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Secondary Colors 3 colors Green, orange & violet Mix 2 primary colors together Ex. Yellow+blue= green
Tertiary Colors6 colors Blue-green, red- orange, red-violet, blue-violet, yellow- green & yellow- orange Mix 1 primary color & 1 secondary color Ex. Red+orange= red-orange Primary name comes 1st
Hue The color itself. Can be lightened or darkened but the hue (color) is the same.
Value Thedegree of lightness or darkness of a hue in relation to black and white To raise value- add white (tint) To lower value- add black (shade) The higher the value-increase in size The lower the value-decrease in size Light colors-recede Dark colors- advance
Tint When you add white to a hue and raise the value
Tones When you add both black and white to a hue
Shades When you add black to a hue and lower the value
Chroma or intensity Brightness or dullness of a color; purity or strength of a color. Intensity is lessened as a color is mixed with its complementary color.
Chroma continued….. Intense or pure colors are: Brightand stimulating Seem larger and closer People pay more attention to the form
Warm colors Cool colors Yellow –green to red- Red-violet to yellow- violet green Sunlight and fire Restful Active & cheery Soothing Advancing Receding informal formal
Color Schemes Monochromatic Analogous Complimentary
Monochromatic Tints, tones and shades of the same color Ex. Blues & neutrals or all blues
Analogous2 or more colors next to each other on the color wheel Ex.Blue, blue- green & green
Direct/ complementary2 colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel Ex. Red and green
Split Complementary3 colors1 color plus the 2 colors on either side of it’s complementary color Ex. Yellow, red- violet & blue violet
Triadic Any 3 colors that are equidistant on the color wheel Ex. Orange, violet & green
Neutral The room is basically neutral colors with small amounts of color for contrast Neutrals:white, black, gray, beige, brown Easy to create and live with Accent with bright color for contrast Example: white, black, red