeanings to words in context6.Discuss meanings and developvocabulary through meaningful andconcrete experiences.7.Begin to identify and usesynonyms, antonyms, homonymsand multiple-meaning words correctly8. Use clues from context to figureout what the words mean9.Identify some words that comprisecontractions (e.g. can’t-can not, isn’t-is not)1.Develop and use vocabulary bylistening to and discussing selectionsread aloud2.Give the meanings of words presentedthrough illustrations, demonstration,synonyms and antonyms.3.Use words to describe persons,places, processes and events in spokenand written composition4.Supply words that fall into conceptualcategories5.Draw on experiences to bringmeanings to words in context6.Discuss meanings and developvocabulary through meaningful andconcrete experiences.7.Use synonyms, antonyms, homonymsand multiple-meaning words8.Use clues from context to figure outwhat words mean9.Use knowledge of prefixes and suffixesto determine meaning of words (SeeAppendix ___)10.Identify the two words in contractions.1Discuss meanings and developvoabulary through meaningful andconcrete experiences.2.Develop and use vocabulary bylistening and discussing selections readaloud3.Get the meaning of words throughcontext.4.Use contractions5.Use many compound words6.Use common abbreviations to representmany words7.Use different parts of speech correctlyincluding nouns, pronouns, verbs,adjectives, and adverbs8.Develop vocabulary and knowledgethrough independent reading9.Use dictionaries, glossaries and contextto build/clarify word meanings andconfirm punctuation10. .Get the meaning of new .wordsthrough independent reading11.Use curricular content areas andcurrent events to study words
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 10CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 310.Recognize that two words canmake a compound word2.11.Understand that the languageused in school is more formal thanthe language used at home and withfriends11.Determine the meaning of compoundwords , using knowledge of individualwords12.Use abbreviations to represent somecommon words13.Use different parts of speech correctlyincluding nouns, pronouns, verbs,adjectives, and adverbs14.Get the meaning of new wordsthrough independent reading15.Use curricular content areas andcurrent events to study wordsReading ComprehensionA. Activating Schema andPrior Knowledge1. Predict what the story is aboutbased on personal experiences.2. Predict what the story is aboutbased on what one knows aboutcharacters, setting and incidents.3. Relate events in the story topersonal experiences.4. Confirm predictions after listeningto a story.5,Modify prior knowledge based onnew knowledge from the story.1. Predict the events in the story basedon texts previously read or heard.2. Ask questions that can be answeredafter reading the text.3. Relate events in the story to personalexperiences.4. Tell if the predictions made are rightbased on the text heard.5. Modify prior knowledge based on thenew information learned from the text.1.Predict events and actions, based onprior knowledge and text features.2.Interpret information from graphicorganizers like webs, Venn diagram andflow charts to comprehend text.3.Modify prior knowledge based on thenew information learned from the text.
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 11CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3B. Comprehension ofLiterary texts1.Recall important details in storiesread2.Give the correct sequence of threeevents3.Make inferences on the character’sfeelings and traits.4.Respond to the story throughillustrations dramatization, andwriting activities.5.Make inferences on what is likely tohappen next based on the events inthe story6.Give the cause or the effect ofcertain events in the story.7.Cite the problem and/the mostlikely solution.8.Tell what the story is all aboutbased on the illustration, title orimportant events in the story.9.Tell if the story is real or fantasy.10.Give another possible ending ofthe story.11.Give one’s opinion, based onpersonal experiences.1..Recall important information in storiesand poems read2.Sequence a series of 3 to 5 events inthe stories read3. .Make inferences on the character’sfeelings and traits4.Respond to the story/poem throughdiscussion, drawing, music, art, drama orwriting activities5.Identify the most possible effects of acertain event.6. Give the most likely solution to aproblem in the story.7.Identify the main idea of a selectionread.8.Interpret information from illustrations,diagrams, charts and graphs.9.Identify parts of the story to prove thatit is realistic or fantasy10.Write another possible ending of thestory.11.Give one’s opinion on some events inthe story based on personalexperiences.1.Participate actively during the reading oftext by making comments, askingquestions, and clarifying information.2.Recall important information in the storyread3.Respond to the story or poem throughdiscussions, music, art, drama andvarious writing activities.4.Interpret stories/poems throughdramatizations, illustration and writingactivities.5.Support responses to story/poem byquoting relevant aspects of the text andown interpretations.6.Offer observation, make connections,react, speculate, interpret and raisequestions in response to the text.7.Give one’s opinion, based on personalexperiences.8.Write another ending of a story read.9. Write a short summary of a story.10.Identify the number of stanzas, linesand rhyming words in poems read.
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 12CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 312.Identify the pair of rhyming wordsin short poems.12. Identify the pairs of rhyming words inpoems read.11. Give the rhyme scheme of poemsread.C. Comprehension ofInformational Text1.Give the topic of expository textread.2.Answer literal level questions aboutexpository text read.3.Locate specific information in thetext to find answers to simplequestions.4.Follow a set of written or verbalthree-step directions with picturecues.5.State the meaning of someenvironmental signs (e. g, trafficsafety, warning signs).1..Identify organizational features (e.g.title, table of contents, heading, boldprint) of expository text.2.Locate specific information by usingorganizational features in expository text.3.Identify the main idea in expositorytext.4.Locate facts in response to questionsabout expository text.5.Locate specific information fromgraphic organizers.6.Follow a set of written three-stepdirections.6.State the meaning of specific signs andsymbols (e. g. computer icons, mapfeatures, simple charts and graphs).1.Identify the main idea and supportingdetails in expository text.2.Locate facts in response to questionsabout expository text.3.Use organizational features (e. g. title,table of contents) in expository text.4.Identify and use a variety of sources (e.g. trade books, reference books) that maybe used to answer specific questions.5.Identify the main points and summarizeorally the content of a passage of text.6.Use notes to summarize the mainpoints from a passage or text.7.Interpret information from graphicfeatures(e.g. charts, maps,diagrams, illustrations, tables, simpletimelines) of expository text.8.Follow a set of written multi-stepdirections.9.Generate questions before reading anduse information location skills to help findspecific information.
K TO 12 COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUE* Dr. Dina Ocampo, LAT Convenor - version as of January 31, 2012 Page 13CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Attitude towardLanguage, Literacy andLiterature1.Manifest enjoyment of rhymes andshort poems by clapping, repeatingsome lines and reciting them.2.Show love for reading by listeningattentively during story reading, andmaking comments.3.Express love for stories bybrowsing the storybooks read tothem and asking to be read morestories.1.Manifest enjoyment of reading bybrowsing storybooks.2.Show love for reading by listeningattentively during story reading, makingcomments and asking questions.3.Memorize and recite poems read inclass.1.Show enjoyment of reading byrereading favorite stories.2. Sustain silent reading for variouspurposes such as reading for pleasureand reading for information.3.Memorize and recite poems with properexpression