The psychoanalytic theory Sigmund Freud The tripartitite structure of human personalityTripartite means - in three parts
The tripartite structure of personality Theearliest part of the human personalityTHE ID (the biological part) (instincts & drives) –Feed me, feed me now!!!! Present at birth Driven by the pleasure principle
The tripartite structure of personality Thesecond part of the human personality to developTHE EGO (the executive part)1 - 3 years Driven by the reality principle
The tripartite structure of personality Thethird part of the human personality to developTHE SUPEREGO (the moral part)3 - 5 years Driven by the anxiety principle http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mkin
The tripartite structure of personality Thepsychic apparatus according to Freud Only the EGO is in the CONSCIOUS mind We can talk about experiences in the conscious mind The ID resides in the UNCONSCIOUS We can’t talk about experiences in the unconscious mind
The tripartite personalityID >>> EGO <<< SUPEREGODEVELOP DURING THEFIVE psychosexual stages ofdevelopment
Stage 1 - the ORAL stage Mouth (sucking) is the source of pleasureThe ID is in control
In the ORAL stage …….Fixation caused by • Over indulgence symptomsinclude selfishness, dependency, compulsive talking • Frustration Symptoms include nail biting, sarcasm, thumb sucking, greed
Stage 2 - the ANAL StageElimination of faeces is the source of pleasureThe EGO develops(the reality principle)
In the ANAL stage ….Fixation (a) Anal expulsive: symptoms: giving to charity, potters, gardeners, (sublimating the wish to smear)Fixation (b) Anal retentive symptoms: miserly, thrifty, orderly, obstinate
Stage 3 : The PHALLIC stageThe Superego develops Driven by the anxiety principle The Oedipus conflict (boys) The Electra conflict (girls)
In the PHALLIC stage…. Fixation caused by failure to resolve the Oedipus / Electra conflict Symptoms include: homosexuality, curiosity, exhibitionism – a surgeon may be sublimating hostile feelings towards same sex parent – Writer of pornography may be sublimating sexual preoccupations
Latency Stage Nothing much goes on in this stage. Sexual energy is put to one side whilst other important physical and intellectual development takes place. This explains why at around the age of 6 children no longer choose to interact with opposite sex children.
Genital Stage This is the final stage and marks the transition into adult sexuality. Freud was a product of his time and thought the only acceptable type of sexuality was heterosexuality!
Oedipus Complex Named after an Ancient Greek Myth – Oedipus Rex. A Little boy has an intense love for his mother and sees his father as a rival for her affections. However, he realises that physically he is no match for his father and is afraid that if his father knew of his feelings for his mother he would punish him by castrating him (as you do!!!) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BA35ys91Q
Electra Complex This is the female version of the Oedipus Complex and much less developed by Freud. Basically, the female has a strong affection for her father and sees her mum as a rival. Girls don’t have to worry about being castrated! But they do worry about losing their mother’s love