Chapter 2 Notes - Student Handout

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This is the student handout that goes along with the Chapter 2 presentation on Matter and Change.

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Chapter 2 Notes - Student Handout

  1. 1. Name: __________________________________________________________ Date: ____________ Hour: _____ Chapter 2 Notes – Matter and ChangeI. Properties of Matter 1. Matter is defined as anything that has _______ and __________. a. Mass: the amount of _______________________________________. b. Volume: the amount of ___________________________________________. 2. Describing Matter a. Extensive Property: property that depends on the ___________ of matter in a sample b. Intensive Property: property that depends on the ____________ of matter in a sample Examples: Identify the following properties of a sample as extensive or intensive. Mass: __________ Color: ____________ Flammability: ____________ Volume: _________ Density: ___________ Melting Point: ___________ 3. Identifying Substances a. Substance: matter that has _______________ and ______________ composition. - Uniform means it is the ___________________________________ the sample. - Definite composition means _____________________________ all over the planet! b. Physical Property – a quality or condition of a substance that can be ______________ or ______________ without changing a substance’s ______________ Examples: ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 4. States of Matter A. Solids – form of matter with ______________ shape and ______________ volume - Particles are ________________________________________ together B. Liquids – form of matter with ______________ shape and ______________ volume - Liquids take the _____________ of their container - Particles in liquids are almost ____________________________ - Particles in liquids usually _____________ slightly when heated. - Particles in a liquid are ____________________, but can ________ past each other C. Gases – form of matter with ______________ shape and ______________ volume - Particles in gases very ___________________ compared to liquids and solids. - Particles in gases are easily ______________, pushing ______________ together. * Vapors – Gaseous substances that are __________ or _______ at room temperature.
  2. 2. Name: __________________________________________________________ Date: ____________ Hour: _____ 5. Physical changes – alter a material without changing its ___________________________ - Physical changes can be classified as ________________ or ___________________ a. Reversible changes: __________________________________________________ b. Irreversible changes: _________________________________________________II. Mixtures 1. Mixture – a ___________________________ of two or more substances. a. Homogeneous mixture – completely ________________ composition, – parts are _______________________ distinguished Examples – ___________________________________________________________ b. Heterogeneous mixture – ________________________ composition – parts are usually _______________ distinguished Examples – ___________________________________________________________ 2. Solution – a ___________________ mixture - may be ________, __________, or ______ Examples – ___________________________________________________________ 3. Phase – any part of a sample that with __________________________ and ____________ How many phases? Brine = ___ Oil/Vinegar = ___ Air = ___ Sand/Water = ___ 4. Separating Mixtures: Mixtures can be separated using ________________ means. a. Decant, or ________________, a liquid layer. Ex. ____________________ b. Filtration: Separates ___________ from ____________ with their dissolved particles. c. Distillation – ________ a liquid to become a vapor and _________________ it back. d. Magnet – Pull out _________________ particles from a mixture. e. Sorting - Physically separating by _________________ Ex. ____________________

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