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Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
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Nutrition during pregnancy

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  • 1. Weight Gain Item AmountBaby 7-8 poundsBlood Volume Increase 3 poundsPlacenta 1 poundTissue 2-6 poundsUterus 2 poundsFat Deposits 5 poundsBreasts 1 poundAmniotic Fluid 2-4 poundsFluids 2-6 poundsTotal ~ 25 to 35 pounds
  • 2. Weight Gain… 1 to 4 pounds total during the first 3 months (first trimester) 2 to 4 pounds per month during the 4th to 9th months (second and third trimesters)
  • 3. Daily Food Requirements Milk and Milk Products, Dairy  4 servings
  • 4. Daily Food Requirements Meats & Proteins  3 servings
  • 5. Daily Food Requirements Fruits  2-4 servings  1 high in vitamin C
  • 6. Daily Food Requirements Vegetables  Dark green and deep yellow vegetables several times a week  3 to 5 servings
  • 7. Daily Food Requirements Breads & Carbohydrates  6 to 11 servings a day  Aim for whole grains
  • 8. Beneficial Nutrients Folic Acid ○ reduces risk of birth defects (spina bifida) ○ found in green leafy vegetables, nuts, citrus fruits, beans, fortified cereals Iron ○ helps mom and baby’s blood carry oxygen ○ green leafy vegetables, red meat, beans Calcium ○ fetus needs for bone growth ○ helps mom from losing bone density ○ found in Milk group
  • 9. Avoid … Alcohol  Fetal Alcohol Syndrome  High risk of still born or miscarriage  Low birth rate  Mental retardation
  • 10. Avoid … Smoking –low birth weight, stillbirth, poor lung development, SIDS, 2nd hand smoke is also dangerous Medications – NO medications should be taken (even over the counter) unless approved by doctor X-rays – Exposing fetus to radiation can cause birth defects Hot tubs/saunas – raises core temperature of mom, could harm fetus
  • 11. Foods to Avoid … Some fish and shellfish contain potentially dangerous levels of mercury. Too much mercury could damage your babys developing nervous system. The bigger and older the fish, the more mercury its likely to contain. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) encourage pregnant women to avoid: Swordfish Shark King mackerel Tilefish Limit albacore tuna, chunk white tuna and tuna steak to no more than 6 ounces, or 170 grams, a week

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