Review: What are Culture Regions?Areas on the earthwhich are grouped bycommon characteristicsLanguageReligionGovernmentEthnicityHistoryRegions are oftenseparated by physicalfeatures but may alsobe subject to differentperspectives
Rivers sometimes flow into each other. This iscalled a confluence.Cultures do the same thing. Many cultures co-existin all regions of the world.Because of this, cultures must depend upon eachother but also may come in conflict with each other.Think of world cultures as many rivers.
Conflict & CooperationWhat might be some reasons that would causedifferent cultures to come in conflict witheach other?
Conflict & CooperationCultures do not exist in isolation.Share common characteristics:History Culture Natural ResourcesWhy do cultures have to learn to cooperate witheach other?
The Middle East is one example of a cultureregion because...• Spans 3 continents –Europe, Africa, Asia•Christianity, Islam, andJudaism all have theirroots in the Middle East• Major ethnic groups incommon – Arab, Jewish,Turkish, Persian, Kurds
Unfortunately, the cultures in the MiddleEast come into conflict quite often.There are several main reasonsfor conflict in the Middle East.• Religion• Availability of Natural Resources• Political Differences• Ownership of Land• Cultural Perspectives
Conflict #1: ReligionBirthplace of threereligionsChristianityJudaismIslamAll consider Jerusalemto be holy thereforeclaim ownership of landWars have been foughtover holy sites –Crusades, JewishDiaspora
Conflict #2: Natural ResourcesTwo scarceresources: Oil &Fresh WaterOil –Large deposits of oilthat are unevenlydistributedFresh Water –Scarce because largeareas of Middle Eastare desert
Conflict #3: Political DifferencesThe region containsseveral differentgovernment types:DemocraticMonarchiesTheocraciesDictatorshipsSome countries are intransition or haveunstable governments
Conflict #4: Ownership of LandIsrael vs. Palestine:Jews vs. ArabsHistorically bothclaim Israel as ahomelandEuropean ControlRegion oncecontrolled byEuropean countries
Conflict #5: Cultural PerspectivesEthnic Groups:Arabs vs. JewsArabs/Turks vs.KurdsArabs vs. PersiansRole of Women“Westernization” vs.Traditional Customs
Bringing stability and peace to the MiddleEast is a great challenge that affectscultures throughout the world.