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  • 1. A / AS Psychology Developmental PsychologyKey studySigmund Freud (1909)
  • 2. Freud’s consulting room
  • 3. The psychoanalytic theory Sigmund Freud The tripartitite structure of human personalityTripartite means - in three parts
  • 4. The tripartite structure of personality Theearliest part of the human personalityTHE ID (the biological part) (instincts & drives) –Feed me, feed me now!!!! Present at birth Driven by the pleasure principle
  • 5. The tripartite structure of personality Thesecond part of the human personality to developTHE EGO (the executive part)1 - 3 years Driven by the reality principle
  • 6. The tripartite structure of personality Thethird part of the human personality to developTHE SUPEREGO (the moral part)3 - 5 years Driven by the anxiety principle
  • 7. The tripartite structure of personality Thepsychic apparatus according to Freud Only the EGO is in the CONSCIOUS mind We can talk about experiences in the conscious mind The ID resides in the UNCONSCIOUS We can’t talk about experiences in the unconscious mind
  • 8. The tripartite personalityID >>> EGO <<< SUPEREGODEVELOP DURING THEFIVE psychosexual stages ofdevelopment
  • 9. The FIVE psychosexual stagesThe Oral (Birth - 1 year)The Anal (1 - 3 years)The Phallic (3 - 5/6 years)The Latency (6 - puberty)The Genital (adulthood)
  • 10. Stage 1 - the ORAL stage Mouth (sucking) is the source of pleasureThe ID is in control
  • 11. In the ORAL stage …….Fixation caused by • Over indulgence symptomsinclude selfishness, dependency, compulsive talking • Frustration Symptoms include nail biting, sarcasm, thumb sucking, greed
  • 12. Stage 2 - the ANAL StageElimination of faeces is the source of pleasureThe EGO develops(the reality principle)
  • 13. In the ANAL stage ….Fixation (a) Anal expulsive: symptoms: giving to charity, potters, gardeners, (sublimating the wish to smear)Fixation (b) Anal retentive symptoms: miserly, thrifty, orderly, obstinate
  • 14. Stage 3 : The PHALLIC stageThe Superego develops Driven by the anxiety principle The Oedipus conflict (boys) The Electra conflict (girls)
  • 15. In the PHALLIC stage…. Fixation caused by failure to resolve the Oedipus / Electra conflict Symptoms include: homosexuality, curiosity, exhibitionism – a surgeon may be sublimating hostile feelings towards same sex parent – Writer of pornography may be sublimating sexual preoccupations
  • 16. Latency Stage Nothing much goes on in this stage. Sexual energy is put to one side whilst other important physical and intellectual development takes place. This explains why at around the age of 6 children no longer choose to interact with opposite sex children.
  • 17. Genital Stage This is the final stage and marks the transition into adult sexuality. Freud was a product of his time and thought the only acceptable type of sexuality was heterosexuality!
  • 18. Oedipus Complex Named after an Ancient Greek Myth – Oedipus Rex. A Little boy has an intense love for his mother and sees his father as a rival for her affections. However, he realises that physically he is no match for his father and is afraid that if his father knew of his feelings for his mother he would punish him by castrating him (as you do!!!)
  • 19. Electra Complex This is the female version of the Oedipus Complex and much less developed by Freud. Basically, the female has a strong affection for her father and sees her mum as a rival. Girls don’t have to worry about being castrated! But they do worry about losing their mother’s love