Geography Of Mesopotamia
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Geography Of Mesopotamia






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Geography Of Mesopotamia Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Geography of Mesopotamia What are the necessary geographic characteristics to sustain life? Why did civilization originate in Mesopotamia? How did Mesopotamia’s unique geography shape its culture?
  • 2. 3 things all early peoples need to survive
            • Warm Climate
    • Source of water
    • Fertile Soil
  • 3. Case Study: Geography of Sumer
    • Warm year round
    • Between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (ample water)‏
    • Fertile soil thanks to silt from the rivers
  • 4. What’s so special about rivers?
    • Melting snow and mountain rain swelled rivers, carrying soil to plains
      • Overflow into floodplain – flat land bordering banks
      • Deposited fine soil, or silt , making land fertile and good for crops
      • In a semiarid climate (with less than 10 inches of annual rainfall) rivers were essential for crops and drinking water
  • 5. Natural Resources in Mesopotamia
  • 6. What other resources did Mesopotamians have?
    • Not many...
      • Few trees for wood
      • Little rainfall
    • But you don't need many resources if you have the 3 basic needs
      • Warm Climate
      • Fertile Soil
      • Source of water
  • 7. How did Mesopotamians cope with lack of resources?
    • Mesopotamians traded their surplus grain for stone, wood, and metal
      • Surplus means more than they need for themselves
  • 8. How did Mesopotamians cope with lack of resources?
    • Mud houses
      • Lacked building materials- used mud bricks
      • The building below is a ziggurat- a religious temple that served as the center for Mesopotamian culture
  • 9. How did Mesopotamians cope with lack of resources?
    • Lacked natural barriers
      • Built walls around city-states for protection
      • Ensured they had smaller settlements called city-states
  • 10. Advancements from Lack
    • Irrigation systems were developed to deal with little rainfall in the area
      • Irrigation systems are systems of canals which bring water from rivers to crops
  • 11. Advancements from Lack
    • Resources were scarce so central organization was needed to ensure people worked together
      • Mesopotamia laid the groundwork for governments
      • Hammurabi's Code was the first code of law
  • 12. Presentation Summary
    • The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers made the soil of Mesopotamia good for growing crops.
    • Mesopotamia had few resources. They used what they had available to them and traded surplus crops to get other things they needed.
    • From their lack of resources came advancements, like irrigation and government.
  • 13. Why it Matters Now
    • Mesopotamians had to overcome a lack of resources and adapt to their physical environment.
    • Today people still work to overcome shortages of food, water and resources.
      • Example: Jordan River
  • 14. Link to Modern Geography