On the eve of the French Revolution, France was the wealthiest, most influential, and most populous nation in Europe! It’s population was 25 million people!
Our goal will be to interpret this quote by the end of this unit!
It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity… -- Charles Dickens A Tale of Two Cities
Monarchy on the eve of the Revolution Marie Antoinette & Louis XVI
Commoners 3rd Estate Aristocracy 2nd Estate Clergy 1st Estate The Suggested Voting Pattern: Voting by Estates 1 1 1 Louis XVI insisted that the ancient distinction of the three orders be conserved in its entirety.
Commoners 3rd Estate Aristocracy 2nd Estate Clergy 1st Estate The Number of Representatives in the Estates General: Vote by Head! 300 300 648
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes(See-ya yes!)—listening to the past-pg. 626) 1 st What is the Third Estate? ( Qu'est-ce que le tiers état?) Everything! 2 nd What has it been heretofore in the political order? Nothing! 3 rd What does it demand? To become something therein! Abbé Sieyès 1748-1836
convicted for six murders, was guillotined on June 17th 1939,outside the prison Saint Pierre at rue Georges Clémenceau in Versailles. Conspiracy, ---kidnapping, fraud, robbery, murder, resisting arrest
Hamida Djandoubi—a Tunisian Immigrant was the last to die at the hands of the Maiden in 1977!!!!!
He was convicted of the torture & murder of 21 year old ElisabethBousquet, his former girlfriend, in Marseille.
Though the death penalty was grinding to a halt in 1970’s France, Djandoubi was not the last person condemned ; the guillotine was only abolished with the election of the Francois Mitterand government in 1981!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Was tried, convicted of treason and executed by guillotine on 16 October 1793, nine months after her husband. Her last words were, "Pardon me Sir, I did not mean to do it ," to Sanson the executioner, whose foot she accidentally stepped on before she was executed by guillotine.
Abbe Sieyès: Confidence from below; authority from above.
Brumaire was the second month in the French Republican Calendar. Brumaire often refers to the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in the year VIII (November 9, 1799), by which General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the government of the Directory to replace it with the Consulate.
Took place in cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, France on December 2 nd , 1804. Crowned himself emperor in presence of Pope Pius VII to send a message that the Church will be excluded from all political affairs .