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    The cold war The cold war Presentation Transcript

    • THE COLD WAR:
    • CH 23 – OBJECTIVES:
      • 1. Summarize the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union during and after WWII.
      • 2. Analyze the successes and failures of the United States policy of containment.
      • 3. Understand the importance of Germany after World War II.
      • 4. Explain why the United States became involved in the affairs of China, Korea and Vietnam.
      • 5. Describe the superpowers’ struggle for control in Latin America.
      • 6. Explain how communism affected life in America.
      • 7. Analyze the fall of Communism in the Soviet Union and its effects.
    • 1. Summarize the relationship between the United States & the Soviets during and after WWII.
      • BOTH ALLIES AGAINST HITLER
      • BESIDES THAT, BOTH COUNTRIES DID NOT TRUST THE OTHER.
      • DIFFERENCES INCLUDE:
        • POLITICAL SYSTEMS
        • ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
        • POST WWII GOALS
    • RELATIONSHIP DURING WWII?
      • BOTH ALLIES AGAINST HITLER
      • BESIDES THAT, BOTH COUNTRIES DID NOT TRUST THE OTHER.
      • DIFFERENCES INCLUDE:
        • POLITICAL SYSTEMS
        • ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
        • POST WWII GOALS
    • SUSPICIONS:
      • A. SOVIETS WEREW FORMER ALLIES WITH HITLER
      • B. USA DIDN’T ATTACK GERMANY
      • SOON ENOUGH
      • C. USA KEPT ATOMIC BOMB SECRET
    • END OF WORLD WAR II
      • The Soviet Union and the United States race to Berlin.
      • They decide to split Germany / Korea
    • TRUE / FALSE REVIEW:
      • After WWII the two superpowers were the United States and Great Britain.
      • The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1991.
      • The reason it is called the Cold War is because fighting took place in Iceland.
      • The United States and the Soviet Union, although Allies during the war, never really trusted each other.
      • The Cold War really contained no direct fighting, but had numerous situations of fighting around the globe.
    • 2 -Explain attempts to stop the spread of Communism (Containment)
      • With a partner, read pages 826 and 827 and answer the following:
      • A. Truman Doctrine
        • B. Marshall Plan
        • C. Berlin Airlift
    • TRUMAN DOCTRINE:
      • 1 ST TIME TO APPLY CONTAINMENT
      • SOVIETS HAD MADE THREATS TO TURKEY AND GREECE.
      • THE UNITED STATES GIVES 410 MILLION DOLLARS IN AIDE
        • Bribery!!!
      GREECE Turkey
    • MARSHALL PLAN:
      • DON’T MAKE SAME MISTAKES –WWI
      • HELP RESTORE EUROPE
        • STABLE DEMOCRACIES AND ECONOMIES
      • 21 MILLION PEOPLE HOMELESS
      • 1 IN 5 HOUSES DESTROYED IN FRANCE AND BELGIUM
      • INDUSTRIES IN RUIN - RUSSIANS
      • 17 EUROPEAN NATIONS RECEIVED 13 BILLION DOLLARS IN AIDE.
    • Berlin Airlift:
      • In order to keep West Berlin from being taken over by the Soviets, Truman orders an airlift to give food and supplies.
    • NATO Vs. Warsaw Pact
      • Divides Europe into half…
        • USA, GB, France…
          • against
        • Soviets
    • IRON CURTAIN:
    • 4 -Explain how Communism spread in Asia
      • 1. THE COMMUNIST WIN IN CIVIL WAR
        • EVEN THOUGH THE UNITED STATES SUPPORTED THE NATIONALIST
          • CHIANG KAI-SHEK AND THE NATIONALIST FLEE TO TAIWAN
        • CHINA FORMS AN ALLIANCE WITH SOVIETS
      Communism Rules, even in China! Yeah Baby!!! Thanks USA… But I must flee to Taiwan!!! Mao Zedong Chiang kai-shek
    • KOREAN WAR :
      • * DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL
      • NORTH KOREA INVADES THE 38 TH PARALLEL (EVENTUALLY WITH CHINESE HELP)
      • USA RESPONDS BY SENDING TROOPS LED BY (D. MACARTHUR)
    •  
    • VIETNAM :
      • DIVIDED AT THE 17 TH PARALLEL
      • COMMUNIST TOOK CONTROL NORTH
      • USA TOOK CONTROL OF SOUTH
      • UNITED STATES LONGEST WAR, BEGINS IN 65 AND ENDS IN 76.
        • 60,000 US troops killed
    • A B C D E F G H I J Cold War Conflicts:
    • #5 – Describe the superpowers struggle for control in Latin America.
      • Guatemala
        • United Fruit Company (UFCO)
        • USA overthrew the government and installed
        • a pro-democracy… Saving our business interest.
    • CUBA:
      • BAY OF PIGS: CIA led invasion using Cuban exiles to overthrow the Cuban government. (major disaster)
        • CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS: Soviets (with Fidel Castro) place nuclear weapons on Cuba pointed at American cities. JFK uses an embargo and negotiates the withdrawal. Extremely close moments of all out nuclear war!!!
    •  
    • #6 - Explain how communism affected life in America.
      • 1. Fear of Nuclear Attack, bomb shelters
      • 2. Limitations on free speech
      • 3. Joseph McCarthy – list of communist in gov.
      • 4. Blacklist
      McCarthy Rosenbergs Hollywood 10
    • Hollywood and the Cold War:
    • 7 - Analyze the fall of Communism in the Soviet Union and its effects.
      • Height of American Power
      • Spread of Democracy
      • End of the Arms Race
      • Reduction of fear
    •  
    • Cold War:
      • 1945-1991 bad tensions between the superpowers.
        • USA and SOVIET UNION never fought each other, but did fight all around the world
    • CONTAINMENT :
      • KENNANS MAIN MESSAGE
        • KEEP COMMUNISM CONTAINED
      • EASTERN EUROPE WAS ALREADY EXPOSED TO COMMUNISM
      • SATELLITE NATIONS
      • KEEP WESTERN EUROPE SAFE
    • BRANCHES OF GOV. PEOPLE CAN VOTE FREE ENTERPRISE / RAGS TO RICHES 3 CLASSES OF WEALTH 1 LEADER WITH TOTAL POWER NO VOTING GOV. CONTROLS FACTORIES, FARMS 1 CLASS OF WEALTH DEMOCRACY COMMUNISM
    • YALTA CONFERENCE :
      • 1. DIVIDED GERMANY INTO 4 MILITARY ZONES. USA, GB, FR, and RUSSIA
      • 2. UNITED NATIONS CREATED
      • 3. KOREA DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL
    • IRON CURTAIN SPEECH
      • CHURCHILL VISITS MISSOURI
      • CONDEMNED THE DIVISION OF EUROPE
      • CALLED ON AMERICANS TO KEEP STALIN FROM ENCLOSING ANY MORE NATIONS BEHIND THE IRON CURTAIN
      • USA (TRUMAN) APPLYS ECONOMIC RELIEF
      • 400 MILLION IN AIDE FOR TURKEY AND GREECE
    • UNITED NATIONS - NATO
      • PG. 608
      • THE U.S. AND THE SOVIET UNION WERE MEMBERS OF THE U.N. AND THEY WOULD VETO EACH OTHER.
      • IN RESPONSE - NATO WAS CREATED
      • DEVELOPED BY CANADA, ITS PURPOSE WAS TO PROTECT EUROPE AND THE WORLD FROM COMMUNISM
      • “ AN ARMED ATTACK AGAINST ONE SHALL BE AN ATTACK AGAINST ALL.”
    • MEMBER NATIONS:
      • GB, PORTUGAL, LUXEMBERG, FRANCE, DENMARK, BELGIUM, ITALY, THE NETHERLANDS, GREECE, TURKEY, NORWAY, WEST GERMANY, ICELAND,
      • EVENTUALLY SPAIN - 1962
    • POTSDAM CONFERENCE :
      • 1. NO FREE ELECTIONS IN EASTERN EUROPE
      • 2. STALIN FIRST HEARS OF AMERICAS NULEAR POWER
    • WARSAW PACT :
      • SOVIET UNIONS RESPONSE
      • SOVIET UNION, ALBANIA, POLAND, HUNGARY, BULGARIA, EAST GERMANY, ROMANIA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA
    • GEORGE KEENAN: LONG TELEGRAM
      • “ COMMUNISM WAS THE GREATEST THREAT TO THE FREE WORLD, NOT THE SOVIET ARMY.”
      • IN THIS CORNER…. FROM THE FORZEN TUNDRA OF RUSSIA…. THE MASTER OF DISASTER…. THE CZAR FROM AFAR…. THE EVIL EAR OF FEAR…. THE WARSAW PACT
      • AND IN THIS CORNER…. FROM THE LAND OF LIBERTY…. THE KING OF VOTING…. THE ACE OF ECONOMIC SPACE…. THE NATO ALLIANCE
      • LETS GET READY TO RUMBLLLLLLLLE!!!!
    • In your notes answer the following:
      • 1. HOW & WHY DID THE US SUPPORT CHIANG KAI SHEK?
      • 2. WHY DID THE US SUPPORT OF CHIANG DISSOLVE?
      • 3. WHO WAS MAO ZEDONG AND HOW DID HE GAIN CHINESE SUPPORT?
      • 4. WHAT WAS AMERICAS REACTION TO THE COMMUNIST TAKEOVER IN CHINA?
    • POLITICAL CARTOONS:
      • Working with one other student, look at the political cartoon and explain the message or idea that the cartoon is trying to express.
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    • COMMUNISM IN ASIA: KOREAN WAR :
      • * DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL
      • NORTH KOREA INVADES THE 38 TH PARALLEL (EVENTUALLY WITH CHINESE HELP
      • UNITED STATES RESPONDS BY SENDING TROOPS LED BY
      • GEN. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR
      • US MARINES LANDED AT INCHON
      • SANDWICH THE N. KOREANS AT PUSAN
      • PUSHED BACK ACROSS THE LINE
      • CONTINUED INTO N. KOREA EVEN WITH CHINA ISSUEING A WARNING
      • CHINESE TROOPS ENTER THE WAR AND PUSH BACK THE US/UN FORCES
      • GENERAL MacARTHUR WANTED TO CONTINUE AND TAKE ON THE CHINESE AND RUSSIANS TO “GET IT OVER WITH”
      • PRESIDENT TRUMAN DISAGREED
      • MacARTHUR DID NOT FOLLOW ORDERS AND TRUMAN FIRED HIM.
      • US 54,000 SOLDIERS KILLED
    • COMMUNISM IN THE MIDDLE EAST:
      • IRAN – OIL ECONOMY WENT DOWN
        • TURN TO COMMUNIST?
        • USA PAID $$$ AND INSERTED LEADER
      • SUEZ CANAL – CONTROL OF THE WATER WAY TO EUROPEAN / MIDEAST MARKETS. KEEP OUT OF COMMUNIST HANDS
    • COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA:
      • GUATAMALA – NATIONALIZED ALL LAND AND KICKED OUT UNITED STATES BUSINESSES (BANANA)
      • IF THEY ARE NOT SUPPORTING THE US, THEY MUST BE SUPPORTING THE COMMUNIST
    • CUBA
      • FIDEL CASTRO WAS A YOUNG REVOLUTIONARY WHO TURNED LEADER.
      • PROMISED TO ELIMINATE POVERTY, INEQUALITY”
      • HE SIEZED 3 US OIL REFINERIES
      • BROKE UP COMMERCIAL FARMS (SUGAR PLANTS OWNED BY US BUSINESS)
      • USA RESPONDED WITH TRADING EMBARGO
    • CUBAN MISSILE CRISES
      • SOVIET LEADER NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV PROMISED TO PROTECT CUBA WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS
      • THE WEAPONS WERE POINTED AT MAJOR US CITIES
      • CUBA HAD BEEN DENYING THE WEAPONS EXISTED
      • A U.S. U2 SPY PLANE CAPTURED RESONISSANCE PHOTOS OF THE WARHEADS
      • KENNEDY HAD TO DO SOMETHING!
      • HE CHOOSE TO INFORM THE PUBLIC THAT CUBA HAD NUKES
      • IF ANY ATTACK WERE TO OCCURE THEN ALL OUT NUKE ATTACK ON SOVIETS - BRINKMANSHIP
      • THE UNITED STATES ALSO HAD NUKED POINTED AT THE SOVIETS
      • LOCATED IN TURKEY
      • WHO WILL BLINK FIRST???
      • SOVIETS AGREED TO REMOVE NUKES IF WE WOULD FOLLOW
    • COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA :
      • USA HAD MILLIONS UPON MILLIONS OF DOLLARS INVESTED IN LATIN AMERICA.
      • SENT TROOPS TO HONDURAS AND NICARAGUA TO IMPLANT LEADERS
      • UNITED FRUIT CO. IN GUATEMALA = USA WOULD DO ALMOST ANYTHING TO KEEP COMMUNISM AWAY. FEAR AND SUSPICION
      • FIDEL CASTRO
      • Task: You are a historian with a plethora of topics that you can talk about from the Cold War Era. You have been asked to do a presentation to a class on one of those topics. Your presentation should include charts, diagrams, pictures, video, maps, etc., that include historical information. The presentation is a minimum of 8 minutes.
    • Knowledgeable Person
      • How to find and evaluate sources of information to conduct research.
      • 4 - student creates bibliography, uses a variety of resources, has information that is correct, information is pertinent to topic being discussed.
      • 3 - student creates bibliography with some mistakes, has some resources, information has some errors, information is hard to understand.
      • 2 - students bibliography is hard to understand, few resources, information is lacking, information is hard to understand.
      • 1 - lack of bibliography, lack of resources, information is mostly incorrect, information does not relate to topic.
    • Complex Thinker
      • Construct support for an argument
      • 4 - resource materials support argument, resources allow peers to understand argument, presentation is has a structure, presentation is longer than 10 minutes.
      • 3 - resource materials show some support, resources allow peers to partially understand, presentation is random, presentation is right at about 10 minutes.
      • 2 - resource materials lack a show of support, resources confuse peers, presentation lacks structure, presentation is short.
      • 1 - resource materials do not relate to argument, peers are confused, presentation has no structure.
    • Effective Communicator
      • Student expresses ideas clearly using different mediums including technology
      • 4 - students ideas are portrayed in several different ways, student gets points across to the class, student uses technology in appropriate manner for understanding, student assesses what has been talked about.
      • 3 - student presents ideas, students points to class are hard to discern, students use of technology makes it hard to understand topic, students assessment lacks in checking for understanding.
      • 2 - student presents ideas in one way, students points to class are hard to discern, student lacks use of technology, assessment is lacking in value.
      • 1 - students presentation is lacking, student makes few points to class, technology is not used, no assessment of learning is given.
      • Eisenhower Truman Korea
      • Nsc-68 Music Nixon
      • Hollywood Marshall Plan NATO
      • Fidel Castro Berlin Wall 1984
      • Space Race Rosenberg’s UFCO
      • Khrushchev Mao Zedong U2
      • Berlin Airlift Popular Culture Israel
      • Bay of Pigs China
      • Arms Race Churchill CIA
      • McCarthry Espionage HUAC
      • Atomic Race Ho Chi Mihn Hoover
      • Truman Doctrine Alger Hiss
      • A. What is meant by the phrase “The Cold War?”
      • List 5 causes of the Cold War.
      • Do you agree that the war was “cold?” Why or Why Not?
      • D. Explain the military actions taken by the United States in the attempt at containment .