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The cold war

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  • 1. THE COLD WAR:
  • 2. CH 23 – OBJECTIVES:
    • 1. Summarize the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union during and after WWII.
    • 2. Analyze the successes and failures of the United States policy of containment.
    • 3. Understand the importance of Germany after World War II.
    • 4. Explain why the United States became involved in the affairs of China, Korea and Vietnam.
    • 5. Describe the superpowers’ struggle for control in Latin America.
    • 6. Explain how communism affected life in America.
    • 7. Analyze the fall of Communism in the Soviet Union and its effects.
  • 3. 1. Summarize the relationship between the United States & the Soviets during and after WWII.
    • BOTH ALLIES AGAINST HITLER
    • BESIDES THAT, BOTH COUNTRIES DID NOT TRUST THE OTHER.
    • DIFFERENCES INCLUDE:
      • POLITICAL SYSTEMS
      • ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
      • POST WWII GOALS
  • 4. RELATIONSHIP DURING WWII?
    • BOTH ALLIES AGAINST HITLER
    • BESIDES THAT, BOTH COUNTRIES DID NOT TRUST THE OTHER.
    • DIFFERENCES INCLUDE:
      • POLITICAL SYSTEMS
      • ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
      • POST WWII GOALS
  • 5. SUSPICIONS:
    • A. SOVIETS WEREW FORMER ALLIES WITH HITLER
    • B. USA DIDN’T ATTACK GERMANY
    • SOON ENOUGH
    • C. USA KEPT ATOMIC BOMB SECRET
  • 6. END OF WORLD WAR II
    • The Soviet Union and the United States race to Berlin.
    • They decide to split Germany / Korea
  • 7. TRUE / FALSE REVIEW:
    • After WWII the two superpowers were the United States and Great Britain.
    • The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1991.
    • The reason it is called the Cold War is because fighting took place in Iceland.
    • The United States and the Soviet Union, although Allies during the war, never really trusted each other.
    • The Cold War really contained no direct fighting, but had numerous situations of fighting around the globe.
  • 8. 2 -Explain attempts to stop the spread of Communism (Containment)
    • With a partner, read pages 826 and 827 and answer the following:
    • A. Truman Doctrine
      • B. Marshall Plan
      • C. Berlin Airlift
  • 9. TRUMAN DOCTRINE:
    • 1 ST TIME TO APPLY CONTAINMENT
    • SOVIETS HAD MADE THREATS TO TURKEY AND GREECE.
    • THE UNITED STATES GIVES 410 MILLION DOLLARS IN AIDE
      • Bribery!!!
    GREECE Turkey
  • 10. MARSHALL PLAN:
    • DON’T MAKE SAME MISTAKES –WWI
    • HELP RESTORE EUROPE
      • STABLE DEMOCRACIES AND ECONOMIES
    • 21 MILLION PEOPLE HOMELESS
    • 1 IN 5 HOUSES DESTROYED IN FRANCE AND BELGIUM
    • INDUSTRIES IN RUIN - RUSSIANS
  • 11.
    • 17 EUROPEAN NATIONS RECEIVED 13 BILLION DOLLARS IN AIDE.
  • 12. Berlin Airlift:
    • In order to keep West Berlin from being taken over by the Soviets, Truman orders an airlift to give food and supplies.
  • 13. NATO Vs. Warsaw Pact
    • Divides Europe into half…
      • USA, GB, France…
        • against
      • Soviets
  • 14. IRON CURTAIN:
  • 15. 4 -Explain how Communism spread in Asia
    • 1. THE COMMUNIST WIN IN CIVIL WAR
      • EVEN THOUGH THE UNITED STATES SUPPORTED THE NATIONALIST
        • CHIANG KAI-SHEK AND THE NATIONALIST FLEE TO TAIWAN
      • CHINA FORMS AN ALLIANCE WITH SOVIETS
    Communism Rules, even in China! Yeah Baby!!! Thanks USA… But I must flee to Taiwan!!! Mao Zedong Chiang kai-shek
  • 16. KOREAN WAR :
    • * DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL
    • NORTH KOREA INVADES THE 38 TH PARALLEL (EVENTUALLY WITH CHINESE HELP)
    • USA RESPONDS BY SENDING TROOPS LED BY (D. MACARTHUR)
  • 17.  
  • 18. VIETNAM :
    • DIVIDED AT THE 17 TH PARALLEL
    • COMMUNIST TOOK CONTROL NORTH
    • USA TOOK CONTROL OF SOUTH
    • UNITED STATES LONGEST WAR, BEGINS IN 65 AND ENDS IN 76.
      • 60,000 US troops killed
  • 19. A B C D E F G H I J Cold War Conflicts:
  • 20. #5 – Describe the superpowers struggle for control in Latin America.
    • Guatemala
      • United Fruit Company (UFCO)
      • USA overthrew the government and installed
      • a pro-democracy… Saving our business interest.
  • 21. CUBA:
    • BAY OF PIGS: CIA led invasion using Cuban exiles to overthrow the Cuban government. (major disaster)
      • CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS: Soviets (with Fidel Castro) place nuclear weapons on Cuba pointed at American cities. JFK uses an embargo and negotiates the withdrawal. Extremely close moments of all out nuclear war!!!
  • 22.  
  • 23. #6 - Explain how communism affected life in America.
    • 1. Fear of Nuclear Attack, bomb shelters
    • 2. Limitations on free speech
    • 3. Joseph McCarthy – list of communist in gov.
    • 4. Blacklist
    McCarthy Rosenbergs Hollywood 10
  • 24. Hollywood and the Cold War:
  • 25. 7 - Analyze the fall of Communism in the Soviet Union and its effects.
    • Height of American Power
    • Spread of Democracy
    • End of the Arms Race
    • Reduction of fear
  • 26.  
  • 27. Cold War:
    • 1945-1991 bad tensions between the superpowers.
      • USA and SOVIET UNION never fought each other, but did fight all around the world
  • 28. CONTAINMENT :
    • KENNANS MAIN MESSAGE
      • KEEP COMMUNISM CONTAINED
    • EASTERN EUROPE WAS ALREADY EXPOSED TO COMMUNISM
    • SATELLITE NATIONS
    • KEEP WESTERN EUROPE SAFE
  • 29. BRANCHES OF GOV. PEOPLE CAN VOTE FREE ENTERPRISE / RAGS TO RICHES 3 CLASSES OF WEALTH 1 LEADER WITH TOTAL POWER NO VOTING GOV. CONTROLS FACTORIES, FARMS 1 CLASS OF WEALTH DEMOCRACY COMMUNISM
  • 30. YALTA CONFERENCE :
    • 1. DIVIDED GERMANY INTO 4 MILITARY ZONES. USA, GB, FR, and RUSSIA
    • 2. UNITED NATIONS CREATED
    • 3. KOREA DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL
  • 31. IRON CURTAIN SPEECH
    • CHURCHILL VISITS MISSOURI
    • CONDEMNED THE DIVISION OF EUROPE
    • CALLED ON AMERICANS TO KEEP STALIN FROM ENCLOSING ANY MORE NATIONS BEHIND THE IRON CURTAIN
  • 32.
    • USA (TRUMAN) APPLYS ECONOMIC RELIEF
    • 400 MILLION IN AIDE FOR TURKEY AND GREECE
  • 33. UNITED NATIONS - NATO
    • PG. 608
    • THE U.S. AND THE SOVIET UNION WERE MEMBERS OF THE U.N. AND THEY WOULD VETO EACH OTHER.
    • IN RESPONSE - NATO WAS CREATED
  • 34.
    • DEVELOPED BY CANADA, ITS PURPOSE WAS TO PROTECT EUROPE AND THE WORLD FROM COMMUNISM
    • “ AN ARMED ATTACK AGAINST ONE SHALL BE AN ATTACK AGAINST ALL.”
  • 35. MEMBER NATIONS:
    • GB, PORTUGAL, LUXEMBERG, FRANCE, DENMARK, BELGIUM, ITALY, THE NETHERLANDS, GREECE, TURKEY, NORWAY, WEST GERMANY, ICELAND,
    • EVENTUALLY SPAIN - 1962
  • 36. POTSDAM CONFERENCE :
    • 1. NO FREE ELECTIONS IN EASTERN EUROPE
    • 2. STALIN FIRST HEARS OF AMERICAS NULEAR POWER
  • 37. WARSAW PACT :
    • SOVIET UNIONS RESPONSE
    • SOVIET UNION, ALBANIA, POLAND, HUNGARY, BULGARIA, EAST GERMANY, ROMANIA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA
  • 38. GEORGE KEENAN: LONG TELEGRAM
    • “ COMMUNISM WAS THE GREATEST THREAT TO THE FREE WORLD, NOT THE SOVIET ARMY.”
  • 39.
    • IN THIS CORNER…. FROM THE FORZEN TUNDRA OF RUSSIA…. THE MASTER OF DISASTER…. THE CZAR FROM AFAR…. THE EVIL EAR OF FEAR…. THE WARSAW PACT
  • 40.
    • AND IN THIS CORNER…. FROM THE LAND OF LIBERTY…. THE KING OF VOTING…. THE ACE OF ECONOMIC SPACE…. THE NATO ALLIANCE
  • 41.
    • LETS GET READY TO RUMBLLLLLLLLE!!!!
  • 42. In your notes answer the following:
    • 1. HOW & WHY DID THE US SUPPORT CHIANG KAI SHEK?
    • 2. WHY DID THE US SUPPORT OF CHIANG DISSOLVE?
    • 3. WHO WAS MAO ZEDONG AND HOW DID HE GAIN CHINESE SUPPORT?
    • 4. WHAT WAS AMERICAS REACTION TO THE COMMUNIST TAKEOVER IN CHINA?
  • 43. POLITICAL CARTOONS:
    • Working with one other student, look at the political cartoon and explain the message or idea that the cartoon is trying to express.
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49.  
  • 50.  
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53. COMMUNISM IN ASIA: KOREAN WAR :
    • * DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL
    • NORTH KOREA INVADES THE 38 TH PARALLEL (EVENTUALLY WITH CHINESE HELP
    • UNITED STATES RESPONDS BY SENDING TROOPS LED BY
    • GEN. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR
  • 54.
    • US MARINES LANDED AT INCHON
    • SANDWICH THE N. KOREANS AT PUSAN
    • PUSHED BACK ACROSS THE LINE
    • CONTINUED INTO N. KOREA EVEN WITH CHINA ISSUEING A WARNING
    • CHINESE TROOPS ENTER THE WAR AND PUSH BACK THE US/UN FORCES
  • 55.
    • GENERAL MacARTHUR WANTED TO CONTINUE AND TAKE ON THE CHINESE AND RUSSIANS TO “GET IT OVER WITH”
    • PRESIDENT TRUMAN DISAGREED
    • MacARTHUR DID NOT FOLLOW ORDERS AND TRUMAN FIRED HIM.
    • US 54,000 SOLDIERS KILLED
  • 56. COMMUNISM IN THE MIDDLE EAST:
    • IRAN – OIL ECONOMY WENT DOWN
      • TURN TO COMMUNIST?
      • USA PAID $$$ AND INSERTED LEADER
    • SUEZ CANAL – CONTROL OF THE WATER WAY TO EUROPEAN / MIDEAST MARKETS. KEEP OUT OF COMMUNIST HANDS
  • 57. COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA:
    • GUATAMALA – NATIONALIZED ALL LAND AND KICKED OUT UNITED STATES BUSINESSES (BANANA)
    • IF THEY ARE NOT SUPPORTING THE US, THEY MUST BE SUPPORTING THE COMMUNIST
  • 58. CUBA
    • FIDEL CASTRO WAS A YOUNG REVOLUTIONARY WHO TURNED LEADER.
    • PROMISED TO ELIMINATE POVERTY, INEQUALITY”
  • 59.
    • HE SIEZED 3 US OIL REFINERIES
    • BROKE UP COMMERCIAL FARMS (SUGAR PLANTS OWNED BY US BUSINESS)
    • USA RESPONDED WITH TRADING EMBARGO
  • 60. CUBAN MISSILE CRISES
    • SOVIET LEADER NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV PROMISED TO PROTECT CUBA WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS
    • THE WEAPONS WERE POINTED AT MAJOR US CITIES
    • CUBA HAD BEEN DENYING THE WEAPONS EXISTED
  • 61.
    • A U.S. U2 SPY PLANE CAPTURED RESONISSANCE PHOTOS OF THE WARHEADS
    • KENNEDY HAD TO DO SOMETHING!
    • HE CHOOSE TO INFORM THE PUBLIC THAT CUBA HAD NUKES
    • IF ANY ATTACK WERE TO OCCURE THEN ALL OUT NUKE ATTACK ON SOVIETS - BRINKMANSHIP
  • 62.
    • THE UNITED STATES ALSO HAD NUKED POINTED AT THE SOVIETS
    • LOCATED IN TURKEY
    • WHO WILL BLINK FIRST???
    • SOVIETS AGREED TO REMOVE NUKES IF WE WOULD FOLLOW
  • 63. COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA :
    • USA HAD MILLIONS UPON MILLIONS OF DOLLARS INVESTED IN LATIN AMERICA.
    • SENT TROOPS TO HONDURAS AND NICARAGUA TO IMPLANT LEADERS
    • UNITED FRUIT CO. IN GUATEMALA = USA WOULD DO ALMOST ANYTHING TO KEEP COMMUNISM AWAY. FEAR AND SUSPICION
    • FIDEL CASTRO
  • 64.
    • Task: You are a historian with a plethora of topics that you can talk about from the Cold War Era. You have been asked to do a presentation to a class on one of those topics. Your presentation should include charts, diagrams, pictures, video, maps, etc., that include historical information. The presentation is a minimum of 8 minutes.
  • 65. Knowledgeable Person
    • How to find and evaluate sources of information to conduct research.
    • 4 - student creates bibliography, uses a variety of resources, has information that is correct, information is pertinent to topic being discussed.
    • 3 - student creates bibliography with some mistakes, has some resources, information has some errors, information is hard to understand.
    • 2 - students bibliography is hard to understand, few resources, information is lacking, information is hard to understand.
    • 1 - lack of bibliography, lack of resources, information is mostly incorrect, information does not relate to topic.
  • 66. Complex Thinker
    • Construct support for an argument
    • 4 - resource materials support argument, resources allow peers to understand argument, presentation is has a structure, presentation is longer than 10 minutes.
    • 3 - resource materials show some support, resources allow peers to partially understand, presentation is random, presentation is right at about 10 minutes.
    • 2 - resource materials lack a show of support, resources confuse peers, presentation lacks structure, presentation is short.
    • 1 - resource materials do not relate to argument, peers are confused, presentation has no structure.
  • 67. Effective Communicator
    • Student expresses ideas clearly using different mediums including technology
    • 4 - students ideas are portrayed in several different ways, student gets points across to the class, student uses technology in appropriate manner for understanding, student assesses what has been talked about.
    • 3 - student presents ideas, students points to class are hard to discern, students use of technology makes it hard to understand topic, students assessment lacks in checking for understanding.
    • 2 - student presents ideas in one way, students points to class are hard to discern, student lacks use of technology, assessment is lacking in value.
    • 1 - students presentation is lacking, student makes few points to class, technology is not used, no assessment of learning is given.
  • 68.
    • Eisenhower Truman Korea
    • Nsc-68 Music Nixon
    • Hollywood Marshall Plan NATO
    • Fidel Castro Berlin Wall 1984
    • Space Race Rosenberg’s UFCO
    • Khrushchev Mao Zedong U2
    • Berlin Airlift Popular Culture Israel
    • Bay of Pigs China
    • Arms Race Churchill CIA
    • McCarthry Espionage HUAC
    • Atomic Race Ho Chi Mihn Hoover
    • Truman Doctrine Alger Hiss
  • 69.
    • A. What is meant by the phrase “The Cold War?”
    • List 5 causes of the Cold War.
    • Do you agree that the war was “cold?” Why or Why Not?
    • D. Explain the military actions taken by the United States in the attempt at containment .