Funan early Khmer kingdom that dominated sea trade from China to India.
The Khmers were greatly influenced by the Indian and Chinese, incorporating both Buddhism and Hinduism into the culture.
By 800, the Khmer had expanded into an empire, reaching their height of power at about 1200. The period from 889 to 1434 is known as the Angkor period.
An increase of rice production made the Khmer prosperous.
Advanced technology: elaborate irrigation systems were built. This allowed for an even greater production of rice--3 to 4 times more rice than had been previously grown.
Provided a surplus of food and allowed for the culture and population to grow.
Angkor Khmer capital where elaborate temple-cities were constructed.
Angkor Wat, built as a monument for the Hindu god, Vishnu, is modeled after a mountain, and was used as an observatory.
Art and architecture may be considered their greatest achievements by some historians. The Khmers used bas relief techniques on nearly every surface and built extravagant monuments. Khmer Empire in 1200 Angkor Wat K.M.C. Pd 7
The Sailendra Dynasty emerged on the island Java and ruled an agricultural kingdom there.
Like the Khmers, the sailendra Dynasty made great contributions to architecture.
Their greatest monument, the Buddhist temple at Borobudur, was built at about 800. It includes terraced levels and an impressive statue of the Buddha. This shows the influence of China and India in Southeast Asia.
The mighty empire of Srivijaya came to control the Sailendra Dynasty.
Srivijaya was a huge power in the sea, ruling the Strait of Malacca and the water surrounding the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java.
The capital became Palembang, located on the island of Sumatra, and grew to be a center of Buddhist learning.
The Srivijayas would eventually name Singapore. Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. Borobudur Satue of Buddha at Borobudur K.M.C. Pd 7
Korea is located on a peninsula that extends out towards Japan.
Its area is similar to the size of Utah.
During the summer it is hot, and in the winter it is very cold.
Korea’s land is mountainous, with a restricted fraction of it that can be farmed.
The Mountains and seas create a fence around Korea, isolating it from its neighboring countries.
Geography of Korea J.J. Pd 7
Early History and Geography of Korea In the beginning Korea was not a centralized government, it was divided into clans or tribes. The Korean people got the idea of a centralized government after the Han empire established a government there. The Korean learned the writing style of the Chinese, along with the ideas of a centralized government, Confucianism, and Buddhism. These ideas fused into their original culture and formed what we know as Korea. Above is a picture taken of a Buddha. Considered the most precious. The Korean eventually united into three separate kingdoms. Then one of them, the Silla, took control and governed Korea as a whole. C.C. Pd 7
The Koryu 935 1932 Christian Coronel The Koyu came to be after the Silla dynasty was overthrown by an officer named Wang Kon. He then named the dynasty Koryu, hence the name Korea. As mentioned earlier the Korean adapted the idea of a centralized government from the Chinese and was put in practice by this dynasty. Many of the practices were adapted by then concerning government issues. One of them is the civil service examination, which did not have a real purpose since the nobles got the positions anyway. Because of this the Koryu suffered many rebellions, but the Mongols caused even more trouble when they took over and demanded a tribute. The Mongols were later driven away, but so was the Koryu dynasty and replaced by the Choson. Although the Koryu were overthrown their achievements were valued. Their traditional art is still valued. One of their most priced knowledge is the making of celadon pottery and many more. C.C. Pd 7
Geography of Southeast Asia & Influence of India and China “ Angkor (12th century)”--picture Cambodiahttp://www.virginmedia.com/digital/galleries/7wonders.php?sd=3 “In Pictures: Angkor Wat ”--picture http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_picture/6946012.stm “Map of Khmer 1200”--picture www.thailandsworld.com/index.cfm?p=277 “Khmer Empire,” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07 http://www.bartleby.com/65/kh/KhmerEmp.html “ Borobudur ”--picture http://neatorama.cachefly.net/images/2007-09/borobudur-top.jpg Buddha at Borobudur picture http://www.bbraun.cz/braunoviny/images/Cesty/Indonesie/Ind_11_borobudur_buddha.jpg The Khmer Empire & Island Trading Kingdoms