IR + A Expressing plans (what you or someone else is going to do)
Expressing what you are going to do Voy a cocinar comida buena. (I am going to cook good food.) Voy a hablar con mis amigos. Voy a lavar la ropa. Voy a visitar a misabuelos. Voy a ________________________. These sentences indicate what the speaker is going to do. Fill in the last one with what you are going to do this week, and say the sentence out loud.
Asking someone else what they are going to do Yes/no questions: ¿Vasa mirar la tele? (Are you going to watch TV?) ¿Vasa comprar comida? ¿Vasa escucharmúsica? ¿Vasa _________________ ? Open-ended question: ¿Quévasahacer? These sentences are used to ask someone else what they are going to do. Notice the “s” at the end of the word, as common in all “tú” conjugations. Fill in the last line with an activity that someone else might do. Then say the sentence out loud.
Talking about what someone else will do One person Adriana vaallegartarde a casa. Sofíavaa tomar café. Several people Ramón y Ana Mari vana descansar. How are the verbs different in each sentence?
Talking about what you will do with someone else Mishermanos y yovamos a tocar la guitarra. Mi mejor amigo y yovamos a comprarcosas. Los estudiantes y yovamos a estudiar mucho.
Resumen/Summary All the conjugations for “IR” are summarized on page 149. Take a look, and read the sample sentences out loud. (yo) voy a “I’m gonna…” (tú) vas a “you’re gonna…” (él) va a “he’sgonna…” (ella) va a “she’sgonna…” (nosotros) vamosa “we’regonna…” (ellos/ellas van a “they’re gonna”
Asking questions Use the same forms to ask your questions: ¿voy a? “¿am I gonna…?” ¿vas a? “¿are you gonna…” ¿va a? “¿is hegonna…” ¿va a? “¿is she gonna…” ¿vamos a? “¿are wegonna…” ¿van a? “¿are they gonna” What are some questions you could ask using these?
When talking about the near future, you will frequently run into the words below. Look over how they function in complete sentences on page 149, and practice saying them using the supersite. estanoche hoy mañana estejueves el próximosábado la próximasemana el añoqueviene el lunes Do not feel limited by these expressions. By combining words on this list, you can produce new combinations to meet your needs.
Práctica Practice with Exercises A and B on page 150 166-167 Sample answers (they can vary) for page 150 are on the next slide. Say what each person is going to do next week (you can omit the “why” initially).
Actividad B (ONLY SAMPLE ANSWERS – MANY POSSIBILITIES). La próximasemana, …. Sofía y Manolo van a comprarmáslibrosparasusclases. Adriana va a trabajar el martespor la tarde. Nosotrosvamos a estudiar. Manolova a bailar con Sofíaparacelebrar el cumpleaños de un amigo. Sofíava a lavar la ropa. Ellos van a tocar la guitarra.
Self-check Can you ask someone what they are going to do? Can you tell someone what you are going to in the near future? (Answers are on the next slide.)
Self-check answers Can you ask someone what they are going to do? ¿Qué vas a hacer [+time reference]? ¿Qué vas a hacereste fin de semana? Can you tell someone what you are going to in the near future? Voy a… [+ VERB in the infinitive form (not conjugated)] Voy a descansar.
TENER QUE Expressing what you have to do TENER GANAS DE Expressing what you feel or don’t feel like doing
Rewind First, remember how “tener” means “to have”. What did we previously use “tener” to express? Go back to page 80 of your book and read the sentences with “tener”.
Rewind First, remember how “tener” means “to have”. What did we previously use “tener” to express? age Go back to page 80 of your book and read the sentences with “tener”.
Rewind First, remember how “tener” means “to have”. What did we previously use “tener” to express? possession age Go back to page 80 of your book and read the sentences with “tener”.
Obligations – Tenerque Similar to English, you can use “to have” to express what you have to do. Conjugate tener accordingly to who has to do something: Tengoqueestudiar. (yo) Tenemosquehablar. (nosotros; tú y yo) Adriana tienequecomprar comida. (ella) ¿Tienesqueestudiar? (tú) Mishermanostienenquemirar la tele. (ellos) You can figure out the rest. (If you have trouble, ask me.)
Tenerganas de The other use of “tener” in an expression is for expressing what you feel or don’t feel like doing. Add “ganas de”. Tengoganas de celebrar. (yo) No tenemosganas de estudiar. (nosotros) Lalosiempretieneganas de hablarporteléfono. Also notice here how the conjugation of tener changes depending on who feels or doesn’t feel like doing something.
Práctica Go to page 153 of your textbook and do activities G and H and e-mail them to me. G: For each number, you will write an exchange between two people. The first speaker invites the other person to go somewhere (IR = to go). The second speaker says sorry, I can’t and what he/she has to do instead. H: Answer the four questions about what you feel like doing and your plans. For further practice of “tenerque” and “tenerganas de”, go to pages 168-169 of your “Cuaderno de tareas” and complete eactivities G, H, I and J. The answers are on Blackboard > Course Documents.