Dap Characteristics Of Severe And Multiple Disabilities

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  • 1. Characteristics of Severe/Multiple Disabilities.
  • 2. Multiple vs. Severe Disabilities
    • The two groups overlap somewhat in definition.
      • Multiple disabilities, depending upon the definition used, may or may not include mental retardation as one disability, while severe disabilities requires mental retardation but does not require an additional disability
      • Most individuals who have multiple disabilities also fit the criteria for severe disabilities, while not all with severe disabilities have multiple disabilities.
      • http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2415/Severe-Multiple-Disabilities-Education-individuals-With.html
  • 3. Multiple vs. Severe Disabilities
    • People with severe or multiple disabilities may exhibit a wide range of characteristics, depending on the combination and severity of disabilities, and the person’s age. There are, however, some traits they may share, including:
      • Limited speech or communication
      • Difficulty in basic physical mobility
      • Tendency to forget skills through disuse
      • Trouble generalizing skills from one situation to another
      • A need for support in major life activities (e.g., domestic, leisure, community use, vocational).
      • http://old.nichcy.org/pubs/factshe/fs10txt.htm
  • 4. Severe Disabilities
    • Severe-profound Mental Retardation (common characteristic)
    • Require on-going, extensive care
    • Frequently have additional disabilities
    • Often have medical conditions or physical limitations
    • Associated severe behavior problems
    • Skills can become functional through appropriate interventions.
    • http://old.nichcy.org/pubs/factshe/fs10txt.htm
  • 5. Severe Disabilities
    • Autism Spectrum Disorder/Definition for Mental Retardation:
      • Individuals with several autism spectrum disorders, by definition, have significant developmental delays in communication and social interaction, and may exhibit extensive limitations in many adaptive skills. Thus, their disability may be extensive enough to fit the definition for mental retardation and severe disabilities, though this is not true for all persons identified with autism (e.g., Asperger's syndrome).
    • http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2415/Severe-Multiple-Disabilities-Education-individuals-With.html
  • 6. Multiple Disabilities
    • Definition under IDEA (2004):
      • A combination of impairments (such as mental retardation-blindness, or mental retardation-physical disabilities) that causes such severe educational problems that the child cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.
    • http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2415/Severe-Multiple-Disabilities-Education-individuals-With.html
  • 7. Multiple Disabilities
    • Along with multiple disabilities, they can also exhibit sensory losses and behavior and or social problems.
    • Children with multiple disabilities - also referred to as multiple exceptionalities will vary in severity and characteristics.
    • www.coe.unt.edu/Callahan/EDSP3210/ppts/chapter9
  • 8. Multiple Disabilities
    • Speech limitations
    • Physical mobility will often be an area of need.
    • These students may have difficulty attaining and remembering skills and/or transferring these skills from one situation to another.
    • Support is usually needed beyond the confines of the classroom. They will need ongoing assistance with one or all life activities.
    • www.coe.unt.edu/Callahan/EDSP3210/ppts/chapter9