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Fyp org sci networks

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  • 1. READING BEYOND THE LINES A Psychological Challenge on Past Works of Organizational Networks
  • 2. ORGANIZATIONALNETWORK ANALYSIS ANTECEDENTS &
  • 3. Structural analysis Centrality, Density, Tie Strength• Innovation• Knowledge-sharing Patterns• Alliance Strategies
  • 4. PROBLEMS…
  • 5. OVEREMPHASISONMODELING
  • 6. OVEREMPHASIS ON ModelingAssumption:• Neutral, uniform actors• Ties are ‘given’
  • 7. HOWEVER…Psychology of Individuals:• We „audit‟ relations – Territoriality• Social capital: Guanxi
  • 8. PROPOSITION #1Psychology of Individuals:The eventual network configuration ofthe organizational network is less thanexpected due to psychology ofindividuals
  • 9. ALSO…Psychology of Individuals:• Personality: charisma• Perceived similarities – Old Boys‟ Network biasedness
  • 10. PROPOSITION #2Psychology of Individuals:The eventual network configuration ofthe organizational network is better thanexpected due to psychology ofindividuals
  • 11. Troubles withMulti-levelperspective
  • 12. Troubles with Multi-level perspectiveAssumption:• Convenient ‘dissection’ of levels• Ascertain non-focal / focal actors – Neutrality of non-focal individuals
  • 13. Organization
  • 14. Organization TEA M
  • 15. HOWEVER…Psychology of Non-focal Individuals:• Territorial Behaviors – “This job was mine!”• Exert psychological pressures
  • 16. PROPOSITION #3Psychology of Non-focal Individuals:The eventual network configuration ofthe organizational network is less thanexpected due to psychology of non-focalindividuals
  • 17. ALSO…Psychology of Non-focal Individuals:• Motivated tactician – Guanxi cultivation• Impression Management – „creating‟ that impression
  • 18. PROPOSITION #4Psychology of Non-focal Individuals:The eventual network configuration ofthe organizational network is better thanexpected due to psychology of non-focalindividuals
  • 19. UNDOCUMENTEDNEGATIVETIES
  • 20. UNDOCUMENTED NEGATIVE TIESAssumption:• Single polarity in relationships – “closeness” vs “animosity”• ties based on strength
  • 21. HOWEVER…Psychology of Negative Relationships:• Existing literature: – Contempt, gossips, territoriality• Ought to document negative ties
  • 22. IN ADDITION…Psychology of Negative Relationships:• Balance Theory (Heider, 1956) A - + B C -
  • 23. PROPOSITION #5Psychology of Negative Relationships:The eventual network configuration ofthe organizational network is less thanexpected due to existing negative ties
  • 24. Determinable Networkstructures?
  • 25. Determinable NETWORK STRUCTUREs?Assumption:• Constant stability – Ties are constant and present
  • 26. HOWEVER…Determinable Network Structures?• Relations subject to idiosyncrasies• “dynamic” stability – Can be more, can be less
  • 27. PROPOSITION #6Psychology of Negative Relationships:The eventual network configuration ofthe organizational network is lessdeterministic than expected due topsychologies of individuals, both focal &non-focal.
  • 28. DISCUSSIONSImplications of a Less than Desired Network Config:• Centrality, density lower / higher – Reexamine attributions to effects • Knowledge-sharing, Power – Perhaps more of individuals • Structural effects not so determinable
  • 29. Contributions• Challenge accuracy of past works – Structural „integrity‟ in first place – Empirical support mooted • Knowledge sharing: cultural? • Innovation: individual creativity?
  • 30. Contributions• Accentuate non-focal individuals & negative ties – Problems of „leveled‟ perspectives – Further promote studies on negative ties
  • 31. Contributions• Contribute to literature on org birth / creations – Psychology shapes structural configuration – Interdependence of individuals
  • 32. Contributions• Stress inseparability of psychology in social relations – Social life > structural patterning of ties – Appreciate social psychological concepts
  • 33. Conclusion• Stress problems in assumptions of structural analysis in organizational networks• Organizational network analysis still useful – Reinvents to become more robust