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Herbs for horses

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  • 1. Native Plants of NorthAmerica for EquineHealthUseful botanical remedies for common equineailments.
  • 2. Woody Plants vs. HerbsAn “herb” is a flowering, seed-bearing plant withfleshy (rather than woody) stems.Herbaceous plants include flowering perennials,most annual plants, some trees, shrubs, andvines. “Woody” plants produce bark that coverstheir stems and other shoots.Most “pasture weeds” are in fact healthful,beneficial plants.
  • 3. Oregano, Marjoram, & ThymeOregano Oregano essential oil- Basil Carvacrol and Thymol Genera Origanum and Thymus Antibiotic effects Antifungal effects Antioxidant effects Administration- oil and fresh Collection and preparation- whole plant
  • 4. FennelAntispasmodicExpectorantAnti-inflammatoryAdministration- fresh or driedCollection and preparation- Seeds and leaves
  • 5. RaspberryUterine tonic- Fragrine RedAntispasmodicNutritive-iron, calcium, magnesiumAdministration- fresh ordry BlackCollection andPreservation- leaves andfruit
  • 6. How to Distill Essential OilsHere are two videos about making your ownessential oil. Most oils are available commercially,but growing and distilling your own oils can berewarding if you can obtain the equipment. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gDojS7PWWP Y http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0QRZc3kaHy M
  • 7. How to Dry and Store HerbsTo store herbs dry, simply expose the whole plant todry, warm air. This is best done in a darkenvironment to maximize nutrient retention. Storageshould be in dark, air-tight containers. Here aresome videos to illustrate: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Haf-_tqlpX0 http://video.about.com/gardening/Dry-and- Freeze-Herbs.htm
  • 8. SourcesBăjan M, Aprotosoaie AC, Spac A, Stănescu U. Chemical composition of essential oil obtained from Romanian fennel fruits. Rev Med ChirSoc Med Nat Iasi. 2011 Apr-Jun;115(2):590-4.Brett, N.D., Jennifer. "Fennel: Herbal Remedies" 31 January 2007. HowStuffWorks.com.<http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/natural-medicine/herbal-remedies/fennel-herbal-remedies.htm> 14 February 2013.Harman, J. 2002. The toxicity of herbs in equine practice. Clinical techniques in equine practice. 1:2. 74-80.http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=23http://www.thepracticalherbalist.comMastelic, J. et al. 2008. Comparative Study on the Antioxidant and Biological Activities of Carvacrol, Thymol, and Eugenol Derivatives.Food Chem., 56 (11), pp 3989–3996.Nostro, A., and Papalia,T. 2012. Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol: current progress and future prospectives. Universty of Messina, Italy.PubMed.Nostro, A.; Marino, A.; Blanco, A.R.; Cellini, L.; Di Giulio, M.; Pizzimenti, F.; Sudano Roccaro, A., Bisognano, G. In vitro activity ofcarvacrol against staphylococcal preformed biofilm by liquid and vapour contact. J. Med. Microbiol. 2009, 58, 791–797.Ostad, S. Et al. 2001. The effect of fennel essential oil on uterine contraction as a model for dysmenorrhea, pharmacology, and toxicitystudy. Journal of ethnopharmacology. 76:3. 299-304.Rojas-Vera J, Patel AV, Dacke CG: Relaxant activity of raspberry (Rubus idaeus) leaf extract in guinea-pig ileum in vitro. PhytotherRes 2002, 16:665-8.Ultee, A. 2000. Bactericidal action of carvacrol towards the food pathogen Bacillus cereus. A case study of a novel approach to mild foodpreservation. Ph.D. thesis. Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5808-219-9.Westfall, R. 2001. Herbal medicine in pregnancy and childbirth. Advances in Therapy 18:1, 47-55