World war ii


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World war ii

  1. 1. Ch. 28 / 30 OBJECTIVES: <ul><li>1. Identify events that led to increased tension and frustration prior to WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Understand how the failures of WWI led to the start of WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Identify the differences between fascism, communism, and democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Analyze how and why dictators claimed power. (Ger, Italy, Soviet Union) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Explain Japans actions in the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>6. Describe how the situation in Spain helped Hitler. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Explain Hitler’s motives for expansion and how Britain and France responded. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Identify why Japan attacked the Unites States at Pearl Harbor. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Summarize the Allied plan for winning the war in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Understand the Allied military strategy to end the war in the Pacific – Japan </li></ul><ul><li>11. Explain the Effects of the Second World War. </li></ul>
  2. 2. 1- Flu Epidemic of 1918 (Spanish Flu) <ul><li>More died from the flu than WWI: (pg 729) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 million Vs. 10 million </li></ul></ul>I had a bird and his name was Enza I opened the window and In-flu-enza
  3. 3. Great Depression: <ul><li>The United States had emerged from the war as the major creditor and financier of postwar </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Great Britain (and others) needed help to rebuild </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Germany to pay reparations). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Globally 30 million out of work </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered prestige of Capitalism / Democracy </li></ul>Hey Commies…Stop laughing at our government
  4. 4. Common Reaction: <ul><ul><li>Many countries had a nationalist response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping to themselves economically </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. ?????????????? <ul><li>Do you think this was healthy? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why or why not. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Decline in exports:
  7. 8. Gold Standard
  8. 9. <ul><li>With a partner… Read pg. 8-11 on the “Upfront” magazine </li></ul>ASSIGNMENT:
  9. 10. QUESTIONS: <ul><li>1. Why do people compare President Obama’s situation to that of Franklin Roosevelt in 1933? (3 reasons) </li></ul><ul><li>2. How much further was the stock market down from 1929 than from 2007? What about the employment rate? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How will the economic stimulus be spent? </li></ul><ul><li>4. How many US jobs have been lost since the recession began in 2007? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Why did Roosevelt say “The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself?” </li></ul><ul><li>6. What is the current amount of governments share in the economy? Pg. 11 </li></ul><ul><li>7. How many Americans receive payments from social security? Don’t forget the children… </li></ul><ul><li>8. Do you agree that Americans should get unemployment insurance? Why or why not. </li></ul><ul><li>9. What is deposit insurance? </li></ul>
  10. 11. #2 – Failures of WWI WWII: <ul><li>League of Nations lacked leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to economically rebound </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was very bitter </li></ul><ul><li>Formed new alliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built on peace… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Locarno Act) </li></ul></ul>The war to end all wars... Yeah right!
  11. 12. Country Problems Political conflicts, high German taxes Poland Succession of weak governments, new boundaries that interrupted trade Hungary Weak economy, private armies, Austria Land in ruins, technology destroyed, inflation, war debt, political unrest France Labor troubles, Irish independence movement Great Britain
  12. 13. 3 – Identify differences in… <ul><li>Democracy = Branches of Government, </li></ul><ul><li>Voting, Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Communism = Looks to the future. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia and Bolshevik Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classless society, Gov. controls property </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fascism = Looks to reclaim past glory. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany – 3 rd Reich or “Reign” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Attila the Hun) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy - Roman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help upper and middle classes through government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(military) intimidation and fear. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. 4 - Analyze how dictators claimed power . <ul><li>1. Read pg. 744 “Mussolini's rise to power” </li></ul><ul><li>2. Pg. 745 “Nazis and Hitler” </li></ul><ul><li>3. Pg. 750-751 “The Five Year Plan” </li></ul>Keep in your notes...
  14. 15. 4 - Analyze how Dictators claimed power. <ul><li>Mussolini – Seized power by marching his army (Blackshirts) on the Roman Capital and forcing King Victor Emanuel out of power. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler – After his Imprisonment, he used World War I and the economy to stir emotions. Soon began using propaganda techniques to get elected . </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin – Came to power after Lenin’s death, began a 5 year plan to become industrialized, and then began his purges (killing and imprisoning millions </li></ul>
  15. 16. COMMONALITY: each: killed, spied, imprisoned, threatened and restricted freedoms
  16. 17. GERMANY: A CLOSER LOOK <ul><li>Number of Unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>1928 2 million </li></ul><ul><li>1929 2.5 million </li></ul><ul><li>1930 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>1931 5 million </li></ul><ul><li>1932 6 million </li></ul>
  17. 18. Evolution of the Nazi party in the German Reichstag (congress) 288 196 230 107 12 14 32 0 0 Mrch 1933 Nov 1932 July 1932 Sept 1930 May 1928 Dec 1925 May 1924 Jun 1920 Jan 1919
  18. 19. LAB PROJECT: <ul><li>TASK: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a PowerPoint focusing on German propaganda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Define propaganda </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph Goebbels (who was he, what is his significance) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reich Chamber (what was its purpose, impact) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Targeting the youth (why and how) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling books, movies, radio, art, merchandise (3 examples) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Include 3 examples of Anti-Semitic propaganda </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 examples of brochures / literature </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 20. LAB PROJECT: <ul><li>30 – Power Point is very organized, information & pictures are extremely helpful, is extremely easy to read, covers all required information, includes a variety of creative measures to enhance project. </li></ul><ul><li>25 – Power Point is organized, information & pictures are helpful, is easy to read, covers required information, includes creative measures to enhance project. </li></ul><ul><li>20 – Power Point is somewhat organized, information & pictures are somewhat helpful, brochure is challenging to read in some places, covers some required information, includes limited creative measures used to enhance project. </li></ul><ul><li>15 – Power Point is unorganized, information & pictures are lacking, is extremely difficult to read, covers limited required information, lack of creative measures used to enhance project. </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Why did people follow Hitler? <ul><li>1. He told them what they wanted / needed to hear. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make money, eliminate Treaty of Versailles, create jobs, other races were inferior, build respect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Propaganda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers, posters, speeches … </li></ul></ul>
  21. 27. BOARDGAME
  22. 28. ‘ Tomorrow's officer'
  23. 29. Youth serves the Führer'
  24. 32. Capturing Paris, France
  25. 33. #5 – Explain Japans actions in the Pacific <ul><li>1. Island nation who felt the need for more natural resources. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Invaded Manchuria (China) after military Generals came to power following an assassination. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Perhaps pushed by Hitler and the Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Leaves the League of Nations </li></ul>Map on 783
  26. 34. Picasso: &quot;Guernica&quot;
  27. 35. #6 – Describe the situation in Spain and the outcome. <ul><li>1936 Spain was in civil war… </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler sided with Franco and send his military (tanks and planes) to attack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes Hitler's practice run. </li></ul></ul>Pg. 784
  28. 36. Spain Germany France Great Britain Italy Soviet Union Civil War Axis = Red Allies = Blue
  29. 37. #7 – Identify the Allied and Axis Powers <ul><li>Great Britain, France, Soviet Union and USA </li></ul><ul><li>Germany, Italy, and Japan </li></ul>Allies = Axis =
  30. 38. <ul><li>Think of a situation when you have had to give-in to a little situation because of fear confrontation might lead to a hassle with a big situation? </li></ul>
  31. 39. #8 - Explain Hitler’s motives for expansion and how Britain and France responded. <ul><li>1. Unify German people </li></ul><ul><li>2. Revenge on the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>3. Capture lost land </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France responded with… </li></ul>Appeasement
  32. 40. Appeasement = <ul><li>Giving in to ones demands… avoiding a situation to keep peace </li></ul>
  33. 42. GERMAN ACTIONS: <ul><li>1. Rearm (build military) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Leave the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>3. Rome-Berlin Axis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Later bring Japan in… Anti-Communism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. March into Austria unopposed (3 mil. Germans) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Munich Conference = Great Britain and France meet with Germany and Italy….Hitler agrees that the Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia) be part of Germany… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Peace in our time.” (Chamberlin) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6. Next Hitler takes all of Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>7. Great Britain and France ask the Soviets for an Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>8. Soviets sign the “Non-aggression Act” with the Germans – Split Poland </li></ul><ul><li>9. Hitler invades Poland – Great Britain and France declare war!!! </li></ul>
  34. 43. #9 – UNDERSTAND THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN: <ul><li>Blitzkrieg = Lighting War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombed by planes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hitler could not cross the English Channel </li></ul><ul><li>ENGLAND WAS THE LAST HOPE!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quote on page 793… Churchill </li></ul></ul>
  35. 44. Winston Churchill: <ul><li>Master of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Kept the spirits of England alive while enduring the German blitz </li></ul>
  36. 45. Famous Speeches: <ul><li>1. We Shall Fight on the Beaches </li></ul><ul><li>2. Never Give In, Never, Never, Never </li></ul><ul><li>3. Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat </li></ul><ul><li>4. Their Finest Hour </li></ul><ul><li>5. You Do Your Worst, and We Will Do Our Best </li></ul><ul><li>6. The Price of Greatness is… </li></ul>
  37. 46. Answers: <ul><li>VE DAY: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defeat of Rommel in Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land in Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D-Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Offensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of the Bulge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Capture of Berlin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German Surrender </li></ul></ul>
  38. 47. <ul><li>VJ DAY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Midway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Island Hopping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic Bombs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese Surrender </li></ul></ul>
  39. 48. REVIEW: TRUE or FALSE: <ul><li>The Axis Powers included… Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Depression mainly affectd America. </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles accused Germany of starting WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Britain was important because Britain was the last major power for Hitler to capture to claim victory. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascism looks to the past to reclaim past glory </li></ul><ul><li>After the Great Depression other countries viewed the United States as the perfect model government for all to follow. </li></ul><ul><li>Appeasement means giving in to ones demands to reduce confrontation. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s motives for expansion included… unifying Germanic people, recapturing lost land, and building an alliance with France. </li></ul>T F F F T T T F
  40. 49. #10 Understand the turning points of WWII: <ul><li>1. Battle of Britain (last domino doesn’t fall) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Pearl Harbor – America entrance </li></ul><ul><li>3. Stalingrad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler turns and attacks the Soviet Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freezing winter at Stalingrad (don’t surrender) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. D-Day (invasion of Normandy) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Use of Atomic Bomb </li></ul>
  41. 51. Hitler and Stalingrad: <ul><li>Hitler breaks his pact against the Soviets and decides to attack them. </li></ul><ul><li>German troops except an easy victory. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Stalingrad hold out for over 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>The German troops are caught in a freezing winter </li></ul>
  42. 52. <ul><li>Dec. 7 1941 Japan attacks the US naval base at Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroyed 19 ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Killed 2,400 </li></ul></ul>
  43. 53. <ul><li>June 6, 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Amphibious landing (air and sea) by US and allied troops in France </li></ul><ul><li>170,000 troops land and take over the beaches of Normandy, France. </li></ul><ul><li>Troops began heading towards </li></ul><ul><li>Germany from the West. </li></ul>
  44. 54. 1 2 3 Germany
  45. 55. 11 -Understand the Allied strategy to end the war in the Pacific – Japan – <ul><li>1. Island Hopping </li></ul><ul><li>2. Air attacks – bombs </li></ul><ul><li>3. Atomic bombs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hiroshima / Nagasaki </li></ul></ul>
  46. 56. Assignment: <ul><li>Answer #3 on pg. 809 </li></ul><ul><li>Keep in your notes </li></ul><ul><li>22 points (2 each) </li></ul>
  47. 57. 12. Explain the Effects of WWII: <ul><li>1. USA and Soviets become “Superpowers” </li></ul><ul><li>2. Europe is devastated… needs rebuilt </li></ul><ul><li>3. Atomic energy… Genie is out of the bottle </li></ul><ul><li>4. End of the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>5. Germany is split between Allies </li></ul>
  48. 58. 250,000 236,000 14,000 Netherlands 298,131 6,000 292,131 USA 388,000 62,000 326,000 United Kingdom 410,000 80,000 330,000 Italy 413,300 325,000 88,300 Greece 490,000 290,000 200,000 Hungary 525,000 145,000 380,000 Austria 810,000 470,000 340,000 France 985,000 465,000 520,000 Rumania 1,700,000 1,400,000 300,000 Yugoslavia 1,806,000 300,000 1,506,000 Japan 6,850,000 6,000,000 850,000 Poland 7,060,000 3,810,000 3,250,000 Germany 11,324,000 10,000,000 1,324,000 China 25,568,000 16,900,000 8,668,000 U.S.S.R. Total Civilian Military Country
  49. 59. Ch 30-1 WS Answers: <ul><li>1. Made war illegal (60 countries) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Military leaders took control </li></ul><ul><li>3. Manchuria (China)… Fake attack </li></ul><ul><li>4. League of Nations did nothing </li></ul><ul><li>5. Declared them aggressors and placed economic sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>6. Separating church & state, land distribution, workers rights </li></ul><ul><li>7. Those in Spain who supported the republic (falanges) </li></ul><ul><li>8. Helped equip the Loyalist (Franco) </li></ul><ul><li>9. People from Great Britain and USA who helped the Spanish Republic </li></ul><ul><li>10. Fascist Dictatorship </li></ul>
  50. 60. Assignment: <ul><li>Pg. 810 “Understanding Main Ideas” 1-6 </li></ul><ul><li>Pg 811 “Building Social Studies Skills” 1-3 </li></ul>
  51. 62. China Japan Manchuria
  52. 63. 9. Identify why Japan attacked the Unites States at Pearl Harbor. <ul><li>1. The U.S.A placed an embargo on Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped trading with them when they were low on oil/iron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. USA was loaning China $$$ (to stand up to Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Perhaps pushed by Hitler and the Axis Powers </li></ul>
  53. 64. REVIEW: TRUE or FALSE <ul><li>1. A dictator has complete control of a country. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cash and carry was a plan to loan supplies to country </li></ul><ul><li>3. The Jews were badly treated by militarism . </li></ul><ul><li>4. A president who wants to stay out of the problems of other countries believes in appeasement . </li></ul><ul><li>5. Benito Mussolini was a fascist . </li></ul>False False True True True
  54. 65. <ul><li>SHOULD AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>ENTER WWII? </li></ul>
  55. 66. REASONS FOR THE WAR. <ul><li>PROTECT OUR WORLD POWER / LEADERSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IF THE NAZI’S WIN??? </li></ul><ul><li>PROTECT THE FREE WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD IS SHRINKING = MORE DANGER </li></ul>
  57. 68. MOBILIZATION EFFORT <ul><li>1. DRAFT – 10 MILLION ADDITIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>2. WAAC - NURSES, RADIO, OPERATORS </li></ul><ul><li>3. END OF AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>4. FACTORIES CONVET TO WAR PRODUCTS </li></ul><ul><li>WOMEN WORK IN FACTORIES – (60%) </li></ul><ul><li>GATHERING OF SCIENTIST </li></ul><ul><li>OPA (OFFICE of PRICE ADMINISTRATION) – FREEZES PRICES </li></ul>pg. 406
  58. 69. <ul><li>8. RAISED TAXES </li></ul><ul><li>9. SELL WAR BONDS </li></ul><ul><li>10. WBP ( WAR PRODUCTION BOARD) DECIDED TO PEACE/WAR INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>11. RATIONS – GAS, SUGAR, COFFEE, SHOES </li></ul><ul><li>12. PROPAGANDA – FILMS, MUSIC, CARTOONS, POSTERS </li></ul>
  60. 80. Assignment: <ul><li>Read 409-412… </li></ul><ul><li>Answer questions 1-3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>#4 is Extra Credit… </li></ul></ul>
  61. 81. Answers: <ul><li>1. How did the Allies defeat General Rommel’s forces? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British troops attacked Rommel first, then US troops under Dwight D. Eisenhower attacked two weeks later. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Why were the bombings of Tokyo in 1942 important? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Japanese people were shocked that an enemy was attacking their homeland. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Why were American forces able to defeat the Japanese in the pacific? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American island hopping </li></ul></ul>
  62. 82. 8 -Describe the sacrifices Americans made to help support the war. <ul><li>1. FOOD (EGGS, BUTTER, MEAT, BREAD) </li></ul><ul><li>2. WOMEN OUT OF HOME WORKING </li></ul><ul><li>3. VICTORY GARDENS </li></ul><ul><li>4. SUPPLIES (GAS, RUBBER, CLOTH) </li></ul><ul><li>5. RELATIONSHIPS – MOVING/DISTANCE </li></ul><ul><li>6. SOLDIERS OVERSEAS </li></ul>
  63. 83. 9 – Discuss how the war affected women, African Americans, and Latinos. <ul><li>Women = began taking manufacturing jobs, flying planes, entered nursing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New sense of freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>African Americans = 1 million served in military as cooks, waiters, and supply workers. No fighting (faced heavy discrimination) </li></ul><ul><li>Latinos = 3 hundred thousand served and fought. They also completed many jobs that were left in America (also discriminated against) </li></ul>
  65. 86. 10 – Discuss the treatment of Japanese Americans during WWII. <ul><li>Placed in Detention Camps </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 were held in prison like camps </li></ul><ul><li>Had to give up jobs, farms, homes… </li></ul>
  66. 87. EFFECTS OF WWII <ul><li>1. US / SOVIET RELATIONSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>2. GENIE OUT OF BOTTLE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ATOMIC ENERGY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. SUPER POWERS </li></ul><ul><li>4. OUT OF DEPRESSION </li></ul><ul><li>5. US IS IN ASIA </li></ul>
  67. 88. GERMAN ACTIONS: <ul><li>1. ____________... This was a violation of the Treaty of __________. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Leave the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>3. __________-__________ Axis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Later bring Japan in… Anti-Communism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Marched into ________________unopposed (____ mil. Germans) </li></ul><ul><li>5. _________________Conference = Great Britain and France meet with Germany and Italy….Hitler agrees that the Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia) be part of Germany and this will be his last invasion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Peace in our time.” (Chamberlin – Prime Minister of Great Britain) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6. Next, Hitler takes all of ____________________________. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Great Britain and France ask the ______________ for an Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>8. Soviets sign the “________________________” with the ________ – They both agree to split _________________. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Hitler invades Poland – Great Britain and France declare war!!! </li></ul>
  68. 89. Identify “Isolationism” and explain why the US adopted this policy after WWI. <ul><li>Many wanted to remain isolated. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep to yourself, worry about America, not Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t get suckered into another foreign war! </li></ul></ul>
  69. 90. Explain how President Roosevelt assisted the Allies without declaring war. <ul><li>1. CASH AND CARRY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations could buy goods for cash and then carry them home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. LEND-LEASE PLAN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations could borrow / rent goods if it protected America </li></ul></ul>Here, you take these and do all the fighting!!!
  70. 91. The Phony War : <ul><li>After Poland is invaded, France and Great Britain declare war on Germany… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France begins to move its forces to the eastern border. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany also begins moving to the border </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both sides sit and wait from Sept. – April </li></ul><ul><li>Finally Germany invades from the North </li></ul>