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Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
Storytelling in the Digital Age
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Storytelling in the Digital Age

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Presented 4/2/2010 at PCAACA, St. Louis, MO Libraries, Museums and Archives

Presented 4/2/2010 at PCAACA, St. Louis, MO Libraries, Museums and Archives

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  • 1. Storytelling in the Digital Age Katie Elson Anderson, Rutgers PCA/ACA April 2, 2010
  • 2. Loss of the Art of Storytelling? <ul><li>“ Less and less frequently do we encounter people with the ability to tell a tale properly” – Walter Benjamin, 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Is technology taking away from the storytelling experience? </li></ul><ul><li>Are oral traditions and traditional storytelling being destroyed? </li></ul>
  • 3. Storytelling: Is the act of communicating an event, or sequence of events to an audience using words and/or physical movement. uses words, uses actions, is interactive, presents a story, encourages the active imagination of the listeners. –National Storytelling Network Explain, educate, enlighten Pass on historical, cultural, and moral information Provide escape and relief from struggle to survive <ul><li>William Bascom’s “Four Functions of Folklore”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide escape from reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validate one’s culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain Conformity </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. History <ul><li>Emerged from: </li></ul><ul><li>A need to share experience with others </li></ul><ul><li>A need to provide entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>A need for form and beauty </li></ul><ul><li>A need to record history and social norms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Pellowski </li></ul></ul>Everyone a storyteller. Used Technologies available: songs, chants, words, gestures, chants, drawings, pictures Specialists honed their skills: bards, minstrels, ashiks, griots
  • 5. From Oral to Written 1919 Grimm Brothers- Kinder und Hausmaerchen Oral replaced by literary or enhanced? Evidence that literary traditions are influenced by oral traditions. Jack Zipes, 1994 Wider audience Reading aloud vs. storytelling Increased Sharing Traditional: Legend- History Myth- Spiritual Fairy Tale- Magical Non-Traditional: Urban Legends Personal Narrative
  • 6. Libraries and Museums 1899- Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh: One of the earliest examples of regular story-hours. Children’s Librarians trained in Storytelling at Carnegie Library and Pratt Institute Museum Story Hours: Boston Museum of Fine Arts:1911 Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1917 Decline in the 60’s of traditional story hours, replaced with reading out loud. Staffing? or Technology?
  • 7. Technology Storytelling changes with each new technology available. Audio: Tape Recorders Radio Podcasting Recapturing Oral Tradition Wider Audience More exposure StoryCorps Visual: Pictographs Drawings Visual Stories Photosharing: Flickr Video: Digital Storytelling: Center for Digital Storytelling Education Marketing YouTube
  • 8. Twitter Twovel Facebook Novel Multi-User Gaming Storytelling is a social event. Social Technology is storytelling. YouTube Storytelling is Sharing Comments, Conversation, Communication Engaging, Emotional, Educational Experience vs Witness
  • 9. Everyone can tell a story . The Universe of Storytelling: Sharing Collaboration Democratization
  • 10. &nbsp;
  • 11. References Anderson, Katie E. (2010) “Storytelling”. 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook, edited by H. James Birx. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications ( forthcoming ). Bascom, W. (1965b). Four Functions of Folklore. The Journal of American Folklore , 67 (266), 333-349. Benjamin, W. (1968) The Storyteller. In Arendt, H. (ed) Illuminations (pp.83-109). New York: Schocken Books. Fields, A. &amp; Diaz, K. (2008). Fostering Community through Digital Storytelling: A Guide for Academic Librarians. Westport, Conn: Libraries Unlimited, 2008. Pellowski, A. (1990). The world of storytelling . Bronx, NY: H.W. Wilson. Zipes, J. (1994). Fairy tale as myth . Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. Images http://www.flickr.com/photos/crackdog/39179619822.0 http://www.wordle.net/thumb/wrdl/1302139/Storytelling

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