Creating the modern middle east gt
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Creating the modern middle east gt

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  • Ideally students will come up with stereotypical things that intertwine w/ conflict.
  • Link students comments to stereotypes. Also link American stereotypes to concept of conflict.
  • Historical setting… will need to elaborate and explain.
  • Explain challenges that were left by this. Also, link to colonial interests in region.
  • Modern issue with the haves v. have nots; has created conflict; strategic resource for the global economy
  • Link between the environment and a rapidly growing population; creates challenges with water distribution on the river basins
  • A continuous legacy with complex issues
  • A good reminder that issues in this region are complex. The cartoon shows the Arab perspective in the 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah. Remind students that when studying complex issues that it is important to understand the other side or point of view on an issue.
  • Also important to remind students that region of cultural convergence and religious convergence that was there long before modern boundaries, which may have complicated things.

Creating the modern middle east gt Creating the modern middle east gt Presentation Transcript

  • Student Objectives Students will be able to:identify and explain roots of conflicts in the MiddleEastgive examples of the various ways groups ofpeople view the Middle Eastexplain the geographic factors that shape theforeign policies and international relationships inthe Middle Eastanalyze the processes that lead to the formation ofboundaries in the Middle East through the creationof maps to answer geographic questions and toinfer geographic relationships
  • Warm-up Write down the first three things thatcome to mind about the Middle East.
  • Stereotypes Have No Place InThis Activity
  • Sources of ConflictWhat are some universalsources of conflict?What are some specificreasons for conflict? Colonial Rule Religious Differences Natural Resources:
  • A History of Empires Mesopotamia – one of the earliestcivilizations Babylonians, Assyrians, Phoenicians,Hittites, Sumerians, Egyptians Persian Empire Greek and Roman Empires Byzantine Empire Ottoman Empire
  • Ottoman Empire Controlled Middle East from1299 to1922 Capital in Constantinople (Istanbul) Ottoman emporer was both political andreligious leader of all Muslims(regardless of ethnicity)Both Sultan and Caliph Attempts to modernize & “westernize”Middle East
  • World War I (1914-1918) Allied Powers: Great Britain, France,Italy, & Russia Central Powers: Austria-Hungary &Germany Ottoman Empire: in decline & desired toregain power for modernizationAligned with Central PowersOn losing side of war Great Britain & France decide to divideup the remnants of the Ottoman Empire
  • Creating Countries Activity:Instructions Your group’s job in this activity is to create newcountries in the “Middle East.” Each group (5) will create countries based on one ofthe following topics:freshwater resourcesland use & resourcesethnic distributionlanguage groupsreligion.
  • Instructions (cont.) Each group will have 10-15 minutes todiscuss & create their new countries. After the time ends for creating newcountries, groups will present their newcountries to the rest of the class.Identify reasons for division of countriesAll members need to be prepared to answerquestions and defend your new boundaries
  • Freshwater Resources
  • Freshwater Resources: theNew Countries
  • Land Use & Resources
  • Petroleum Reserves: the NewCountries
  • Ethnic Distribution
  • Ethnic Distribution: the NewCountries
  • Language Groups
  • Language Groups: the NewCountries
  • Religions
  • Religions: the New Countries
  • So… let’s debrief What did you find most difficult about this,and why? How were you equitable & fair when youcreated the new countries? What changes would your group make? How would you go about creating newcountries if you had to consider multiplefactors? How difficult do you think that it was for GreatBritain & France to carve up the Middle East?Why?
  • Back to Our Story… WWI brought the downfall of theOttoman Empire Great Britain & France carved up theMiddle East into spheres of influence1916: Sykes-Picot AgreementHussein-McMahon Correspondence1917: Balfour Declaration (Palestine)The Kurdish Question
  • Post-WWI Middle East Turkey was all thatremained of theOttoman Empire Great Britain & Francegoverned mandatesuntil ready forindependence Created new countriesout of broken promises toleading Arabs Created distrust & setstage for future conflicts
  • The Modern Middle East
  • The Importance of Oil
  • Population Strains LimitedResources
  • The Arab-IsraeliConflict
  • The Lebanese Question
  • The Iraq Question
  • Maps & Cartoons Maps:Global Connections:http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/index.htmlwww.maps.comhttp://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/middle_east_pol_2003.jpg Cartoons:http://www.adl.org/main_Arab_World/arab_media_cartoons_depict_aug2006.htm1987 Universal Press Syndicate