Critical Thinking in the 21st Century
Eric Starr, Hollie Keesee, and Kelli Hudnall
What is Critical Thinking?
Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and
skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or
evaluating information gathered from, or generated
by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or
communication, as a guide to belief and action. In its exemplary
form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject
clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound
evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness.
Importance in Education
Do Away With Memorization
Wanting to Learn the Material
Engage students in assignments that stray away from activities such as
testing and worksheets to promote thinking and problem solving skills
that allows students to think outside the box and explore a topic
Example of Application
Detailed Example of Application
- Students create a group blog of the most important things
Ben Franklin accomplished.
- Ex. One group would mention his role in the American
Revolution rather than him creating the U.S. Postal Service.
- Other students will be asked to comment on these posts
and explain if they agree or disagree with their statements.
- This is a way for students to think critically while learning
new materials. This is overall a better option than giving
the students a test and asking them to list
dates, inventions, etc.
Glaser, Edward M. "Defining Critical Thinking." The Critical Thinking Community. Foundation for Critical Thinking. 2012. Web. 3 Dec. 2013
< http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/766 >
Kharbach, Med. “What Does Critical Thinking Mean in Education?” 2012. Web. 3 Dec. 2013
Mabe, Lisa. “The Importance of Applying Critical Thinking to Children's Learning .“ Surry Community College. Web. 4 Dec. 2013
Strategies and Tactics for Critical Thinking." CriticalThinking.NET. Ed. Robert H. Ennis. N.p., Nov. 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.