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Ap m.ages#3 4
 

Ap m.ages#3 4

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    Ap m.ages#3 4 Ap m.ages#3 4 Presentation Transcript

    • wILlIAM THE CONQUEROR
      The Duke of Normandy
      Wrote the Doomesday Book
    • Battle of Hastings
      1066
      Brought Feudalism to England
    • Henry II
      Great grandson of William the Conqueror
      Was Married to
      Eleanor of Aquitaine
      ENGLISH COMMON LAW
      Grand jury
      Trial jury
      Circuit Judge
    • Two Well Known Sons:
      Richard the
      Lionhearted
      King John
      (signed the Magna Carta)
    • Thomas Becket
      Archbishop of Canterbury
      Murdered Dec. 29, 1170
      Canonized in 1173
      Canterbury Tales, by
      Geoffrey Chaucer
      Friendship vs. Loyalty to the Church??
    • Henry II
      Great grandson of William the Conqueror
      Was Married to
      Eleanor of Aquitaine
      ENGLISH COMMON LAW
      Grand jury
      Trial jury
      Circuit Judge
    • King John 1199-1216
      Mean to his subjects
      Tried to squeeze $ out of them
      Raised taxes to finance his wars ….all culminated in…(next slide)
    • Magna Carta
      1215
      • One of the three pillars to England’s constitution
      • Latin “great charter”
      • The nobles forced King John to sign it
      • Guaranteed the nobles certain basic political rights
      • Limited the power of the king
    • Simon de Montfort
      Father of the House of Commons
      Called the first directly elected parliament in Medieval Europe
    • Parliament
      HOUSE
      of
      commons
      HOUSE
      Of
      Lords
      Great Council
    • France-Capetian Dynasty
      987-1328
      Development of representative gov’t
      Philip II(1180-1223)—he was, Philip Augustus
      Bailiffs
      French attempts at Beginning to establish a democratic tradition!
      Louis IX(grandson of Philip II)-1226-1270
      Created a French appeals court
      Philip IV(1285-1314)
      Adds Third Estate to the Estates-General(Frenh Parliament)
    • Estates-General
    • National Assembly
      Parliament
    • #4. Hundred Years War
      “Misery of the Middle Ages”
      ENGLAND
      FRANCE
    • What were the causes of the Hundred Years War?? Pages 348-349
      Disagreement over rights of land
      Dispute over the succession to the French throne
      • Charles IV(Fr.),dies childless in 1328; Capetian dynasty ends
      • Charles’ sister, Isabella, had a son—Edward III, king of England
      • Salic law—exclusion of women(6th C law maintained until 1789!)
      • What happened from here??
      Economic conflicts
      Duchy of Aquitaine
    • Major Battles:
      Agincourt (1415)
      Poitiers (1356)
      Crecy (1346)
      English long bow dominated the battle field
      Text Maps, page 351
    • Joan of arc
      Peasant girl who Convinced Charles vii to be crowned
      convinced dauphin she could lead the French to victory
      Lead the French in a battle at fort Orleans and won
    • Joan of arc is captured by the English, accused of witchcraft
      May 30th 1431 she is tied to a stake and burned to death at 19 years old
    • 25 years later church retried her case and proclaim her as innocent
      May 16th 1920 she is canonized a saint
      Became a patron saint of France because she saved the French monarchy!!!
    • Which of the following was not an English victory during the Hundred Years War?
      Crecy
      Agincourt
      Orleans
      Poitiers
      Normandy
    • A major cause of the Hundred Years’ War for the French was that:
      The French nobles were unwilling to give their support to the English who claimed the throne of France
      A woman had become ruler of France for the 1st time
      The King of France claimed the throne of England
      The economic reason of wool
    • Impact 100 Yrs. war
      1. rise of nationalism
      2. representative assembly's will develop…. Parliamentary system
      3. War of the Roses—rise of the Tudor dynasty in England
      4. The twin pillars of the Middle Ages---The Age of Faith & the Age of Chivalry…will die