Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students

1,019

Published on

24 September 2010 presentation at the annual meeting of the Missouri/Oklahoma Councils of History Education, Springfield, MO

24 September 2010 presentation at the annual meeting of the Missouri/Oklahoma Councils of History Education, Springfield, MO

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,019
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • U.S. immigration officials noted that the poor and the sick constituted most of the Mexicans fleeing north. In 1914, during the strongest flurry of fighting in the revolution, the upper class of Mexico began to immigrate in big numbers as well.
  • Note migration not immigration
  • When the U.S. entered World War II, it turned to Mexico to address wartime labor shortages.
  • http://www.4elemental.com/websites/bgc/
  • http://www.hrusa.org/indig/reports/Tohono.shtm
  • U.S.-Mexico Environmental Program (Border 2012) is a collaboration between the United States and Mexico to improve the environment and protect the health of the nearly 12 million people living along the border. The bi-national program focuses on cleaning the air, providing safe drinking water, reducing the risk of exposure to hazardous waste, and ensuring emergency preparedness along the U.S.-Mexico border. US-Mexico Border 2012: http://www.epa.gov/usmexicoborder/index.html
  • http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/upfront/features/f030110_census_CHART.htm
  • Transcript

    • 1. Mexico in the Midwest? Making the Borderlands Meaningful to Students<br />Borderlands: Regional Encounters and Forgotten Histories<br />Joint Conference of the Missouri and Oklahoma Council for History Education<br />24-25 September 2010, Springfield, Missouri<br />
    • 2. Overview<br />Explore Mexican and Mexican-American migration northward to the Midwest<br />Explore tools to help students understand that the Borderlands do impact them<br />Classroom-ready handouts<br />Online presentation slides <br />www.slideshare.net/kellyinkansas/<br />
    • 3. Migration<br />Mexican migration<br />Major area of contention for US-bilateral relations since 1900s<br />Shared interests in promoting migratory flows<br />Today, US immigration legislation has become more restrictive<br />Reflects concern for high level of Mexican immigration<br />Nevertheless, Mexico continues to be the leading country of origin for migrant workers<br />Legal and<br />Illegal<br />
    • 4. Migration (cont’d)<br />Mexico cannot be ignored<br />Share the same 2,000 mile border<br />Closer proximity=domestic events affect one another<br />NAFTA<br />Mexico is the second largest US trading partner<br />
    • 5. Migration – 19th century<br />Hispanic Americans made up a significant number of workers<br />railroad <br />mining industries<br />Especially in southwestern U.S.<br />led to the growth of communities throughout region<br />Added to existing Hispanic populations in SW<br />
    • 6. Migration – 19th century - Railroads<br />Railroad industry<br />Employment needs brought more workers from remote parts of Mexico<br />New systems integrated the border regions of the United States and Mexico. <br />
    • 7. Migration – 20th century<br />Railroad also led to the economic development of SW US<br />drawing Mexican immigrants in large numbers into agriculture <br />Early 20th century<br />Established a pattern that continued thereafter<br />colonias<br />Established by primarily male Mexican immigrants<br />Railroad employment took them further into the US<br />early 20th century <br />Chicago<br />Kansas City<br />
    • 8. Migration - Mexican Revolution<br />1910 - Mexican Revolution began<br />20th Century’s first modern social revolution, <br />destined to change Mexico’s society and economy<br />flood of Mexican immigrants into the US<br />Choices were simple for Mexicans who opposed the fighting: <br />hide away <br />leave the country<br />
    • 9. Migration – Mexican Revolution (cont’d)<br />Many of the Mexican citizens chose to head north<br />the turmoil of the war<br />the danger<br />the economic catastrophe<br />social chaos surrounding the revolution <br />
    • 10. Migration – Mexican Revolution (cont’d)<br />Some revolutionaries fled to the United States <br />to plot further incursions into Mexico<br />Kansas City a prime example<br />
    • 11. Migration – Mexican Revolution (cont’d)<br />Over 890,000 legal Mexican immigrants (1910-1920)<br />The Revolution had created a state of turmoil to the south<br />Mexicans sought the peace of the north<br />Railroads hired a bulk of the Mexicans <br />construction <br />Maintenance<br />1st mostly poor and sick came<br />Then upper class<br />
    • 12. Migration – World War I<br />Mexican-Americans and Mexican immigrants also moved north in large numbers during WWI<br />Denver<br />San Francisco Bay area<br />steel and auto industries <br />Others began migrating from South Texas to work in cotton fields <br />elsewhere in Texas <br />Oklahoma<br />
    • 13. Migration – Great Depression<br /> U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service adopted a policy of repatriation<br />deported more than 250,000 Mexicans <br />Texas used Rangers to forcibly evict Mexicans who refused to accept voluntary repatriation<br />Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan paid for special trains to take Mexicans to the border<br />
    • 14. Migration – World War II<br />Bracero Program initiated in August 1942<br />allowed importation of temporary contract laborers from Mexico<br />Over the following two decades, more than 4 million Mexican farm-workers arrived in the U.S. under this guest worker program, <br />most of them destined for the cotton-fields and orchards of California and the Pacific Northwest<br /> and the ranches and sugar beet farms of the Midwest. <br />
    • 15. Migration – World War II (cont’d)<br />At its height, over 437,000 guest-workers entered the U.S. annually<br />discontinued in 1964<br />invention of a mechanical cotton harvester reduced labor needs<br />Scandals over “slave labor”<br />
    • 16. Migration – Post-World War II<br />The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965<br />set strict quotas on the number of persons who could legally enter the U.S. from Latin American nations<br />most new Mexican migration to the U.S. in the 1960s and 1970s was temporary and short-term. <br />
    • 17. Migration - 1970s - present<br />Beginning in significant numbers in the 1970s, Mexican immigrants have moved in large numbers to the Midwest U.S.<br />attracted by jobs in the packinghouse industry<br />
    • 18. Migration – 1980s<br />Since the 1980s, Mexican migration has increased dramatically<br />Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986<br />granted amnesty to illegal immigrants who had resided in the U.S. before 1982<br />while imposing penalties on employers who hired illegal immigrants. <br />Several factors led to an increase in Mexican immigration to the U.S. <br />The Latin American Debt Crisis of the 1980s led to high rates of unemployment in Mexico<br />destroyed the savings of a large portion of the middle-class<br />
    • 19. Migration – 1990s<br />1991 - Mexican president Salinas dismantled the communally-owned ejidos<br />one of the most important legacies of the Mexican Revolution<br />Distributed land ownership<br />1994 – NAFTA<br />brought a flood of subsidized U.S. corn into the Mexican market,<br />drove down grain prices <br />Forced hundreds of thousands of people from rural areas to migrate in search of better economic opportunities. <br />
    • 20. Migration – 2000s<br />The 2000 Census showed that the foreign-born population of the U.S. increased by 11.3 million people in the 1990s<br />and Mexican immigrants accounted for 43% of that growth.<br />The region which had the fastest-growing immigrant population was the Southeast<br />Construction, migrant agricultural laborers, textile mills<br />Chicken processing plants.<br />Latino populations of GA, NC, SC, and Arkansas increased between 300 and 400 per cent from 1990 to 2000.<br />Also impacted SW Missouri<br />
    • 21. Common Core State Standards<br />Both Missouri and Oklahoma have adopted (2010)<br />Handout<br />OK PASS Standards – audience query<br />
    • 22. Border – Mexico and the United States<br />
    • 23. Another View of the Border<br />
    • 24. US-Mexico Border 2012 (EPA)<br />
    • 25. Then and Now (1980 / 2010)<br />
    • 26. Census Quick Facts<br />http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/index.html<br />
    • 27. Immigration Explorer (NYT)<br />http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/03/10/us/20090310-immigration-explorer.html<br />
    • 28. Visualizations (Many Eyes)<br />http://manyeyes.alphaworks.ibm.com/manyeyes/visualizations/us-latino-hispanic-population<br />Students can create their own visualizations on this site<br />Site data sets<br />Upload data sets<br />
    • 29. Diversity in the Classroom<br />http://projects.nytimes.com/immigration/enrollment<br />
    • 30. Remade in America (NYT)<br />http://projects.nytimes.com/immigration/<br />
    • 31. Census Atlas: Race and Hispanic Origin<br />http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/censusatlas/pdf/3_Race-and-Hispanic-Origin.pdf<br />
    • 32. Spanish’s Gifts to English<br />http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/mexican_voc.html<br />
    • 33. What Makes Us Americans:<br />http://www.communityeducationcenter.org/print/education/what-makes-us-american-video-montage<br />
    • 34. Additional Information<br />Kelly A. Woestman<br />Assistant Chair and Professor of History – Pittsburg (KS) State University<br />woestman@pittstate.edu<br />http://www.slideshare.net/kellyinkansas<br />A copy of this presentation will be posted here<br />

    ×